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Systemic Innovation to leverage impacts in dryland agri-food systems of Central Asia

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28 May 2019. Moscow. Fourth Annual International Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition in Eurasia.

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Systemic Innovation to leverage impacts in dryland agri-food systems of Central Asia

  1. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas icarda.org cgiar.org A CGIAR Research Center Systemic Innovation to leverage impacts in dryland agri-food systems of Central Asia Moscow – May 28, 2019 Prof. Jacques Wery, ICARDA, Cairo, Egypt, Dr. Ram Sharma and Dr. Akmal Akramkhanov, ICARDA, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  2. 2. icarda.org 2 Staff: 400 Scientists: 80 ICARDA is a decentralized R4D international institute for agri-food systems in non tropical drylands Partnership with NARS
  3. 3. icarda.org 3 Integration of Crops, Small Ruminants, Soils and Water at Farm and landscape levels 17 % 22 % 58 % 3 % NENA Agricultural Land (2.5 M km2)
  4. 4. The Eco-Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and the Caucasus (CAC) Established in 1998, aims to achieve: ⚫overall food security ⚫enhanced productivity ⚫Soil and environmental sustainability ⚫economic growth ⚫poverty alleviation
  5. 5. icarda.org 5 An Integrated Approach to address a systemic crisis Demography Urbanisation Conflicts Climate Change Land Degradation Resilience ?
  6. 6. icarda.org 6 A large and diversified portfolio of proven technologies Raised-bed planting Irrigation techniques Fodder crops Food Legumes Conservation Agriculture “De-risking” solutions for farmers
  7. 7. icarda.org 7 Including long-term investment in Genetic Resources and Breeding Characters: 1. Highly resistant to yellow rust 2. Heat tolerance 3. Medium maturity 4. Grain yield 9 t/ha under normal soil, irrigation 5. Quality – satisfactory 6. High straw yield Has remained yellow rust resistant 2009 - 2019 Climate-resilient Winter Wheat – Gozgon
  8. 8. icarda.org Systemic Innovation to achieve synergies among SDGs in the Drylands NUTRITION SECURITY BLUE WATER LABOR EMPLOYMENT MIGRATION NATURAL RESOURCES & ENERGY SYSTEMIC INNOVATION Components Enabling Environment
  9. 9. icarda.org 9 • Soil Erosion • No vegetation • No Livelihood • Downstream Flooding Land and Livestock governance Integrated Watershed Management Marab Agriculture 125 mm rainfall 5 T/ha grain 5 T/ha barley Food security under Land Degradation Neutrality is possible
  10. 10. icarda.org 10 Modern Tools and participatory research to Scale-Out “Innovations” Similar Systems and Contexts Mechanized Raised-Bed Planting Wheat 22 governorates 10% of Egypt’s total wheat area (125,000 ha) • Less irrigation water (- 25%) • More yields (+30%) • Less seeds (-50%) Ethiopia, Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, Nigeria, Sudan, Tunisia and Uzbekistan
  11. 11. 11icarda.org 3 billion ha International Agencies 3 million ha Governments 300 k ha Agro-Food industry 30 k ha Advisors Multi-scale knowledge on climate variability (spatial and temporal), soil fertility, water availability and quality and crop responses (yield, water productivity, soil carbon, pests-diseases…) Quantification of key indicators for decision making at the proper scale 1.3 ha Farmers
  12. 12. icarda.org 12 For spatial ex ante and ex post Impact Assessment Assessment of Food and Feed Water limited production of the agro-ecosystems in central Asia, using satellite- based Vegetation, Crop Models and climate data Quantification of Land, Water and Nitrogen Productivity for improved crop, soil and water management options at farm to landscape scales Impact of climate change: occurrence of the dry spells and drought events its impact on the productivity and dynamics of the grazing lands Assessment of land degradation and desertification: spreading northward on spatial scales and steadily increasing trends on the temporal scales
  13. 13. icarda.org 13 Upscaling to Food Systems at the National Level RSB Wheat (Feddans) Food Policy Target ? ? ? → Ex ante Multiscale and Multicriteria Assessment of Innovation to inform Policies
  14. 14. icarda.org 14 Towards a CGIAR Platform for the Drylands
  15. 15. 15The DryArc Initiative A Global Interface To support policies and innovation in the Drylands CRPs CGIAR Centers Public Sector NARS, ARIS, Univ. Private sector Knowledge management (KMT) Data, maps, climate scenarios (MT) Framework and models for integrated modelling and assessment of agrifood systems in the drylands (IMF) Multi- criteria assessment (MAT) Research projects Informing strategic thinking and investment in R4D Stakholder capacity building Participatory approach (SIT) Proven technologies (“Innovations”) The DryArc Interface: a Combination of Tools for * Benchmarking, * Integrated Assessment * Scaling of Innovations for Dryland Agri-food systems
  16. 16. 16The DryArc Initiative A Global Interface For a new generation of projects in the Drylands of Central Asia Improve Systemic Innovation Design Out-scale and Upscale Ex ante and ex post assessment Sustainable Development Adaptation to Climate Change Knowledge Sharing Policies Stakeh olders