• It is capacity to have new thoughts , create
new things and new expression.
• It is a new way of looking at problems.
• It is the ability to generate novel and useful
ideas and solution to everyday problems and
• It is the process through which something is
produced or constructed by original thought.
• It relate to creation of new device, product,
method or process [or]
• It may be an incremental improvement to a
known product or process.
• It is something that already existed but had
not been found.
• It is already existing in nature and should not
belong to any particular individual where as
invention is man made.
• It is observation of previously unnoticed
• It is successful exploitation of new ideas.
• Implementation is the key to innovation.
• It is implementing the creative idea and
benefiting from it.
• It refers to the translation of the invention into
a marketable product or process.
12. Protection and encouraging inventions
• Inventions are important to all of us that we
should encourage potential and talented
inventors to keep inventing.
• Patent implies transfer of ownership whereas
licensing implies only permission to use the
licensed invention under specific conditions.
• Inventions that are not patented can be
copied, sold and distributed by anybody.
13. • Without patent inventors may miss the money
that they could have earned from their
• When inventors do not patent their inventions
the new knowledge or technological information ,
which led to those particular inventions
sometimes does not get shared more widely.
• In some case it may limit the availability of new
technology to other scientists and inventors.
Intellectual property (IP) refers to
the creations of the human mind
like inventions, literary and artistic
works, and symbols, names,
images and designs used in
18. Intellectual property is divided into
Industrial property, which includes inventions
(patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and
geographic indications of source.
Copyright, which includes literary and artistic
works such as novels , poems and plays, films,
musical works, artistic works such as drawings,
paintings, photographs and sculptures, and
19. • it encompasses four separate and distinct
types of unnoticeable property namely —
• Trade Secrets
• which collectively are referred to as
20. The most noticeable difference between
intellectual property and other forms of
property, however, is that intellectual
property is intangible, that is, it cannot be
defined or identified by its own physical
parameters. It must be expressed in some
discernible way to be protectable.
21. • In recent times,
• geographical indications,
• protection of plant varieties,
• protection for semi-conductors and integrated
undisclosed information have been brought
under the umbrella of intellectual property.
• In 1474 a Venetian (northern Italy] Law
was made for the first time is the cradle
of the Intellectual Property system.
• The first systematic attempt to protect
inventions by a form of patent, which
granted an exclusive right to an
23. In the same century,
the invention of
movable type and the
printing press by
contributed to the
origin of the first
copyright system in the
• The International Intellectual Property system
also started to take shape with the setting up of
the Paris Convention for the Protection of
Industrial Property in 1883 .
• The Berne Convention for the Protection of
Literary and Artistic Works in 1886.
• creators are given the right to prevent others
from using their inventions, designs or other
creations. These rights are known as intellectual
• The roots of the World Intellectual Property
Organization go back to the year 1883, when
Johannes Brahms was composing his third
• Robert Louis Stevenson was writing Treasure
• John and Emily Roebling were completing
construction of New York’s Brooklyn Bridge.
The need for international protection of
intellectual property became evident when
foreign exhibitors refused to attend the
International Exhibition of Inventions in
Vienna in 1873 because they were afraid
their ideas would be stolen and exploited
commercially in other countries.
The year 1883 marked the origin of the Paris
Convention for the Protection of Industrial
Property, the first major international treaty
designed to help the people of one country
obtain protection in other countries for their
intellectual creations in the form of industrial
property rights, known as inventions (patents);
trademarks; industrial designs.
28. • In the year 1886, copyright also entered the
international arena with the Berne Convention
for the Protection.
• 1893, these two small bureaux united to form
an international organization called the United
International Bureau (BIRPI) for the Protection
of Intellectual Property. The BIRPI indeed was
the predecessor of the World Intellectual
WIPO was established by the WIPO
Convention in 1967 with a mandate from
its Member States to promote the
protection of IP throughout the world
through co-operation among states and in
collaboration with other international
organizations. Its headquarters are in
• Copyright and related rights (i.e. the rights of performers,
producers of sound recordings and broadcasting
• Trade marks including service marks;
• Geographical indications including appellations of origin;
• Industrial designs;
• Patents including protection of new varieties of plants;
• The lay-out designs (topographies) of integrated circuits;
• The undisclosed information including trade secrets and
31. Patent –in INDIA
• In India Patent Act was introduced in the
year 1856 which remained in force for
over 50 years, which was subsequently
• After Independence a comprehensive bill
on patent rights was enacted in the year
1970 and was called "The Patents Act,
32. In India,
• Copyrights were regulated under the
Copyright Act, 1957;
• patents under Patents Act, 1970;
• trade marks under Trade and
Merchandise Marks Act 1958;
• and designs under Designs Act, 1911.
33. • These included: Trade Marks, called the Trade
• Designs Act, 1911 was replaced by the Designs
Act, 2000; the Copyright Act, 1957 amended a
• number of times, the latest is called Copyright
(Amendment) Act, 2012
34. • The Paris Convention entered into force in
1884 with 14 member States, which set up an
International Bureau to carry out
administrative tasks, such as organizing
meetings of the member States.In the year
1886, copyright also enter