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Open source business models for FOSSASIA 2015

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Open source business models for FOSSASIA 2015

  1. 1. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM1 Gilles Gravier Choosing the right license and business model to keep your company alive Director, Open Source Practice
  2. 2. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM2 Bn Revenue in FY 2013-14 (IT Services) $ 6.6 Active Global Clients (150+ fortune 500 customers) 1018** No.1* Countries (175+cities across 6 continents) 60** Sustained Growth Partner to Industry Leaders Global Leader Global Presence Workforce 156,866** Software & Services category in DJSI *Global leader in the Software & Services category. Index member of Dow Jones Sustainability Indices – 5th year in a row Winner of the CIO-100 2013 Award Recognized as ‘One of the Most Ethical Companies’ by Ethisphere Institute 2014 **Figures based on Q3 results 2014–15 for Global IT Services business Wipro Today… Attracts the Best Talent
  3. 3. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM3 Agenda What Kind Of Developer Are You Defining Open Source - Code Defining Open Source – Licenses / Categories Hosting Your Code And Development Business Models
  4. 4. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM4 What kind of developer are you? Hobbyist Doing it for fun in your spare time For the glory To use some code for your project User/patcher You use the software, find bugs or need improvements You provide fixes / updates Corporate contributor Payed by your company to write something useful for them Project developer Funded by the project to develop code Contributed by an organisation
  5. 5. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM5 Defining Open Source - Code double stir_clock(double entropy_estimate) { #ifdef HAVE_CLOCK clock_t c; c = clock(); RAND_add(&c, sizeof(c), entropy_estimate); return entropy_estimate; #else /* _HAVE_CLOCK */ return 0; #endif /* _HAVE_CLOCK */ } 011011010010000001100010011011110111 010101111001011000010110111001110100 001011100000110100001010000011010000 101001010100011010000110010100100000 011011010110100101101110011001000010 000001100010011011110110011101100111 011011000110010101110011001110110010 000001110111011010000110111100100111 011100110010000001100010011001010110 100001101001011011100110010000100000 011101000110100001100101001000000110 011101101111011001110110011101101100 011001010111001100111111010000110110 110001100001011010010111001001110110 011011110111100101100001011011100111 010000111010001000000100100100100111 011011010010000001100010011011110111 010101111001011000010110111001110100 001011100000110110011001110110010000 001110111011010000110111100100111011 100110010000001100010101000111010101 101 Source Binary
  6. 6. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM6 Defining Open Source - Licenses 1. Free Redistribution of Source Code 2. Source Code Available 3. Allows Derived Works 4. Allows Integrity of Author's Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License with Code 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10.License Must Be Technology-Neutral http://www.opensource.org/licenses/
  7. 7. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM7 Defining Open Source – License Categories Non-Reciprocal (non-copyleft) “Attribution” licenses Fewest requirements, unrestricted scope of use. Unrestricted development of derived works Examples: Apache: Android, Tomcat BSD: Sudo, FreeBSD ISC: Ripple File-Level Reciprocal (weak copyleft) Community fostering licenses Files derived from common files must be shared with the commons. Other derived works may be licensed in any manner. Examples: MPL: Mozilla, LibreOffice 4.0 and above LGPL: LibreOffice 3.6 and before Project-Level Reciprocal (strong copyleft) Project fostering licenses Most requirements: seeks to propagate open source. All work (including derived works) must be shared with the commons. Examples: GPL: Linux AGPL : Funambol CERN OHL : Easy Φ
  8. 8. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM8 Summary An open source license gives you permission in advance to innovate via using, studying, improving and sharing the code http://choosealicense.com/
  9. 9. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM3 Agenda What Kind Of Developer Are You Defining Open Source - Code Defining Open Source – Licenses / Categories Hosting Your Code And Development Business Models
  10. 10. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM10 Open Source Business Models 1. “Dual” License Differentiation of open source and commercial Add value to base & sell 2. Subscription Combined offering of software and support 3. Hosted Software as a service With or without data 4. Services Consulting, Training… Enterprise integration consulting 5. Embedded Use as a minor part within another product 6. Stewardship / Sponsorship / Funding Drives standards, developer capture
  11. 11. © 2015 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM11 Gilles Gravier gilles.gravier@wipro.com Director, Open Source Practice

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