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Enhancing legume productivity to improve benefits for smallholder farmers in SSA

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Presentation during IITA R4D week 2015 (23 - 27 Nov. 2015). By: F. Baijukya, P. Ebanyat, S. Adjei-Nsiah, E. Sangodele, E.
Wolde-meskel T. Ampadu-Boakye, F. Kanampiu, E. Baars,
B. Vanlauwe.

Publicada em: Ciências
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Enhancing legume productivity to improve benefits for smallholder farmers in SSA

  1. 1. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.orgwww.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Enhancing legume productivity to improve benefits for smallholder farmers in SSA F. Baijukya, P. Ebanyat, S. Adjei-Nsiah, E. Sangodele, E. Wolde-meskel T. Ampadu-Boakye, F. Kanampiu, E. Baars, B. Vanlauwe 24th November 2015 (R4D Week 2015)
  2. 2. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Putting Nitrogen fixation to work for small holder farmer Enhancing legume productivity to improve benefits for smallholder farmers in SSA F. Baijukya, P. Ebanyat, S. Adjei-Nsiah, E. Sangodele, E. Wolde-meskel T. Ampadu-Boakye, F. Kanampiu, E. Baars, B. Vanlauwe IITA R4D Week, Ibadan, November, 2015
  3. 3. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Why Grain Legumes?  Enhancing agricultural productivity through (intensification and diversification of farming systems), stimulate productivity of crops grown in rotation, intercropping  Protein-rich grain directly addresses food and nutrition needs of the poor  Diverse opportunities for women (value addition for cash income, household nutrition, etc.)  contribute to soil nitrogen (improving soil fertility)  crop residues provide high-quality feed for livestock
  4. 4. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Hypothesis Business led partnerships will lead to sustainable delivery and adoption of grain legume technologies
  5. 5. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Approach  Delivery and Dissemination being the core  M&E providing the learning/feedback  Research (diagnosis) analyses and feedback D&D = Dissemination and Delivery M&E = Monitoring and Evaluation M&E D&D Research
  6. 6. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org PROGRESS WITH DISSEMINATION & RESEARCH
  7. 7. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Dissemination of best-bet Technologies
  8. 8. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Focal adaptations to support tailoring of technologies Example from DRC
  9. 9. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Research Responding to feedback on technologies’ results
  10. 10. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Understanding cause of yield variations: Case of Beans Tanzania
  11. 11. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Scatter graph of stake density (left) and stake height (right) and climbing bean yield for the two poorest and the two wealthiest household classes in Rwanda. 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Freshgrainyield(t/ha) Stake density (no. / ha) Very poor or Poor Well-off or Rich 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 100 200 300 Stake height (cm) Socio-economic factors in yield difference: Case of Staking and Climbing beans yield in Rwanda
  12. 12. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Yields segregated by gender: case of Rwanda Without DAP (kg/ha) With DAP (kg/ha) Women 1107 1659 Men 1733 2517 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ClimbingbeanyieldwithmanureandP fertiliser(tha-1) Climbing bean yield with manure only (t ha-1) Women Men
  13. 13. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Improving Technologies to respond to constraints identified
  14. 14. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Rhizobia Bio-prospecting : Case of Common bean, Chickpea & Faba bean in Ethiopia 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 50c 50d 51a1 51a2 51c 61a 61d 70c 73b1 73b2 73c 73d 73e1. 73e2. 73e2* CH24-10 4x 10a 10b 12x 13x 20a 21a 40a 47x 56b 59x 75x 82x HB429 CIAT899 USDA2667 C511 USDA110 NAK91 NAK97 NAK103 NAK104 N- N+ shootdrwt Rootdrwt Noddrwt Rhizobial Strains Dryweight(g/plant)  Potential local strains identified  Commercialization - HB429 in Ethiopia by Menagesha PLC inoculant company (MBI)
  15. 15. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Improving packages - Uganda  Targeted modifications of nutrient management packages required for closing on-farm yield gaps. E.g.: micronutrients + lime +PK for climbing bean production than only P Baseline yield Grainyield(kgha-1) Pot. yield (a) Groundnut (b) Climbing Beans SED AEZ** SED Fert* SED AEZ *** SED Fert ***
  16. 16. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Enhancing accessing to input and output markets
  17. 17. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Design for Sustainability Crosscutting Issues: Gender Mainstreaming and Enhancing Agriculture Nutrition Linkage
  18. 18. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Access to input (technologies) and output Markets: Ghana & Ethiopia 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 2012 2013 2014 2015 Production and sales of inoculants in Ethiopia Production Volumes (packets) Sales volumes (packets)  % Sales:  2012-2014: 33-50%  2015: 65%  Main buyers:  2012-2014: BoA, Projects  2015: BoA, Projects, Unions (Members and non members)  Estimated land covered: 16,757ha 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 Target Achieved Male Female NumberofFarmers Number of Farmers participating in collective marketing in Ghana 2014 2015  % increase in number of farmers: 69%  Estimated soybeans sold in 2014: 2,390 tons  Estimated soybeans sold in 2015: 5,160 tons  % increase in soybeans sold (2014-2015): 28% *Packet-125g
  19. 19. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Gender Empowerment Country Women specific businesses identified Ghana -Bulking of soybeans for marketing -Processing of soymilk -Processing of Soy khebab Ethiopia -Local women inoculant dealers for MBI in target areas -Grain marketing in unions/Cooperatives Uganda -Climbing bean seed production Borno -Bulk buying of soybean -Fish farming (using soybean products) -Poultry farming for youth -Groundnut oil processing Season volume of seed produced (kg) Returns (USD) 2015A 1,050 926 2015B 7,000 6,176 *50% of Returns goes into production Women engagement in seed production in Uganda
  20. 20. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Nutrition Award  Received an award as part of three projects out of 50 around the world  contributions towards bridging the gaps between nutrition, agriculture, and food security  An initiative of World Bank: Secure Nutrition Knowledge Platform in partnership with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) and Save the Children, UK Award for Most Scalable Approach: N2Africa, outstanding nutrition- sensitive agriculture project
  21. 21. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Lessons learnt  Integration of scientific disciplines (biophysical, socio-economic, etc.) helps to unravel the constraints and understand how best to intervene  Market-led research leads to uptake of technologies (demand driven)  Transparency contributes to trust and helps build partnerships  Business led Partnerships contributes to inputs and outputs markets  Demand prediction is key for the continuous supply of technologies
  22. 22. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Future Outlook  Balanced nutrient combinations to improve technology packages  Integration of socio economic factors (access to resources, gender, etc) in improving technologies  Further research into understanding yield gaps to reach the potentials yields of specific crops  Nutrient use efficiency  Tools to enable targeting of different technologies at various scales  Tool to determine aggregate input and output demand
  23. 23. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org THANK YOU

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