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PLANT HEALTH - Soil Biology and Rhizosphere Biology for healthy plants

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PLANT HEALTH - Soil Biology and Rhizosphere Biology for healthy plants

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A training course on plant health by Pius Floris (Plant Health Cure BV) for AgriTechnicians.

Organized by IQ CROPS Ltd and IRTC (International Researvh & Training Centre for Sustainability) at 05.12.2019 in Ierapetra,Crete,Greece.

A training course on plant health by Pius Floris (Plant Health Cure BV) for AgriTechnicians.

Organized by IQ CROPS Ltd and IRTC (International Researvh & Training Centre for Sustainability) at 05.12.2019 in Ierapetra,Crete,Greece.

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PLANT HEALTH - Soil Biology and Rhizosphere Biology for healthy plants

  1. 1. PLANT HEALTHSoil biology and Rhizosphere biology for healthy plants
  2. 2. Soil biology and Rhizosphere biology for healthy plants A presentation on plant health By: Pius Floris. Plant Health Cure BV Netherlands
  3. 3. Presentation topics. 1- Calcium /Kalium (potassium) 2- Harpin Protein 3- nematodes 4- Amino Acids 5- Fulvic
  4. 4. Vancouver Canada
  5. 5. 6 This is the place where “Law of the minimum” was created. 160 years ago people had no idea from bacteria or fungi
  6. 6. 7 Today the laboratory in Giesen (D) is a museum sponsor: Merck Pharmaceuticals
  7. 7. Von Liebig’s “LAW OF THE MINIMUM” is 160 years old!
  8. 8. 9
  9. 9. Kalium is NOT the same as Potassium.10 Kaliumchloride. Pure mining product
  10. 10. 11Brick in pure Kalium (Kali60) after 6 months.
  11. 11. 16 elements ? 30 + elements
  12. 12. 13Historic bread oven in Netherlands.
  13. 13. 14 Some Trace elements in woodash: As: Arsenic Ba: Barium B : Boron Cd: Cadmium Cu: Copper Cr : Chromium Ag : Silver Mo: Molybdenum Hg : Mercury Ni : Nickel V :Vanadium Zn : Zinc Ce: Cerium La: Lanthanum And many more. the major components of wood ash are: Calcium (Ca), Kalium (K), (Mg), silicon (Si) and phosphorus (P)
  14. 14. 15 Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository At least 15 elements in our bodies count for less than 1% of total.
  15. 15. 16 Elements comprising the human body. Oxygen 61% Carbon 23% Hydrogen 10% Calcium 1,4% Kalium 0,2% Chlorine 12% Magnesium 0,27% Zinc 0,0033% Sulfur 0,20% Nitrogen 2,6% Phosphorus 1,1% Sodium 0,14% Silicium 0,26% Iron 0,006% Fluoride 0,0037% <1% “non essential elements” Copper Cobalt Iodine Chromium Nickel Vanadium Germanium Arsenic Boron Tin Selenium Rubidum Manganese Molybdenum
  16. 16. 17 Elements comprising the PLANT body. Oxygen 35% Carbon 23% Hydrogen 10% Calcium 1,4% Kalium 0,2 % Chlorine 0,4% Magnesium 0,27% Zinc 0,0033% Sulfur 0,20% Nitrogen 2,6% Phosphorus 1,1% Sodium 0,14% Silicium 0,26% Iron 0,006% Fluoride 0,0037% Manganese ? Boron ? <1%“non essential elements” Copper Cobalt Iodine Chromium Nickel Vanadium Germanium Arsenic Tin Selenium Rubidum Molybdenum Lanthanum Cerium
  17. 17. Calcium in the cells is critical for self defence of the plants 18
  18. 18. Jasmonic Acid as Elicitor >>>>>>>>>> Salicylic acid as Elicitor >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> The plants natural defence system
  19. 19. The majority of plant diseases are the result of abiotic stress and malnutrition
  20. 20. This is how the science looks at roots until today.
  21. 21. The amount of scientific information is overwhelming but overspecialized.
  22. 22. Plant budget in Carbon (C) photosynthesis (Carbon) production = foodproduction Growth, breathing, metabolisms (SAR) maintenance costs for microbial partners saved energy (starch and lipids)
  23. 23. Root exudates 24Absorbing roots live up to 3 weeks. Root hairs live 3 days.
  24. 24. Rhizosphere20µm roothairtip Green: beneficial bacteria The rhizosphere bacteria Live from the root exudates (complex sugars) Many salt fertilizers neutralize the rhizospere, disturbing mineralisation by specific rhizobacteria.
  25. 25. 26 In the soil, every form of organic matter (CARBON, dead or alive) is a food source for other organisms Fungal growth in nematode Nematode eating nematode
  26. 26. This is how we defend ourselves agains intruders
  27. 27. Mycorrhiza and many other fungi form a web around fine roots to catch intruders like nematodes immediately
  28. 28. 29 All life forms in the soil serve as food for other organisms.
  29. 29. 30 Soil fungi are the best predators on nematodes and their eggs. From: Biological Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes. G.R. Stirling
  30. 30. Foliar feeding is totally natural
  31. 31. Tons of bacteria, algae, organic matter bird droppings and amino acids trickle down from the tree canopies on the lower plants stages. Foliar feed can be absorbed bij plants up to 20 X faster than trough the root system. < Emergent layer < Canopy layer < Understory layer < Shrub layer < Herbs layer
  32. 32. 34Healthy leaves in rain forests are not clean.
  33. 33. Endocytosis
  34. 34. Endocytosis Absorption through the leaves of Natural Green and Bacteria Absorption of PlantFeed and Fulvic Signal protein (Harpin) recognition
  35. 35. Collagen seperation from leather production (amino acid production)
  36. 36. Amino Acids Plant based. Collagen / leather
  37. 37. This is pure Leonardite. It is an energy consuming mining product Rockhard and fossile. Not suitable for use.
  38. 38. Traditional production of humates and fulvics
  39. 39. Fulvics versus Humics 42 Humics Fulvics Large/heavy structure (less mobile) Small and light (mobile, more leaching) Low CEC High CEC Relative simple structure (no chelating) Complex structure (High chelating) Cu2+, Fe2+, K+, Mg2+ (chelating) Cu2+, Fe2+, K+, Mg2+ (CEC-binding)
  40. 40. 43 In nature 2 things can’t be copied, synthesized or duplicated; 1. Photosynthesis 2. humification Synthetic derived Fulvic acid Naturally formed Fulvic from humus in nature
  41. 41. Characteristics of PHC Fulvic 44
  42. 42. Discussion topics. 1- Calcium /Kalium (potassium) 2- Harpin Protein 3- Nematodes 4- Amino Acids 5- Fulvic
  43. 43. Thank you for your attention. Pius Floris

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