O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a navegar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nosso Contrato do Usuário e nossa Política de Privacidade.
O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a utilizar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nossa Política de Privacidade e nosso Contrato do Usuário para obter mais detalhes.
What is Brain Drain…???
A brain drain or human capital flight is
an emigration of trained and talented
individuals ("human capital") to other
nations or jurisdictions.
Brain drain can occur either when
individuals who study abroad and
complete their education do not return to
their home country, or when individuals
educated in their home country emigrate
for higher wages or better opportunities.
Main characteristics of brain
There are numerous flows of skilled and trained persons
from developing to developed countries.
In these flows engineers, medical personnel and scientists
usually tend to predominate.
They are characterized by large flows from a
comparatively small number of developed countries and by
small flows from a larger number of developing countries.
The migratory trends are stimulated both by the character
of national educational systems by lack and inadequate
planning for the training of students from developing
countries, in developed states as well as the proper
utilization of their-skills in their home country etc.
MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED
BY INDIA DUE TO BRAIN
A shortage of skilled and competent people in India.
A tremendous increase in wages of high-skill labors in
Problems for the public sector : With the exception of
ICICI, none of the public sector finance companies have
done a serious job of revamping their pay scales. They
face two alternatives: a sharp increase in wages of
high-skill labors, or bankruptcy.
Problems of governance : In government itself, low
wages at senior levels are a serious problem. An
economic advisor at the Finance Ministry earns less
than Rs.20,000 a month. It is possible to have
individuals take up these roles if they are independently
wealthy; altruistic; power-hungry; corrupt or
incompetent. This is not a happy state of affairs etc.
Push Factors of Brain Drain
Those factors due to which the person
is seeking for a new country.
Desire for higher education
Lack of freedom
Poor working environment
Lack of research and other facilities
Pull Factors of Brain Drain
Those factors which attracts the
person to be in that country.
Modern educational system
Higher salary and income
Better working environment
Better research facilities
Possible solution to brain
Higher level institution should be
Awareness about serious
Prohibit nepotism and favoritism
Adequate salary for every level of
Brain drain hampers the development
Brain drain is noble for the emigrants
but not for the host country.
Drained brain contributes to the
economy of migrated country which
only influence the living standard of