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Channel tunnel

  1. The Channel Tunnel
  2. The Channel Tunnel, often called the Euro Tunnel or the Chunnel, is a railway tunnel that lies underneath the water of the English Channel and connects the island of Great Britain with mainland France.
  3. The Channel Tunnel history current situation the future
  4. I. History •as early as 1802 plans were being made for an alternate route across the English Channel •This first plan, made by French engineer Albert Mathieu Favier •In 1984, French president Francois Mitterrand and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher agreed that a link across the English Channel would be beneficial and decided to have a contest •The proposal that was accepted was the plan for the Channel Tunnel, submitted by the Balfour Beatty Construction Company
  5. Graham Fagg Philippe Cozette December 1, 1990
  6. •On December 10, 1993, the first test run was completed through the entire Channel Tunnel •After additional fine tuning, the Channel Tunnel officially opened on May 6, 1994 •After six years of construction and $15 billion spent (some sources say upwards of $21 billion), the Channel Tunnel was finally complete.
  7. II. The Current situation 1.Channel Tunnel Length The Channel Tunnel is 31.35 miles long (about 50 km), with 24 of those miles (about 39 km) located under water 2. Cities It Travels To Channel Tunnel connects Folkestone in Great Britain with Coquelles in France 3. Time It Takes to Cross It takes a total of 35 minutes to travel across the Channel Tunnel, from terminal to terminal 4.Cost of Fare As of 2010, prices for a standard car ranged from £49 to £75 (about $78 to $120)
  8. 5.Northern Tunnel The northern running tunnel carries passengers from England to France 6.Southern Tunnel The southern running tunnel carries passengers from France to England 7.One of the biggest problem of the Channel Tunnel today Illegal immigrants
  9. III. The Future The possible future plans: •a second tunnel •The technical integration of Channel Tunnel operations with rail operations of the UK and Europe Problem they face: •slow progress in paying off its enormous debt from the construction •no one is likely to be keen to sponsor it