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Question 1:
The parallel concept of tort in Shariah is
jinayah and its scope includes tort
against human body and person a...
Definition of Tort & Islamic Tort
O Generally tort is a legal term for all the
prohibited acts committed either upon the
p...
Definition of Jinayat
Divided into 2:
O General meaning: prohibited actions
according to shara’ which are commited
against...
Concept of tort and
jinayat in
Quran & Hadith
Quran
1) An-Nisa:32
‫وال‬‫تتمنوا‬‫ما‬‫فضل‬‫هللا‬‫به‬‫بعضكم‬‫على‬‫بعض‬‫للرجل‬‫نصي‬‫ب‬‫مما‬
‫اكتسبوا‬‫وللنساء‬‫نصيب‬‫مما‬‫اك...
2) Surah as-syura :40
‫مثلها‬ ‫ّئة‬‫ي‬‫س‬ ‫ّئة‬‫ي‬‫وجزؤاس‬
The recompense for an injury is an injury
equal thereto
3) Sura...
Hadith
O‫يومكم‬ ‫كحرمة‬ ‫حرام‬ ‫عليكم‬ ‫وأعراضكم‬ ‫وأموالكم‬ ‫دماءكم‬ ‫إن‬
‫هذا‬ ‫شهركم‬ ‫في‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫بلدكم‬ ‫في‬ ‫هذا‬
You...
O‫ترد‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫أخذت‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اليد‬ ‫على‬
It is incumbent upon a person who takes a thing
from another to return the thing to ...
Conclusion
O There are differences between English
Law of Tort and Islamic Law of Tort.
Islamic law of Tort covered widely...
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Parallel Concept of Tort in Shariah and its Scope

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Subjek: Islamic Law of Tort
Tahun: 2015
Semester 2 (2014/2015)

Parallel Concept of Tort in Shariah and its Scope

  1. 1. Question 1: The parallel concept of tort in Shariah is jinayah and its scope includes tort against human body and person and trespass to property. Explain the concept of tort and ‘jinayah’ with reference to Quranic verses and hadith. By: Hanis-Maryam-Fatehah-Adibah
  2. 2. Definition of Tort & Islamic Tort O Generally tort is a legal term for all the prohibited acts committed either upon the person or property. It is an infringement of a private right belonging to an individual. O Definition tort in Islam: the Arabic word of tort is generally jinayat which applied to injuries illegally inflicted on the human body whether such injuries have caused death, grievous hurt or merely simple hurt.
  3. 3. Definition of Jinayat Divided into 2: O General meaning: prohibited actions according to shara’ which are commited against the human body (nafs) or property (mal) O Specific meaning: aggression against the human person or his limbs such as murder, bodily injury, beating, wilfull abortion, which is punishable by hudud or qisas or diyah.
  4. 4. Concept of tort and jinayat in Quran & Hadith
  5. 5. Quran 1) An-Nisa:32 ‫وال‬‫تتمنوا‬‫ما‬‫فضل‬‫هللا‬‫به‬‫بعضكم‬‫على‬‫بعض‬‫للرجل‬‫نصي‬‫ب‬‫مما‬ ‫اكتسبوا‬‫وللنساء‬‫نصيب‬‫مما‬‫اكتسبن‬‫وسئلو‬‫هللا‬‫من‬‫فضل‬‫ه‬‫إن‬‫هللا‬‫كان‬ ‫بكل‬‫شىء‬‫عليما‬ Explanation by Mawdudi: Man is naturally inclined to feel uneasy whenever he sees someone else ahead of him. This is the root of jealousy and envy, of cut- throat competition and animosity to obliterate all differences between human beings, he in fact engages in a war against nature and inflicts wrong of another kind.
  6. 6. 2) Surah as-syura :40 ‫مثلها‬ ‫ّئة‬‫ي‬‫س‬ ‫ّئة‬‫ي‬‫وجزؤاس‬ The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto 3) Surah an-nahl:126 ‫به‬ ‫عوقبتم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫بمثل‬ ‫فعاقبوا‬ ‫عاقبتم‬ ‫وإن‬ And if ye do catch them out, catch them out no worse than they catch you out
  7. 7. Hadith O‫يومكم‬ ‫كحرمة‬ ‫حرام‬ ‫عليكم‬ ‫وأعراضكم‬ ‫وأموالكم‬ ‫دماءكم‬ ‫إن‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫شهركم‬ ‫في‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫بلدكم‬ ‫في‬ ‫هذا‬ Your blood, your properties and your honour are as sacred as the sacredness on this day of yours, in this city of yours and this months of yours O‫فل‬ ‫أخذه‬ ‫فان‬ ‫والجاد‬ ‫العبا‬ ‫أخيه‬ ‫متاع‬ ‫يأخذ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ألحد‬ ‫يحل‬ ‫ال‬‫يرد‬ ‫عليه‬ Nobody among you should take a chattel of his brother with or without serious intention. If anyone takes it, he should return in to him
  8. 8. O‫ترد‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫أخذت‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اليد‬ ‫على‬ It is incumbent upon a person who takes a thing from another to return the thing to the rightful possession. O‫نفس‬ ‫طيب‬ ‫بغير‬ ‫أخيه‬ ‫عصا‬ ‫يأخذ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المرئ‬ ‫يحل‬ ‫ال‬‫منه‬ It is not allowed for the man to take his brother’s stuff except with his goodwill.
  9. 9. Conclusion O There are differences between English Law of Tort and Islamic Law of Tort. Islamic law of Tort covered widely in Fiqh Jinayat. O Islam preserve and protects the property and honour of people and lays down justice in society as a whole.
  • JavaidIslam1

    Oct. 5, 2017
  • WaqasShah8

    Jan. 13, 2017

Subjek: Islamic Law of Tort Tahun: 2015 Semester 2 (2014/2015)

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