3. Upon completion of this course, the students should able to:
Acquire the skills necessary for continuing pharmacy education and to
realize the areas where they can practice their job in the future.
This key element will be achieved through the following outcomes.
Mention different essential definitions of pharmacy and different types of
Compare between different suitable career opportunities for pharmacists.
Describe the effective collaboration between pharmacists and other health
Outline the history of pharmacy and education necessary for creating a
Use proper pharmaceutical and medical terms, abbreviations and symbols in
5. Orientation of Pharmacy
This course deals with:
Scope of pharmacy
Self care and self medication
International and national organization
Pharmacy is the art and science of preparing
and dispensing medications
and the provision of drug-related information
to the public.
Biochemistry is the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology
and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions
give rise to life.
Biochemistry is the study of
the structure and function of cellular components, such as
proteins, carbohydrates and lipids.
the chemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions
The biochemistry of cell metabolism and the endocrine
genetic code (DNA, RNA), protein synthesis, cell membrane
transport, and signal transduction.
The word "Pharmacognosy" derives from the Greek
pharmakon (drug), and gnosis (knowledge)
It deals with cultivation, collection, transportation
preservation and quality control of medicinal plants.
It includes the study of different plant organs (e.g.
leaves, fruits, flowers, stems ……etc.) in order to
demonstrate the macro- & micro-morphological
features of the plant and identify the mean natural
constituents responsible for the biological activity of
It deals with the basic knowledge of
secondary metabolites of natural origin (e.g.
the glycoside digoxin from digitalis , the
alkaloid morphine from opium).
Also their extraction, isolation, purification,
structural analysis, biosynthesis and
quantitative determination in addition to
their pharmacological actions and uses.
Toxicology (from the Greek words toxicon and logos) is the
study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.
It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and
detection of biological poisoning.
The chief criterion regarding the toxicity of a chemical is the
dose. It's safe to say that almost all substances are toxic under
the right conditions.
Many substances regarded as poisons are toxic only indirectly.
An example is methanol, which is not poisonous itself, but is
chemically converted to toxic formaldehyde in the liver.
17. Clinical Pharmacy
Science dealing with:
- drug therapy selection.
- dosage calculation depending on pharmacokinetic
- interpretation of laboratory tests and physical
assessment used to evaluate:
drug response, adverse effects and primary
18. Organic Chemistry
Involves the study of:
the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and
preparation of organic chemical compounds
organic compounds consist primarily of carbon and hydrogen,
which may contain nitrogen, oxygen, halogens as well as
phosphorus, silicon and sulfur.
Basic course to understand organic structures for the higher
level courses and comprehend how functional groups affect
the properties of molecules.
19. Analytical Chemistry
Analytical chemistry is the analysis of material samples to gain
an understanding of their chemical composition and structure
Analytical chemistry can be split into two main types,
qualitative and quantitative:
Qualitative inorganic analysis seeks to establish the presence
of a given element or inorganic compound in a sample.
Qualitative organic analysis seeks to establish the presence
of a given functional group or organic compound in a sample.
Quantitative analysis seeks to establish the amount of a
given element or compound in a sample.
20. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Is the intersection of chemistry and pharmacy .
The identification, synthesis and
development of new chemical entities
suitable for therapeutic use.
The study of existing drugs, their biological
properties, and their quantitative structure-
Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy which deals with
turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a medication able to be
safely and effectively used by patients in the community.
Branches of pharmaceutics include:
Pharmacokinetics deals with Liberation, Absorption, Distribution
Metabolism and Elimination of a drug
Biopharmaceutics deals with relationship between:
1) physicochemical properties of the drug
3) dosage form 2) route of administration
and bioavailability of the drug (its rate and extent of absorption)
Science deals with
Microscopic or ultramicroscopic structure,
actions of viable microorganisms as bacteria,
virus, fungi, parasites infections, sterilization,
Science deals with
All measures needed to protect the health of
community, which extends to infection
problems of pollution, wastes, ……etc.