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Informing tomorrow's livestock science: Opportunities to transform food systems in tropical developing regions

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Presented by Anna Okello, Research Program Manager, Livestock Systems ACIAR at the International Tropical Agriculture Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 11−13 November 2019

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Informing tomorrow's livestock science: Opportunities to transform food systems in tropical developing regions

  1. 1. Dr Anna Okello Research Program Manager Livestock Systems ACIAR Informing tomorrow's livestock science: Opportunities to transform food systems in tropical developing regions International Tropical Agriculture Conference Brisbane, Australia, 11-13 November 2019
  2. 2. ACIAR • ACIAR sits in the foreign affairs portfolio funded by Australian ODA budget • Commissioning model to fund research partnerships in LMICs for the benefit of partner countries and Australia • Aim to boost agricultural productivity, sustainability and food security in smallholder systems in partner countries • $120+ million in >200 R4D projects in > 30 countries via 10 regional offices • Individual and institutional capacity building, evaluating impacts and learning lessons is high priority
  3. 3. Three ‘Pillars’ of ACIAR Livestock Program 1. Climate • Data for livestock MRV 2. Trade and Market Access • Biosecurity + production 3. Human health, nutrition and wellbeing • Food safety, nutrition, socio-cultural Better evidence of the total societal contribution of livestock in LMICs is required to contribute to the global debate on the future role of livestock
  4. 4. Value of the livestock sector • Animal-source foods and role in food systems • Income generation – improved choice and diversity • Added value to crop productivity • Financial instruments • Social status • Gender dimension
  5. 5. •Public + private investment •Difficulty entering formal markets •‘Bulky’ cashflow •Poor conversion of ‘non-monetary’ value Challenges to Smallholder Livestock Production
  6. 6. •Future demand - increased productivity of land and livestock •Expanded grazing/mixed systems - limited potential •Industrial/commercial production – different challenges How does science help define the opportunities for smallholders? Sustainable livestock Intensification
  7. 7. Transformational Change: Livestock Feed 1. Constraints around free grazing systems • Restricts dry season cropping (cash or forage ) • Research gap - social, not technical 2. Use of crop residues to feed livestock • Diversity of residue uses in various contexts and how livestock integrated 3. Alternate feed sources • Diversity of SHS = opportunities • Additives to lower emissions
  8. 8. Transformational Change: Mechanisation •Movement from draft to cow-calf systems •FACASI - “Labour and/or other sources of farm power (draught/tractor) limit land productivity in all study sites” •How will the livestock landscape change if the value add from draught is reducing?
  9. 9. Transformational Change: Technology “Lipa na M-pesa” - example of the power of transformative technology • Digital tools - AgriWallet, AgUnity • Block chain technologies • Disruptive technologies – genetics, disease
  10. 10. •Disconnect between livestock policy and livestock value systems •Heed lessons from other sectors/disciplines •Policy processes - ask research questions in a way that decision makers want them answered Transformational Change: Policy and Economics Research
  11. 11. • Merging science and development moves beyond technical research approaches • Livestock intensification in smallholder contexts – Who wins? Who loses? Who decides? • How will ‘development’ impact smallholders’ relationship with livestock and food systems into the future? Livestock Research for Development: ACIAR perspective