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Harm minimisation for alcohol

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Framework of Harm minimisation for alcohol : a public health approach

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina
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Harm minimisation for alcohol

  1. 1. FRAMEWORK OF HARM MINIMISATION FOR ALCOHOL Dr Gargi Sinha Edith Cowan University , Western Australia
  2. 2. Part one : harm associated with alcohol and Zero tolerance vs harm minimisation Part two :Overview of three component of harm minimisation Part three: Example Part four : reference
  3. 3. Harmful use of alcohol family Domestic violence Neglect own children Spouse suffer the most social Damage fabric of communities Crime Violence •drink driving individual World Health Organization ,2010 Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol National Health and Medical Research Council. (2009)
  4. 4. Zero tolerance Harm minimisation versus Two main policy options :-
  5. 5. Zero tolerance Harm minimisation versus Underpinning assumption and consequences Perspective • Banning alcohol will solve the problem CONSEQUENCES • Illegal supply of alcohol will be in the market • No evidence of success Perspective • Alcohol addiction reflects social problem • People need help rather than punishment (Baum, 2016)
  6. 6. Demand reduction Supply reduction Harm reduction • Harm minimisation encompasses three equally important pillar • an overarching strategy What is Harm minimisation ? Cousins, Connor, & Kypri, 2014; Wachtel & Staniford, 2010
  7. 7. Demand Reduction Include strategies which aim to : • Prevent the uptake/and delay the use of alcohol • Reduce the use of alcohol • Support people to recover from dependence (Ministerial Council on Drug, 2015)
  8. 8. Harm reduction Example for alcohol harm reduction Drink driving intervention Sobering up shelters Harm reduction aim to reduce •Adverse effect on health •Social and economic consequences of alcohol •Reducing harms to community safety http://www.aodknowledgecentre.net.au
  9. 9. Supply reduction Aims to reduce or remove the supply of alcohol Restriction on sale of alcohol to minors and restriction of alcohol consumption at public place Pricing and taxation on alcohol
  10. 10. References Baum, F. (2016). The new public health (4th edition. ed.). South Melbourne, Vic. :: Oxford University Press. Cousins, K., Connor, J. L., & Kypri, K. (2014). Effects of the Campus Watch intervention on alcohol consumption and related harm in a university population. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 143, 120-126. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.07.015 Ministerial Council on Drug. (2015). National alcohol strategy 2010-2015. Canberra :: Commonwealth of Australia. National Health and Medical Research Council. (2009). Alcohol guidelines to reduce health risk from alcohol drinking. Canberra: NHRMC Retrieved from https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/ds10-alcohol.pdf The Australian Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre Harm minimisation. Retrieved from http://www.aodknowledgecentre.net.au/aodkc/harm-minimisation World Health Organisation. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health. Retrieve from http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/en/