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  1. 1. A History of Christianity Gary Thome
  2. 2. Sermon on the Mount by Cosimo Rosselli
  3. 3. The gates of Hades, Caesarea Philippi And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. (Mt 16:18)
  4. 4. Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life (Jn 6:53-54) The Last Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci “Take and eat; this is my body.” (Mt 26:26)
  5. 5. “Father, into your hands I commend my spirit” Luke 23:46
  6. 6. I am the resurrection and the life; whoever believes in me, even if he dies, will live (John 11:25)
  7. 7. Pentacost, by Jean Restout, 1732 I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to be with you always, the Spirit of truth (Jn 14:16-17) Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire, which parted and came to rest on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:3-4)
  8. 8. St. Paul preaching in Athens Woe to me if I do not preach the Gospel! (1 Cor 9:16) “Go into the whole world and proclaim the gospel to every creature. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved” (Mk 16:15-16)
  9. 9. As they were stoning Stephen, he called out, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.” Then he fell to his knees and cried out in a loud voice, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them”; and when he said this, he fell asleep. (Acts 7:59-60) Jacopo & Domenico Tintoretto, Martyrdom of St Stephen Protomartyr, 1594
  10. 10. They appointed presbyters for them in each church (Acts 14:23) A bishop must be irreproachable (1Tim 3:2)
  11. 11. The church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth. (1 Tim 3:15)
  12. 12. The communion of saints We are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses (Heb 12:1)
  13. 13. “I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, so that they may all be one. (Jn 17:20) They devoted themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to the communal life, to the breaking of the bread and to the prayers. (Acts 2:42) The Church was One United in Christ And in the Apostles One body and one Spirit, one Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God and Father of all (Eph 4:4-6)
  14. 14. Martin Luther (1493-1546) Sola fide faith alone Sola Scriptura Scripture alone Predestination Denial of transubstantiation John Calvin (1509-1564) King Henry VIII (1491-1547) The crown is supreme head of the church Tearing Apart the Unity
  15. 15. Sola fide “a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.” James 2:24 Denial of transubstantiation “The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?” 1 Cor 10:16 The crown is supreme head of the church “Repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar and to God what belongs to God.” (Mark 12:17) New doctrines contradicted by scripture Sola Scriptura “Therefore, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions that you were taught, either by an oral statement or by a letter of ours.” 2 Thes 2:15 Predestination “Therefore, whoever thinks he is standing secure should take care not to fall.” 1 Cor 10:12 Jam 2:26 1 Cor 11:2 1 Tim 3:15 Mt 19:16-17 1 Cor 9:27 Rom 2:5-8 Mt 7:21 Rom 11:22 Phil 2:12-13 Mt 16:18 Mt 28:18-20 Mt 24:13 Gal 5:4-6 Jn 6:53-54 Ex 12:8, Jn 1:29 Mt 26:26 Jn 21:17 2 Tim 2:11-13 Jn 14:21 Lk 22:19-20 Jn 21:25
  16. 16. Christian Religious Wars The evangelists beating the pope Painting in Hampton Court Palace King Henry VIII, England The execution of English Catholics Edmund Campion under Queen Elizabeth
  17. 17. Emergence of Secularism Margaret Sanger Eugenics, abortion, Planned Parenthood Adolph Hitler Nazi, WWII, the Holocaust Karl Marx The Communist Manifesto Vladimir Lenin The Soviet Union Mao Zedong Communist China
  18. 18. A new hope for Christian Unity Poverty Relief Pro-Life Engaging the culture