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Woreda participatory land use planning, Ethiopia

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Presented by Fiona Flintan at the Launch of the Government of Ethiopia's Manual on Woreda Participatory Land Use Planning in Bishoftu, Ethiopia, 17 September 2019.

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Woreda participatory land use planning, Ethiopia

  1. 1. Woreda Participatory Land Use Planning, Ethiopia Fiona Flintan, ILRI Presented at the launch of the Government of Ethiopia's Manual on Woreda Participatory Land Use Planning in Bishoftu, Ethiopia 17th September 2019
  2. 2. Context • 5-6 years ago there were gaps in land use planning, rangeland management, and secure access to resources and land. • Increasing competition for land and resources between different sectors and users. • Lack of coordination between different actors and sectors including land use activities at local level • Lack of tenure security in pastoral areas • Lack of investment in land management and e.g. rangeland degradation, invasive species
  3. 3. Context • Increasing capacity of government and interest in land use planning at different levels. • Development of a manual on PLUP – quite highland focused. • Series of meetings facilitated by Oxfam/REGLAP on such as land use planning including experience-sharing • Agreement that a PLUP manual for pastoral areas would be useful.
  4. 4. Planning can happen at different scales
  5. 5. Importance of land use planning • To reconcile competing pressures on land, and to optimize land use taking into account current land uses (in pastoral areas these are often multiple use) • Bring together different stakeholders to discuss land use and how to improve it • To develop a vision for the future on land use, as part of wider development processes • To provide guidance on coordination of sectors related to land use and addressing land use challenges • Can contribute to greater land tenure security and lead to improved investments in land management • Challenges of ensuring based on good data, affordable, within capacities, implementable, and as participatory as possible.
  6. 6. What is most appropriate scale for planning in pastoral areas? Source: PRIME/CARE Ethiopia
  7. 7. Learning journey to Kenya and Tanzania in 2015
  8. 8. Examples of land use planning in East Africa: Tanzania
  9. 9. Examples of land use planning in East Africa: Tanzania
  10. 10. Examples of land use planning in East Africa: Kenya
  11. 11. Developing land use planning in Ethiopia • Current land use including pastoral use of land (grazing areas) need to be starting point. • Needs to be at a scale where funds can be accessed from government for implementation • Should be a participatory and multi-sectoral team including local land users as much as possible, but also needs to be manageable number • Needs to be technical/scientific AND including local knowledge • Needs to be affordable and within capacity of government
  12. 12. Developing land use planning in Ethiopia • Consultation within government at different levels • Learnt/drew from experiences of other countries • SDC and ILC Rangelands Initiative agreed to provide funding, with substantial in-kind support from GIZ • Expert consultations and writing retreats • Input of experts for different sections and development of a land capability classification that includes water drought vulnerability class • Two pilots – in Chifra, Afar (with support from GIZ) and Shinile, Somali (with support from Oxfam)
  13. 13. Piloting Chifra WPLUP
  14. 14. Piloting Chifra WPLUP
  15. 15. Piloting Chifra WPLUP
  16. 16. Piloting Chifra WPLUP
  17. 17. Piloting Chifra WPLUP PRIORITY CONCERNS CORE PROBLEMS EFFECTS  Loss of livestock  Decrease of livestock productivity  Change of livelihood style  Vulnerability to disaster  Poverty Skill &Knowledge Lack of Skill &Knowledge Traditional Good Practices Livestock Rangeland Erosion of Traditional Good Practices Frequent outbreak of livestock diseases Rangeland Degradation Low pace of development High vulnerability to Disaster Change of livelihood style Erosion of Traditional bylaws Uncontrolled resource utilization Decreased Animal Productivity Poor quality of byproducts Absence of adequate veterinary clinics Increased Animal mortality Decrease in Browsing Plants Increase Toxic Species Decrease in rangeland area Reduction in Palatable Species Deforestation Soil Erosion Increased Invasion Species Over Grazing Inadequate Animal Health Service Inadequate animal feeds Frequent Drought use Lack of Information Conflict with the Immerging of New Institute Lack of recognition of traditional bylaws Loss of sense of communal ownership Weakening Traditional bylaws Adoption of inappropriate extension system Poor Pastoral Extension Service Inadequate knowledge Transfer
  18. 18. Piloting Chifra WPLUP
  19. 19. Design and launch of the manuals: working document
  20. 20. This work is financed by Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), GIZ, International Land Coalition, CGIAR Livestock CRP and the CGIAR PIM CRP, and the Government of Ethiopia. It contributes to the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri- food Systems and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) Acknowledgements
  21. 21. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system