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Innovative Geography Teaching Grant Presentation

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Alan Parkinson and Peter Knight
GA Conference 2018

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Innovative Geography Teaching Grant Presentation

  4. 4. WEBSITE : A ‘WORK IN PROGRESS’ https://aparkinson51.wixsite.com/inspirationalplaces
  6. 6. PREVIOUS PROJECTS FUNDED BY THIS GRANT 2001 – GeoBlogs 2005 – Google Earth Users Guide 2006 – Geography of Happiness (with others) 2015 - LondonMapper And this project
  8. 8. APPLICATION A’ level teachers are currently teaching new exam specifications for the first time. The addition of ‘new’ areas including Global Governance has caused some concern. One area frequently included in requests for support on online forums and Facebook support groups is the Changing Places topic. I worked on a chapter in the CUP ‘A’ level textbook on this topic, and enjoyed revisiting themes first introduced in the OCR Pilot GCSE course. For some years, Dr. Peter Knight teaches a unit called ‘Inspirational Landscapes’ as a third year undergraduate module (level 6) as part of the BA and BSc Hons Geography degree pathways at Keele University. This introduces students to creative ways of interpreting, and (re)presenting place, with parallels to ideas on the new specifications. It is mentioned in this ‘Geographical’ article: http://geographical.co.uk/uk/uk/item/941-geographys-unique-appeal
  9. 9. 1. Inspiring Landscapes – Keele University It was Proust who said ‘the real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes’. The idea of new eyes is central to this cross-curricular module at Keele University. Bringing different disciplines of art together, Inspirational Landscapes encourages students to look at the world through the eyes of geographers as well as the eyes of artists, novelists, poets and explorers. Made for creatives, the course is purely project-based and students are free to draw aspects from their own interests such as music, film and literature into their work.
  10. 10. ‘So far, I have not managed to push the envelope to breaking point’ says Dr Peter Knight, the module's convenor. ‘The students have to tie their mountain biking or music or dressmaking somehow back to the key themes of Geography and to the existing Geographical literature, but Geography is a broad church. Nobody has yet come up with a topic in which we can't find Geography’. The module is taught with several sessions run by a practising artist to inject a completely different perspective on landscape, and all the guest lecturers are asked to emphasise how the world can be seen in different ways from different points of view.
  12. 12. 2007: GA CONFERENCE Give Geography its Place Image: Andrew Stacey
  13. 13. WHERE ARE YOU FROM? Near places – Places located in adjacent settlements and the wider surrounding region. In the UK, rural urban migration flows took place between cities and their surrounding countryside. Far places – Distant places Within the same country, or places in other countries often at a considerable distance away.
  16. 16. OCR ‘A’ & ‘B’ GEOGRAPHY TEXTS
  17. 17. CUP AQA ‘A’ LEVEL TEXT
  19. 19. PLACE
  21. 21. 24 GEG-30014 Inspirational Landscapes Peter Knight p.g.knight@keele.ac.uk Guest contributors: Miriam Burke, and several Keele Geographers! Lecture 1: What’s it all about? How does the module work? What is it all about?
  22. 22. 25 GEG-30014 Inspirational Landscapes Peter Knight p.g.knight@keele.ac.uk Guest contributors: Miriam Burke, and several Keele Geographers! Lecture 1: What’s it all about? How does the module work? What is it all about?
  23. 23. 26 How does this module work? See online handbook on VLE for deadlines, reading, etc Weekly 2-hour sessions weeks 1-11. Plus opportunity for extra1-hour sessions in weeks 3, 6 and 9. Follow-up discussion, reading, and thinking. NB: (i) Core Geography (places, things, ideas, theory…) (ii) People/things that are new to you (iii) Project material NB: VLE, Facebook Group, … and talk to each other. Your own project (75%) In-class test (25%): covers people/things mentioned in lectures
  24. 24. 27 What is this module? 1. Where are we going? “Extreme Geography” The purpose of University? The purpose of Geography? …The purpose of this module??
  25. 25. 28 What is this module? What can you see already? Exercise 1. (What can you see… what do you choose to notice, about this room that we are in?)
  26. 26. 29 What is this module? LANDSCAPE ARTISTS GEOGRAPHERS POETS ETC… ETC… I N S P I R E S
  27. 27. 30 What is this module? "We shall not cease from exploration And the end of all our exploring Will be to arrive where we started And know the place for the first time." T.S.Eliot from "Little Gidding" painting by Wyndham Lewis
  28. 28. 31 What is this module? "And what should they know of England who only England know?" Rudyard Kipling, from "The English Flag"
  29. 29. 32 What is this module? "The only real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes; in seeing the universe through the eyes of another, one hundred others - in seeing the hundred universes that each of them sees." Marcel Proust (wikimedia commons) Marcel Proust "À la recherche du temps perdu" (In Search of Lost Time)
  30. 30. 33 What is this module? 2. Where do we start? Landscape: the heart of geography Matthews and Herbert (2008) p.100: “Geographically, the concept of landscape refers to a part of the Earth’s surface viewed as a whole, including a set of phenomena, their characteristics, and those aspects of the biophysical and human environment that are influential. Alexander von Humboldt defined landscape as “the total character of an Earth region”. As such, it subsumes three core concepts of geography – space, place and environment – and can lay claim to providing geographers with their elusive ‘object of study’.”
  31. 31. 34 What is landscape? www.thefurtrapper.com Monument Valley discuss...
  32. 32. 35 What is landscape? "Landscape is at once an old and pleasant word in common speech and a technical term in special professions... A simple exercise will quickly reveal the problem. Take a small but varied company to any convenient viewing place overlooking some portion of city and countryside and have each, in turn, describe the "landscape" (that “stretch of country as seen from a single point,” as the dictionary defines it)... It will soon be apparent that even though we gather together and look in the same direction at the same instant, we will not – we cannot – see the same landscape." Meinig, D.W. (1979) The Beholding Eye: Ten Versions of the Same Scene. in Meinig, D.W. (ed) The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes: Geographical Essays. (OUP)
  33. 33. 36 What is landscape? Meinig's ten views of a landscape: Landscape as Nature Landscape as Habitat Landscape as Artifact Landscape as System Landscape as Problem Landscape as Wealth Landscape as Ideology Landscape as History Landscape as Place Landscape as Aesthetic
  34. 34. 37 What is landscape? www.thefurtrapper.com Monument Valley http://www.petergknight.com/deepgeography/monumentvalley.html
  35. 35. What is landscape? LOOK HARDER!! And from different points of view Exercise 1b. (What do you think the lecturer sees… what does he choose to notice, about this room that we are in?)
  36. 36. 39 A landscape by John Constable (1776-1837) John Constable. Landscape: Noon (The Hay-Wain). 1821. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK.
  37. 37. 40 Enchanted Forest, 1947. Oil on canvas, 87 1/8 x 45 1/8 inches. Peggy Guggenheim Collection. 76.2553.151. Jackson Pollock © 2007 The Pollock-Krasner Foundation/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. A landscape by Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)
  38. 38. 41 "Landscape photography is the supreme test of the photographer - and often the supreme disappointment." Ansel Adams A landscape by Ansel Adams (1902-1984)
  39. 39. 42 “…everyday life: real unaltered impressions... The street photographer freezes a moment that you will forget.” Markus Hartel A landscape by Markus Hartel http://www.markushartel.com/what-is-street-photography.html
  40. 40. 43 A landscape by Capability Brown (1716-1783) Knowsley Hall, Merseyside. Created, rather than captured??
  41. 41. 44 A “landscape” of People Can a landscape be people?
  42. 42. 45 Do buildings count as landscape?
  43. 43. 46 Can we call the sky “landscape”? ...or is it a part of landscape? Or just the background?
  44. 44. 47 How do we see past or future landscapes? Fritz Lang’s “Metropolis” (1927) The future, imagined in the past
  45. 45. 48 Natural Anthropogenic Imagined Spiritual etc… Built Grown Written Painted Musical Cinematic etc… Heard Touched Felt Seen Read etc… Different ways of classifying landscapes
  46. 46. 49 W.G.Hoskins, 1955. “The Making of the English Landscape” “One may liken the English Landscape, especially in a wide view, to a symphony, which it is possible to enjoy as an architectural mass of sound… “…but if instead of hearing merely a symphonic mass of sound we isolate the themes as they enter, to see how one by one they are intricately woven together… the total effect is immeasurably enhanced. So it is with landscapes of the historic depth and physical variety that England shows almost everywhere.” “Poets make the best topographers.”
  47. 47. 50 Gustav Mahler 1860-1911 “The symphony should be like the world: it must embrace everything." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rE CVyN5D60I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rE CVyN5D60I
  48. 48. 51 image: http://www.the-american-interest.com/ W.H.Auden 1907-1973 “Generally considered the greatest English poet of the twentieth century, his work has exerted a major influence on succeeding generations of poets on both sides of the Atlantic.” “His poetry frequently recounts, literally or metaphorically, a journey or quest, and his travels provided rich material for his verse.” Source: Academy of American Poets. http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/120
  49. 49. 52 “Because literature thrives on metaphor, it is easy to forget its origins in the real, tangible world. Auden’s love for the North Pennines was also a profoundly personal response to the landscape, and it is a matter for concern that so little research has been done on the actual locations which so powerfully prompted or mirrored the poet’s preoccupations.” Alan Myers (2004) http://www.seaham.i12.com/myers
  50. 50. 53 FACE AS LANDSCAPE (OR LANDSCAPE AS FACE) The face: “is the geometrical site of all this knowledge; it is the symbol of everything that an individual has brought with him or her as the prerequisite of their life. In it is deposited that which has dropped from the past to the bottom of his life and has become permanent features in the individual”. (Georg Simmel, 1950)
  51. 51. 54 “My skin is like a map of where my heart has been” Natasha Bedingfield “I Bruise Easily” http://www.bmi.com/images/
  52. 52. 55 “…the burning sand, the oppressive sky, the fractured, enigmatic shards of civilization which litter the desolate terrain…” P.French, 1977. “Westerns”
  53. 53. 56 “A sort of granite block, marked by life. A face made of marble.” (Sergio Leone on why he cast Charles Bronson in Once Upon a Time in the West) “As hard-baked and primitive as the monuments of Arizona that would serve as his backdrop.” (Oreste De Fornari, 1997. “The great Italian Dream of Legendary America”)
  54. 54. 57 eg Actors faces/costumes as metaphors for landscape eg (Cinematic) landscapes as metaphors for…(?) Metaphorical landscapes
  55. 55. 58 What are “inspirational” landscapes? Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. www.contactoturismo.com And what exactly do they inspire?
  56. 56. 59 Uluru (Ayers Rock) Inselberg. Tourist attraction. Sacred Ground. Research site. Film set. Home. Seen, touched, etc…
  57. 57. 60 Science & Scientists Inspired by Landscape “The main stimulus to an interest in geomorphology is an interest in visually appealing landscapes… It is almost certainly true that many practitioners of geomorphology became geomorphologists rather than soldiers, historians, engineers or accountants because they were fascinated by such phenomena as karst, dunes, reefs, glaciers or gorges.” Goudie, A.S. (2001) Geomorphology, Vol.47 p.245 Did a love of great landscapes make you into a geographer?
  58. 58. 61 “Recent writers… have heard the topographical characteristics of the English countryside morphologically represented in elements of Elgar’s musical syntax. …Elgar’s melodic writing “resembles and suggests the patterns of nature: gentle undulations of field and hedgerow, copse and dell – fruit trees planted in rows to make an orchard – the linked chain of the Malvern hills rising up suddenly out of the Severn valley – and flowing through all that landscape the curving and recurving river… Shapes in melody give back the repeating shapes of his own countryside…”” Grimley & Rushton, 2004: Cambridge Companion to Elgar. Sir Edward Elgar 1857-1935
  59. 59. 62 www.nationaltrail.co.uk/uploads/north-downs-way-trail-guide.pdf “Hardy was inspired and influenced by the landscape he imagined as "partly real, partly dream country". Our 3-day tour explores some of the locations that can be identified in his novels, and places that featured strongly in his life…” “Thomas Hardy Country, South Dorset & The Isle of Purbeck (3 Days)” www.wessexheritagetours.com
  60. 60. 63 “The Skin of the Earth” (1955) Austin Miller “The landscape has been compared to a symphony whose various elements, subtly interwoven, combine to assault the senses with a pleasure of fine sound... If this is so then a map is to the landscape as the printed score is to the symphony. To enjoy the interplay of harmonies and rhythm most of us must hear the symphony played by a full orchestra; to appreciate the blending of its elements we must go out and view the landscape” Drawing together some of the key points so far
  61. 61. EXAMPLES OF PAST PROJECTS: Impact of the Malvern Hills on Elgar's music Video diary of a walk in Wordsworth's footsteps Photomontage of the experience of Dovedale Influences of Indian landscape on fashion design Johnny Depp: face, costume and landscape Landscapes of Lord of The Rings Landscape design for computer games Disney morality enforced by Disney landscape Use of landscape images in advertising Thomas Hardy and the "Wessex" landscape Communicating climate change through music
  62. 62. 65 NB: This is not a “research” project You are not necessarily aiming to “find something out” You can aim to explore or create or review… Your project can be creative, descriptive… You must not embark on anything that needs any formal risk assessment or ethics evaluation. You must set whatever you do into a framework of previous geographical work. eg if you make a geographical landscape dance video you need to write something about previous “performance geography” work.
  63. 63. Ways of presenting your project 1. Must include SOME text / commentary and must include references to literature and a reference list. 2. Can be completely text based (essay-style project) but does not have to be. Even text-based projects will probably benefit from illustrative material. 3. Can be non-text, eg poster, video, artwork…etc, but will need some accompanying explanation or commentary and literature context. I will aim to show some example work in week 3
  64. 64. 67 CONCLUSION to Lecture 1: What to do now… 1. Decide if you really want to do this module 2. Facebook group discussion: everybody post up a picture, link or description of something you consider an “inspirational landscape” (why Facebook?) 3. Check out anything, anyone or any place that you weren’t familiar with that we mentioned in today’s lecture. Look up Pollock, Auden, Hoskins, Mahler, Meinig, etc. 4. SET READING Matthews and Herbert (2008) Chapter 1, and pages 100-104. Also look at the other key texts we’ve identified online. More than ever, your INDEPENDENT READING is important. 5. Start thinking about what you might do for your project. 6. Get together and TALK TO EACHOTHER about this module.
  67. 67. WHAT DID I DO NEXT? WEBSITE https://aparkinson51.wixsite.com/inspirationalplaces
  69. 69. SENSE OF PLACE Checklist for Urban fieldwork Developed by Claire Kyndt
  70. 70. CULTURAL LANDSCAPES The cultural landscape is everything we see in a place. It is the totality of the changes which people have brought to the natural landscape, including the architecture, infrastructure and demography of a place. It also includes the art, music (‘soundscape’) and sporting life of a place. Simon Oakes
  71. 71. SHEFFIELD’S CULTURAL LANDSCAPE You have 10 minutes to add yours
  72. 72. BRENDAN CONWAY BEATLES STORYMAP https://notredamecobham.maps.arcgis.com/apps/Cascade/index.html?appid= a4fdfbf9676d4534b62f737bc06e575d
  73. 73. SONG LYRICS Red Tide Rush Nature has some new plague To run in our streets History some new wrinkle We are doomed to repeat Fugitives at the bedroom door Lovers pause to find an open store Rain is burning on the forest floor And the red tide kisses the shore This is not a false alarm This is not a test Stay out of the sun It only burns my skin Sky full of poison And the atmosphere's too thin
  77. 77. TECHNOLOGY
  78. 78. NEAR & FAR PLACES
  82. 82. PLACE – Hunstanton / Suburbia Data Skills in Geography Royal Geographical Society http://www.rgs.org/OurWork/Schools/Teaching+resources/Key+Stage+5+resour ces/Data+skills+and+thinking+geographically/Changing+Places.htm
  83. 83. SEEING PLACES DIFFERENTLY… Image by Jack Davison
  84. 84. QUESTIONS…
  85. 85. BARRY HOLSTUN LOPEZ “How do people imagine the landscapes they find themselves in? How does the land shape the imagination of the people who dwell in it? How does desire itself, the desire to comprehend, shape knowledge?” “Arctic Dreams
  86. 86. REFERENCES GEOLIBRARY BLOG LIVINGGEOGRAPHY BLOG CULTCHA BLOG OS BLOG: https://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/blog/2018/04/mapping- new-island-april-fools-day SLIDESHARE PRESENTATION FROM GA NORFOLK BRANCH