2. What is Job Enrichment?
Job enrichment is a method used to motivate employees by giving them greater autonomy
and variety in their careers.
The idea is to allow employees to have more say in their lives. One can tap into their natural
desire to do a good job and contribute to the company's overall objectives by doing so.
In the past, employers believed that money was the greatest motivator, and employees were
encouraged to work harder by offering them a raise or wage increase.
Despite the fact that we all have bills to pay, many employers are now realizing that there are
other less costly options that will yield equally beneficial results.
3. How can we create Job Enrichment ?
1) Skill Variety= increasing the
number of skills that individuals use
while performing work.
2) Task Identity= enabling people to
perform a job from start to finish.
3) Autonomy=increasing the degree of
decision making, and the freedom to
choose how and when work is done.
4) Task significance=providing work that
has a direct impact on the organization
or its stakeholders.
5) Feedback= increasing the amount of recognition for
doing a job well, and communicating the results of
Here are 5 motivation of creating a Job Enrichment
4. Job Enrichment Strategies
● Rotate jobs- Give your employees the opportunity to perform different tasks and use a variety of skills. Aside
from encouraging them to expand their skill set, job rotation can give employees a fresh perspective on how
other areas of the organization run.
● Comind Tasks- Another great strategy is combining work activities. This can add extra layers to an employee’s
role and help them feel challenged. For example, if you work in manufacturing and you have specific people
working in specific areas of the assembly line, you could encourage them to learn how the entire line works
instead of remaining fixed in one place all day every day.
● Share Employee Feedback- A great way to show your employees that you value them is to share regular
feedback with them. Hold regular appraisals and tell your employees whether or not you think they are
performing well. Share advice on how they can improve and give them as much guidance as possible.
● Conduct Employee Surveys- Don’t stop at giving feedback; feedback should go two ways. Make sure you
collect regular opinions from your employees to find out what they like and dislike about their job. This will
make it much easier for you to create an environment where your employees can thrive.
5. Job Enrichment Benefits
Job enrichment is used for development and satisfaction of the skilled employees which is usually taken as a
reward of good work . It is the motivational tool which allows more decision making power and work related
authority to the employees. Benefits of job enrichments are job satisfaction , enhances skills , self realization
better decision making and eliminated monotony example of job enrichment is a Human resource executive
was initially responsible for maintaining the employees record and calling the candidates for interviews
and directed by the hr manager , To add more value to the Hr Executive job’s profile , the manager gave
him some authority related to the work already assigned to him.
6. What is Equity Theory?
The Equity theory of motivation was developed by John Adams in 1963
This theory states that if an individual identifies an inequity between themselves and a peer, they can
adjust the work they do to make the situation fair in their eyes
Higher perception of inequity= more motivation
What is equity?
inputs= things an employee does to receive an output
Output: Results an employee receives as a result of their input
7. Example of Equity Theory in a workplace
Adam's Equity Theory of motivation states that employees who see an unequal situation in their workplace will feel
motivated to do better.
So, For example, Employee dissatisfaction may result if they believe they are not getting the same deal if they are
aware that a coworker is receiving a higher salary for the same amount of work.
The theory also says that employees are more motivated when there is more equity among them. Equally, inequity is
the primary cause of employee demotivation.
8. Advantages and Disadvantages of Equity
Helps in Reducing Exploitation, In terms of pay and working conditions, the business should not discriminate against employees who
perform the same type of work.
Source of Motivation, Workers are motivated when they know that everyone is treated equally and fairly because they know that if they work
together, everyone will get a raise and better working conditions, which will make their work more efficient and effective.
Better Relations between Workers, It improves working relationships because unfair and unequal treatment by a company is the most
common cause of disagreements among workers in businesses.
Difference of Perception, Workers may believe that they are working the same hours as other workers but receiving less pay. However, it is
possible that another worker, according to the company, is more effective and efficient than other workers, which is why they are receiving
Exact Comparison Difficult, We all know that every human being is unique, and employees in the company are no exception. However,
workers frequently compare themselves to others and then demand the same position or pay as other workers.
All other factors are Ignored, If workers are treated equally in every way, then it is not necessary for them to work effectively and efficiently.
9. Components of Equity Theory
The input, outcome, and comparison levels are the three main components of equity theory.
● The amount of work a person invests into a relationship is referred to as their input.
● The benefits that a person derives from a connection are referred to as an outcome.
● The term "comparison level" describes a person's desired degree of contribution and
result in a relationship.