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Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces

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Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces
PhD presentation
María Gonzalez, UC3M
Labda Group (http://labda.inf.uc3m.es )

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces

  1. 1. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces María González PhD Program in Computer Science and Technology Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain mgonza1@inf.uc3m.es Advisor: PhD. Lourdes Moreno
  2. 2. Content Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Introduction • State of the art • Proposal • Validation • Conclusions and Future Work • Research and Development projects • Results´ dissemination • References 2
  3. 3. Introduction Motivation (I) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Multimedia content is being increased at staggering rates due to Web 2.0, social media, etc  Great increase in the number and types of users • Great number of people with disabilities who want to access this content 3
  4. 4. Introduction: Motivation (II) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • The failure to comply with accessibility standards • There are accessibility barriers within: Content: lack of alternatives like captions or audio description Software from which content is accessed: lack of mechanism to access these alternatives 4 Content Software
  5. 5. • Software Engineering’s (SE) Methodological design solution • Human-Computer Interaction’s (HCI) Standards which study the interaction between a user and a user agent Introduction: Context Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 5
  6. 6. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Introduction: Objectives 6 • The aim is to offer a design solution of user agents which delivers video content fulfilling significant requirements following accessibility standards A design solution that includes accessibility requirements in user agents using Model-Based Development (MBD) is proposed
  7. 7. • Accessibility and disability • Accessibility standards and regulations • Media players and accessibility • User interfaces design • Related work • Discussion State of the art: Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 7
  8. 8. • Disabilities which affect Web access: Visual disabilities Hearing impairments Physical disabilities Speech disabilities Cognitive and neurological disabilities Multiple disabilities Aging-related condition State of the art: Accessibility and disability Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 8
  9. 9. • Web content WCAG 2.0 [1] of WAI [2]  How to make Web content more accessible Guideline 1.2 Time-based Media  Standard (ISO/IEC 40500:2012 [3]) since 2012  Different initiatives in many countries • User agent UAAG 2.0 [4] of WAI  How to make user agents accessible to people with disabilities  How to increase the accessibility of Web content ISO 9241-171 [5]  Guidance on software accessibility State of the art: Standards and regulations (I) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 9
  10. 10. • 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA) of 2010 [6]  New guarantees to ensure that people with disabilities do not fall behind as the technology changes and advances • EN 301 549 V1.1.1: accessibility requirements regarding ICT [7]  Functional accessibility requirements regarding ICT products and services • Guidance on Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web ICT (WCAG2ICT) [8] Literature review: Standards and regulations (II) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 10
  11. 11. • Observatory of media player evolution:  First generation: Flash  Cross-browser compatibility, power and flexibility in video playback  Require a plugin, longer loading time  Second generation: HTML5 [9] • W3C Recommendation since October 2014 • Provide accessibility support • Study of CCPlayer, BBC iPlayer and YouTube [10] • Media players which support accessibility: JW Player, BSPlayer, VideoLan, Acorn Media Player or Able Player Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Literature review : Media players and accessibility 11
  12. 12. • Model-based user interface design Main models [11]:  Task Model  Domain Model  User Model  Dialog Model  Presentation Model Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Literature review: User interfaces design 12 General architecture of a model-based user interface design [11]
  13. 13. • Model Driven Development Levels of abstraction [12]  CIM  PIM  PSM  (IM) – Code Vertical transformations [13]  CIM to PIM  PIM to PSM  PSM to Code Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 13 Literature review: User interfaces design Model Driven Architecture [12]
  14. 14. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • MBUID Methodologies TRIDENT [14] Wisdom [15] IDEAS [16] CAMELEON [17] Literature review: User interfaces design 14 Simplified version of Cameleon Reference Framework [18]
  15. 15. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Literature review: User interfaces design • User Interface Description Languages (UIDL) [19] USIXML [20] XIML [21] UIML [22] MARIA [23] 15 Independence Device Platform Interaction modality Implementing technology
  16. 16. • Study of accessibility requirements: (Moreno et al., 2008), (Moreno et al., 2011), (Brunet el al., 2005), etc • Improve content accessibility: (Federico and Furini, 2012), (Wald, 2011), (Hughes et al., 2015), etc • User Interface Design approach:  MDD: (Stanciulescu et al., 2005), (Stanciulescu, 2008), (Link et al., 2008), etc  Model-based: (Chesta et al., 2004), (Melchior et al., 2011) , (Rodriguez et al., 2007), etc  Adaptive user interfaces: (Miñón et al., 2013), (Peissner et al., 2012), (Giani et al., 2012), (FP7 Serenoa Project, 2013), etc • According to the development of a graphical editor: (Mori et al., 2004), (Creissac et al., 2011), (Montenegro Marin et al., 2011), etc Literature review: Related Work 16Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces
  17. 17. • Extensive regulation on accessibility What is the problem? Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Literature review: Discussion (I) 17 Without accessibility in content and in user agent Failure to comply with standards - Lack of awareness - Lack of knowledge - Not oriented to be integrated in a development process
  18. 18. • All these lacks cause Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Literature review: Discussion (II) 18 PhD Proposal Accessibility requirements selection Abstraction of requirements A Design Proposal based on models
  19. 19. Proposal: Methodological approach Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 1 • List of accessibility requirements regarding Media Player following Accessibility Standards. 2 • Model-based Design approaches using a User Interface Description Language (UIDL) 3 • Development of a Model-based Graphical Editor that facilitates the Design FinalUserInterface:An AccessibleMediaPlayer (C2):WORKSPACE (C1):ACCESSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS 19 (C3):PROOF OF CONCEPT OBJ. OBJ.
  20. 20. Proposal (Contribution 1): Accessibility requirements (I): Native Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Name Description Subgroup Source ISO UAAG 2.0 Play Play the video content Playback 10.8.2 2.11.6 Stop Stop the video content Playback 10.8.2 2.11.6 Pause Pause the video content Playback 10.8.2 2.11.6 Resize Resize the viewports Size 10.5.8 1.8.3 Mute Enable or disable the audio content Volume 10.6.2 1.5.1 Volume Adjust the volume Volume 10.6.2 1.5.1 20 (González-García et al, 2011) INTERACCIÓN 2011, INTERACT 2011
  21. 21. Proposal (Contribution 1): Accessibility requirements (II): Additional Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Name Description Subgroup Source ISO UAAG 2.0 Rewind Delay seconds within a playback Playback 10.8.3 2.11.7 Forward Forward seconds within a playback Playback 10.8.3 2.11.7 Caption Enable or disable captions Alternatives 10.1.3, 10.7.2 1.1.2 Audio Description Enable or disable audio description Alternatives 10.1.3 1.1.2 Size Change the size of the captions Alternatives 10.7.3 1.4.1 Font Change the font of the captions Alternatives 10.7.3 1.4.1 Colour Change the colour of the captions Alternatives 10.7.3 1.4.1 Language Caption Change the language of the captions Alternatives 8.2.1 2.7.1 Language Audio Change the language of the audio description Alternatives 8.2.1 2.7.1 Help Help documentation about accessibility features Help 11.1.5 3.3.2 Find Search within playback captions Find 2.4.5 21 (González-García et al, 2011) INTERACCIÓN 2011, INTERACT 2011
  22. 22. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Requirements’ modeling using a UIDL and Cameleon Reference Framework Proposal (Contribution 2): Model-based Development • Interaction between a user and a user agentTask Model • Interaction elements structure Abstract User Interface (AUI) • Concretize an AUI for a given context of use Concrete User Interface (CUI) • Operational user interface on a particular computing platform Final User Interface (FUI) 22
  23. 23. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 23 Proposal (Contribution 2): Approaches Cameleon UsiXML Task Model AUI Model CUI Model Model driven graphical editor FUI Model MARIA Task Model AUI Model Adaptation rules Model-based graphical editor FUI Model
  24. 24. Proposal (Contribution 2): First approach (I) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 24 - UIDL: UsiXML - Approach: MDD UAAG 2.0 ISO 9241-171 Abstract user interface Task & Domain Final user interface Transformationrules Requirements Concrete user interface Model driven Graphical editor Related Work
  25. 25. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Task Model: CTT notation [24]  IdealXML [25] • AUI:  IdealXML  Abstract Container (AC)  Abstract Individual Components (AIC): input, output, control and navigation  AUI Relationships Proposal (Contribution 2): First approach (II) 25 (González-García et al, 2015) UAIS (Universal Access in the Information Society) (González-García et al, 2012) DSAI’2012
  26. 26. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • CUI:  Concrete Interactor Objects  Concrete Relationships • Model-based Graphical Editor:  Eclipse [26]: EMF and GMF Proposal (Contribution 2): First approach (III) 26 In order to guide in the design of accessible user agents which deliver video content due to problems of the lack of expertise in MDD, CUI Meta-models of UsiXML and accessibility => Model driven Graphical Editor
  27. 27. Lab Demo Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • FUI:  From CUI through Graphical Editor  An example of FUI is presented:  CUI’s design primitives are mapped into HTML5 methods Proposal (Contribution 2): First approach (IV) 27(González-García et al, 2013) JUCS (Journal of Universal Computer Science)
  28. 28. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Proposal (Contribution 2): Second approach (I) 28 Cameleon UsiXML Task Model AUI Model CUI Model Model driven graphical editor FUI Model MARIA Task Model AUI Model Adaptation rules Model-based graphical editor FUI Model
  29. 29. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Proposal (Contribution 2): Second approach (II) 29 UAAG 2.0 ISO 9241-171 Abstract user interface Task & Domain Final user interface Transformationrules Requirements Concrete user interface Model-based Graphical editor Related Work Adaptationrules FUI_adaptation_rule_1 FUI_adaptation_rule_2 FUI_adaptation_rule_3 FUI_adaptation_rule_4 - UIDL: MARIA - Approach: MBD
  30. 30. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Task Model:  Same Task Model  CTTE [27] • AUI:  MARIAE [28]  Presentations • Interactor Compositions: grouping, relation, composite description and repeater • Interactors: selection, edit, only output and control • Adaptation rules  ECA rules (action, condition, event) based on type of access/user groups Proposal (Contribution 2): Second approach (III) 30 Selection Single Choice Edit Numerical Control Navigator Control Activator LanguageAudio, Size, Color, Font and LanguageCaption Volume Find and Help Play, Stop, Rewind, Forward, Resize, Mute, AudioDescription and Caption
  31. 31. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces • Analysis of types of access and user groups with disabilities Proposal (Contribution 2): Second approach (IV) Types of access / groups with disabilities Resources necessary to access Required accessibility elements (CUI design primitives) Rule Code Access visual and auditory/ simplified user interface (essential) Playback and volume elements Buttons: Play, Stop, Rewind, Forward and Mute Slider: Volume 1 Access visual / Auditory impairment Playback, help, volume and caption elements Buttons: Play, Stop, Rewind, Forward, Mute and Caption Select menu: Font, Color, Size and LanguageCaption Navigator: Find and Help Slider: Volume 2 Access Auditory / Visual impairment Playback, help, volume and audio description elements Buttons: Play, Stop, Rewind, Forward, Mute and AudioDescription Select menu: LanguageAudio Navigator: Help Slider: Volume 3 Access visual and auditory/ user interface with all the elements Playback, help, volume, caption* and audio description** elements Buttons: Play, Stop, Rewind, Forward, Mute, Caption* and AudioDescription** Select menu: Font*, Color*, Size*, LanguageCaption* and LanguageAudio** Navigator: Find* and Help Slider: Volume 4/5 31
  32. 32. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Proposal (Contribution 3): Authoring tool support (I) 32 In order to facilitate the design of a user agent which delivers video content to experts and no experts in the field of modeling or even accessibility and integrate adaptation rules => Model-based Graphical Editor Previous knowledge Specific technology UAAG 2.0 ISO 9241-171 Requirements Related Work
  33. 33. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Proposal (Contribution 3): Authoring tool support (II) 33 • Review: Standards (previous and ATAG 2.0) and accessible software technology (Java) • Requirements: Functional and non-functional Editor Design view Palette Development view Media player Contextual help Menu
  34. 34. Lab Demo Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Proposal (Contribution 3): Authoring tool support (III) 34(González-García et al, 2015) ASSETS 2015
  35. 35. Validation: Points to validate Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 35 H1 • Accessibility Requirements are sustained at abstraction levels of Cameleon Reference Framework H2 • The design solution based on models allows accomplishing the media player design H3 • The model-based graphical editor allows the generation of an accessible media player TO EVALUATE CONTRIBUTION 2 TO EVALUATE CONTRIBUTION 1 TO EVALUATE CONTRIBUTION 3
  36. 36. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 36 Validation: How to validate (I) H1 • Check if accessibility requirements and their semantic will be satisfied according to design primitives and relationships at each of the abstraction levels of Cameleon Reference Framework Native Additional Play/Pause, Stop, Resize, Mute and Volume Rewind, Forward, Caption, AudioDescription, Size, Font, Color, LanguageCaption, LanguageAudio, Help and Find
  37. 37. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 37 Validation: How to validate (II) H2 • Lab demos will be accomplished using this proposal and its integration in the research project Cameleon UsiXML Task Model AUI Model CUI Model Model driven graphical editor FUI Model MARIA Task Model AUI Model Adaptation rules Model-based graphical editor FUI Model
  38. 38. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 38 Validation: How to validate (III) H3 • An exploratory study oriented to prove that the model- based graphical editor can be used by every professional independently of her/his knowledge about accessibility or modeling Exploratory study Participants 14 Stimuli Model-based graphical editor Procedure Information Task accomplishment Survey User experience Task accomplishment Personal data
  39. 39. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 39 Validation: Results (I) H1 • Transform accessibility requirements through the different models of Cameleon • The positive results of the user agent accessibility assessment obtained when the graphical editor is used
  40. 40. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 40 Validation: Results (II) H2 • The models provided fulfil their objectives. • The two lab demos accomplished using the graphical editor of each approach • The integration of this proposal in a research project UsiXML MARIA
  41. 41. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 41 Validation: Results (III) H3 • Qualitative data obtained from the justifications of the closed questions • Quantitative data obtained from the user experience and the accomplishment of the tasks (100%) Task accomplishment responding to the necessities (~28%) Use of profiles (100%) Easy to use (~7%) Use of contextual help (100%) Recommend the use of the graphical editor (100%) Technical participant agreed on the editor’s usefulness Time of accomplishing tasks Qualities: technical or human; complex or simple; impractical or practical; tricky or direct; umpredictable or predictable; confusing or clear; dificult to control or manageable
  42. 42. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 42 Validation: Results (IV) H3 • Qualitative data obtained from the justifications of the closed questions • Quantitative data obtained from the user experience and the accomplishment of the tasks 4,286 6,357 6,214 6,357 6,071 6,643 6,714 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Mark Quality Lowest mark Highest mark Average Average time of accomplishment of the tasks Results of the user experience questionnaire 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 Task2 Task3 Task4 2,36 1,71 1,57 Time(minutes) Average time (minutes) / task
  43. 43. • Due to the great amount of multimedia content delivered on the Web, it is crucial that the content and software which provides it have to be accessible • Objectives which are being tackled:  Perform a literature review  Create methodological design approach • Contributions which are being obtained:  Accessibility requirements  Workspace: Model-based Design approaches oriented to experts in modeling  A graphical editor oriented to designers who are not experts in modeling neither in accessibility Conclusions Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 43
  44. 44. • Integrate a UCD approach • Incorporate different platforms with new interaction modalities • Spread the scope of the graphical editor • Update this proposal according to the evolution of accessibility standards • Provide an extension of the Doctoral Thesis proposal with an adaptive approach • Incorporate new accessibility requirements Future work Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 44
  45. 45. • This work has been influenced and has been partially supported by  The Regional Government of Madrid under the Research Network MA2VICMR [S2009/TIC-1542]  The Spanish Ministry of Education under the project MULTIMEDICA [TIN2010-20644-C03-01]  The European Commission Seventh Framework Programme under TrendMiner project [FP7- ICT287863]  The Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness under eGovernAbility project [TIN2014-52665-C2-2-R] Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 45 Research and Development projects
  46. 46. • Moreno, L., González-García, M., Martínez, P., and Iglesias, A. 2011. A study of accessibility requirements for media players on the Web. 14th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2011), Orlando, Florida, USA, July, 2011, LNCS, 6765, pp. 249-257. • Moreno, L., Martínez, P., Iglesias, A., and González-García, M. 2011, HTML5 support for an accessible user-video-interaction on the Web, INTERACT 2011. Lisboa, Portugal, September, 2011, LNCS, Springer, 6949/2011, pp. 535-539. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., Martínez, P., and Iglesias, A. 2011. Requisitos de accesibilidad web en los reproductores multimedia, Interacción 2011. Lisboa, Portugal, September, 2011, pp. 43-53. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., Martínez, P., and Iglesias, A. 2011. Web accessibility requirements for media players, INTERACT 2011. Lisboa, Portugal, September, 2011, LNCS, 6949, pp. 669-674. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Results’ dissemination: Accessibility requirements 46
  47. 47. • González-García, M., Miñon, R., Moreno, L., Martínez, P., and Abascal, J. 2013. A model-based graphical editor to design accessible media players. Journal of Universal Computer Science, Volume19, Nº 18, pp. 2656-2676. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., and Martínez, P. 2015. Approach design of an accessible media player. Universal Access in the Information Society, Springer, Volume 14, Number 1, pp. 45-55. DOI: 10.1007/s10209-013-0342- z. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., and Martínez, P. 2015. A Model-Based Tool to develop an Accessible Media Player. ASSETS '15, Lisboa, Portugal, October, 2015. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., and Martínez, P. 2014. Adaptation rules for Accessible Media Player Interface. Interacción 2014, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, September, 2014, Article Nº 5. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces Results’ dissemination: Methodological design approach (I) 47
  48. 48. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., and Martínez, P. 2014. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interface. The first ACM womENcourage Conference, Manchester, United Kingdom, January, 2014. • González-García, M., Moreno, L., and Martínez, P. 2012. An approach to User Interface Design of an accessible user agent. DSAI 2012, Douro Region, Portugal, July, Elsevier, 14, pp. 254-262. Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces 48 Results’ dissemination: Methodological design approach (II)
  49. 49. References (I) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces [1] WCAG 2.0. 2008. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0. http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/. [2] WAI. 2010. Web Accessibility Initiative. http://www.w3.org/WAI/. [3] ISO. 2012. International Organization for Standardization, ISO 40500:2012, Information technology -- W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0). http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=58625. [4] W3C. 2013. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 2.0. http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG20/. [5] ISO. 2008. International Organization for Standardization, ISO 9241-171:2008, Ergonomics of human-system interaction (Guidance on software accessibility). http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=39080. [6] CVAA. 2010. Federal Communications Commission, Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act. http://www.fcc.gov/guides/21st- century-communications-and-video-accessibility-act-2010. [7] ETSI. 2014. EN 301 549 V11.1, Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe. http://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_en/301500_301599/301549/01.01.01_60/en_301549v010101p.pdf. [8] W3C. 2015. Guidance on Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies (WCAG2ICT). http://www.w3.org/TR/wcag2ict/. [9] W3C, HTML5. 2014. A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML and XHTML. http://www.w3.org/TR/html5/. [10] Moreno, L., González-García, M., Martínez, P., and Iglesias, A. 2011. A study of accessibility requirements for media players on the Web. 14th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2011), Orlando, Florida, USA, July, 2011, Springer Computer Science Editorial, Volume: LNCS 6765, pp. 249-257. [11] Schlungbaum, E. 1996. Model-based User Interface Software Tools. Current state of declarative models. GVU Technical Report; GIT-GVU-96-30. Georgia Institute of Technology. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/3516. [12] Truyen, F. 2006. WhitePaper: The Fast Guide to Model Driven Architecture. The Basics of Model Driven Architecture. http://www.omg.org/mda/mda_files/Cephas_MDA_Fast_Guide.pdf. [13] Kardoš, M. and Drozdová, M. 2010. Analytical Method of CIM to PIM Transformation in Model Driven Architecture (MDA). Journal of Information & Organizational Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 1, Pages: 89-99. [14] Bodart, F.,Hennebert, A.M., Leheureux, J.M., Sacre, I., and Vanderdonckt, J. 1993. Architecture Elements for Highly-Interactive Business-Oriented Applications. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 153, L. Bass, J. Gornostaev & C. Unger (éds.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 83-104. [15] Nunes, N., and Cunha, J. 2000. Wisdom: a UML based Architecture for Interactive Systems. In Interactive Systems: Design, Specification, and Verification. 7th International Workshop DSV-IS, Limerick, Ireland, June, 2000. Ph. Palanque and F. Paternò (Eds.). LNCS Vol. 1946, Springer. [16] Lozano, M.D., Montero, F., and González, P. 2004. Usability and Accessibility Oriented Development Process. Actas de la I Jornada sobre Metodologías de Desarrollo de Interfaces de Usuario Dinámicas. [17] Calvary, G., Coutaz, J., Bouillon, L., Florins, M., Limbourg, Q., Marucci, L., Paternò, F., Santoro, C., Souchon, N., Thevenin, D. and Vanderdonckt, J. 2002. The CAMELEON Reference Framework, deliverable 1.1. http://giove.isti.cnr.it/projects/cameleon/pdf/CAMELEON%20D1.1RefFramework.pdf. [18] W3C. 2014. Introduction to Model-Based User Interfaces. http://www.w3.org/TR/mbui-intro/ [19] UIDL. User Interface Description Languages, http://www.uidl.net. [20] USIXML. 2003.USer Interface eXtensible Mark-up Language, http://www.usixml.eu/. [21] MarcAbrams, M. and Phanouriou, C. 1999. UIML: An XML Language for Building Device-Independent User Interfaces. In Proceedings of XML’99, Philadelphia. December 1999. [22] Puerta, A. and Eisenstein, J. 2002. XIML: a common representation for interaction data. In Proceedings of the 7th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces (IUI '02). Pages: 214-215. [23] MARIA. 2013. Model-based language for interactive applications. http://giove.isti.cnr.it/tools/MARIA/home. 49
  50. 50. References (II) Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces [24] W3C. 2012. ConcurTaskTrees. http://www.w3.org/2012/02/ctt/ [25] Montero, F., and Lopez, V.M. 2007. Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V, Springer, Holanda, pp. 245-252. [26] Eclipse. 2001. www.eclipse.org [27] CTTE. 2013. ConcurTaskTrees Environment. http://giove.isti.cnr.it/tools/CTTE/home. [28] MARIAE. 2013. Model-based language for interactive applications environment. http://giove.isti.cnr.it/tools/MARIAE/home. 50
  51. 51. ‘‘Integration of Accessibility Requirements in the Design of Multimedia User Agents Interfaces’’ María González PhD Program in Computer Science and Technology Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain mgonza1@inf.uc3m.es 51

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