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IET Present Around the World 2014 
Fuelling The Future 
Fuel Cell Vehicle Development 
By Jamie McBrien 
Mechanical Engine...
Current issues 
Carbon 
Dioxide 
Nitrogen 
Oxides 
Carbon 
Monoxide 
Particulate 
matter 
Other 
toxins 
• 1bn vehicles wo...
What are fuel cell vehicles? 
Hydrogen 
Storage Tank 
Power 
Control Unit 
Fuel Cell 
Stack 
Electric 
Motor 
Fuel Cell: H...
Why are they being developed? 
• Zero emissions and better efficiency 
•Direct replacement for current vehicles 
•Opportun...
Comparison with Batteries 
Fuel Cell 
Vehicles 
Battery Vehicles 
Refuel in 5 mins Take up to 7 
hours to charge 
300 – 40...
Who is developing them? 
1990 2000 2010 2020
Where is the technology heading?
Conclusions
Any Questions?
One common myth 
Hydrogen Vehicle Petrol Vehicle 
Initial ignition 
After 1 minute 
http://www.cleancaroptions.com/html/hy...
And Electric Vehicles….. 
Tesla Electric Vehicle 
http://www.autoblog.com/2013/10/14/tesla-fire-chilled-battery-car-market...
What are Fuel Cells? 
 → 2 + 2	 
1 
2 
 + 2 + 2	 →
Hydrogen network
Cost Reductions 
Time 
Cost 
2000 2010 2017 
$275/Kw 
$51/Kw 
$30/Kw
Different to batteries: 
Chemical Energy 
Store 
Chemical 
Reactions 
Electrical Energy 
Fuel Source 
Chemical 
Reactions ...
Other References 
• Slide 3: 
 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2522963/So-bad-SPACE-China-smog-grounded-planes-lef...
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Fuel cell vehicles

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Jamie McBrien's IET PATW presentation describes what fuel cell vehicles are and why they being developed. The common myth regarding their safety is highlighted. Before concluding it also provides a comparison to electric vehicle performance.

Publicada em: Indústria automotiva
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Fuel cell vehicles

  1. 1. IET Present Around the World 2014 Fuelling The Future Fuel Cell Vehicle Development By Jamie McBrien Mechanical Engineer, Johnson Matthey Fuel Cells
  2. 2. Current issues Carbon Dioxide Nitrogen Oxides Carbon Monoxide Particulate matter Other toxins • 1bn vehicles worldwide each emit 5 tonnes of CO2 per year • Legislation for 1.5 million ZEVs on California’s roadways by 2025
  3. 3. What are fuel cell vehicles? Hydrogen Storage Tank Power Control Unit Fuel Cell Stack Electric Motor Fuel Cell: Hydrogen + Oxygen → Water Combustion: Petrol + Oxygen → Water + CO2 + CO + NOx + Particles / toxins
  4. 4. Why are they being developed? • Zero emissions and better efficiency •Direct replacement for current vehicles •Opportunity to use renewable energy Weight of Energy System to Travel 300 0 Batteries Petrol Hydrogen 100 miles 25% Typical Engine Efficiency 75% Combustion Engine 50% 50% Fuel Cell Used Lost
  5. 5. Comparison with Batteries Fuel Cell Vehicles Battery Vehicles Refuel in 5 mins Take up to 7 hours to charge 300 – 400 miles range 100 miles range Recharging: Refuelling:
  6. 6. Who is developing them? 1990 2000 2010 2020
  7. 7. Where is the technology heading?
  8. 8. Conclusions
  9. 9. Any Questions?
  10. 10. One common myth Hydrogen Vehicle Petrol Vehicle Initial ignition After 1 minute http://www.cleancaroptions.com/html/hydrogen_safety.html#CarCrash
  11. 11. And Electric Vehicles….. Tesla Electric Vehicle http://www.autoblog.com/2013/10/14/tesla-fire-chilled-battery-car-market-opinion/
  12. 12. What are Fuel Cells? → 2 + 2 1 2 + 2 + 2 →
  13. 13. Hydrogen network
  14. 14. Cost Reductions Time Cost 2000 2010 2017 $275/Kw $51/Kw $30/Kw
  15. 15. Different to batteries: Chemical Energy Store Chemical Reactions Electrical Energy Fuel Source Chemical Reactions Electrical Energy Battery: Fuel Cell:
  16. 16. Other References • Slide 3: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2522963/So-bad-SPACE-China-smog-grounded-planes-left-millions-risk-pollution- remains-crisis-point.html • Slide 4; http://www.intechopen.com/books/electric-vehicles-the-benefits-and-barriers/fuel-cell-hybrid-electric-vehicles • Slide 5: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nissan_LEAF_got_thirsty_trimmed.jpg http://blogs.cars.com/.a/6a00d83451b3c669e20191025840ee970c-800wi • Slide 6: http://www.caranddriver.com/news/gms-fuel-cell-vehicle-development-plan-car-news http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-1228969-1-1401029-1-0-0-1401206-0-0-135-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html http://automobiles.honda.com/fcx-clarity/exterior-photos.aspx http://www.intelligent-energy.com/automotive/case-studies/london-taxi-company http://www.fuelcelltoday.com/analysis/analyst-views/2012/12-10-10-fuel-cell-vehicles-not-a-dream-but-a-plan http://www.nuvera.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/toyota-fcev.jpg • Slide 7: http://bioage.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341c4fbe53ef0192aa61fa0b970d-popup

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