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Interior Design - Module 6: Accessories

  1. ACCESSORIES Module 3 Interior Design Mr. Harrison
  2. INTRODUCTON •Accessory: decorative or functional items that add the finishing touches to a chosen home style. Accessories are used as focal points and enhance the style of the room. •Examples: • Plants and floral arrangements • Pictures and wall hangings • Book shelves and books • Ornaments • Collections • Candles • Lamps • Pillows and cushions • Artwork • Mirrors
  3. INTRODUCTION • Functional Accessories: Accessories that are useful  Ex. Lamp: provides light  Ex. Clock: Keep time • Decorative Accessories: For esthetic purposes  Pictures. Sculptures, flowers
  4. PICTURES • Paintings, photographs, art/ craft pieces, posters, drawings • Frames and mattings can enhance the appearance of both the picture and its relationship to the room • Pictures are most effective in creating the mood and personality of a room
  5. HANGING PICTURES •Guidelines to consider when hanging photos: • Hang pictures at eye level • Balance the proportions of the picture, wall space, and furniture • Complement the wall color and texture • Take advantage of lighting • Group pictures together • Use appropriate hardware •.
  6. LIGHTING •Good lighting is important in a home. It determines the character of objects and spaces •Reasons for good lighting: • Safety • Comfort to the eye • Appearance
  7. SOURCES OF LIGHT •Natural Day light (from the sun) •Artificial illumination (light source produced by electrical means) •Incandescent (emitting light as a result of being heated) •Fluorescent (light consisting of glass tube containing gas) •Halogen (uses a halogen gas to increase both light output and rated life) •Neon (gas discharge lamp in which the electrical discharge takes place through a mixture of gases containing a large proportion of neon)
  9. CONTROL OF LIGHT 1. Transmitted Light: light that passes through a substance 2. Absorbed Light: Light energy hitting the surface is converted to heat energy  Remember darker objects absorb more light than lighter objects 3. Reflected Light: light that bounces off a surface  All objects reflect some light to be visible
  10. LOCATION AND DIRECTION OF LIGHT 1. Diffused light: produced by extensive areas that emit light. It is softer, illuminating an entire space and does not cast harsh shadows.  Ex. Sky in day-time or a field of artificial lighting 2. Directed Lighting: emitted from point light sources. Produces shadows and reflections  Ex. Sun or compact light sources 3. Accent lighting: concentrated light with the intention of drawing the eye to its focal point. Illuminate the pieces you want on display and shadows dull areas
  11. COLOR OF LIGHT •The color temperature of a light bulb determines whether white light will have a yellowish or blueish tint •Warm light is yellow and cool light is blue •The higher the temperature, the cooler the light •Warm light is best in environments where we like to be comfortable and relaxed •Cool light is used in shops and workplaces where you want to be able to see clearly and where you are concentrating
  12. PSYCHOLOGY AND LIGHT •Adequate amount of light improves mood and energy levels, while poor lighting contributes to depression and other deficiencies in the body •The amount and type of lighting directly affect concentration, appetite, mood, and many other aspects of daily life •Taking advantage of sunlight during the day and avoiding direct exposure to cold or blue light at bedtime can improve quality of sleep and positively affect people’s well-being and productivity
  13. TYPES OF LIGHTING FIXTURES 1. Structural Lighting (built into a building)  Valence lighting  Cornice lighting  Cove lighting  Soffit lighting  Strip lights  Luminous celing and wall panels  Recessed down lights  Wall washers  Track lighting  Wall bracket  Luminous Wall and Celing  Spotlights
  14. TYPES OF LIGHTING FIXTURES 2. Non-structural lighting  Portable table or floor lamps  Moveable spotlights  Criteria for choosing portable lamps (consider amount and quality of light needed for its use)  Shade, shape, and size  Bulb position  Diffusing bowl  Shade liner  Harmony with décor  Cost  Ease of cleaning  Wattage
  15. CONTROLLING LIGHTS 1. Dimmers: used to lower the brightness of light 2. Timers: turns lights on/ off based on the times you set 3. Diffusers: scatters light to transmit soft light 4. New Technologies:  Ex. Phone apps to control lighting  Ex. Voice Activation Ie. Alexa
  16. FIREPLACES •Factors to consider: • Location -Air circulation • Personal preferences -safety • Footings • Focal points • Heating efficiency • Traffic patterns • Size of the room and fireplace • Style (traditional, modern) • Function (eg. Heat, cooking, decorating) • Energy source • Venting
  17. FIREPLACES •Types of energy used: 1. Wood • Pros: • Ambiance • Can provide warmth if electricity goes out • Cons: • Buy/ chop own firewood , annual maintenance • Unsafe to burn unattended • Not efficient
  18. FIREPLACES 2. Gas Fireplaces • Pros: • Instant, immediate gratification • Efficient • Minimal maintenance • If electricity goes out, can use to keep warm • Cons: • Cost can be high to install • Missing genuine fire effect
  19. FIREPLACES 3. Electric Fireplaces •Pros: • Least expensive • Easy to install and source • Highly portable • Ideal for tight spaces •Cons: • Fires very obviously fake • During a power outage, they wont work • Heat provided costly • Limited styles
  20. FIREPLACES Types of materials used in building fireplaces:  Wood  Brick  Stone  Metal  Marble  Concrete  Plaster  Stucco  Tile Parts of a fireplace

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