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Brain Drain

A brain drain or human capital flight is an emigration of trained and talented individuals ("human capital") to other nations or jurisdictions.

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Brain Drain

  1. 1. Brain Drain…
  2. 2. What is Brain Drain…???  A brain drain or human capital flight is an emigration of trained and talented individuals ("human capital") to other nations or jurisdictions. Brain drain can occur either when individuals who study abroad and complete their education do not return to their home country, or when individuals educated in their home country emigrate for higher wages or better opportunities.
  3. 3. Main characteristics of brain drain :-  There are numerous flows of skilled and trained persons from developing to developed countries.  In these flows engineers, medical personnel and scientists usually tend to predominate.  They are characterized by large flows from a comparatively small number of developed countries and by small flows from a larger number of developing countries.  The migratory trends are stimulated both by the character of national educational systems by lack and inadequate planning for the training of students from developing countries, in developed states as well as the proper utilization of their-skills in their home country etc.
  4. 4. MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY INDIA DUE TO BRAIN DRAIN :-  A shortage of skilled and competent people in India.  A tremendous increase in wages of high-skill labors in India.  Problems for the public sector : With the exception of ICICI, none of the public sector finance companies have done a serious job of revamping their pay scales. They face two alternatives: a sharp increase in wages of high-skill labors, or bankruptcy.  Problems of governance : In government itself, low wages at senior levels are a serious problem. An economic advisor at the Finance Ministry earns less than Rs.20,000 a month. It is possible to have individuals take up these roles if they are independently wealthy; altruistic; power-hungry; corrupt or incompetent. This is not a happy state of affairs etc.
  5. 5. Push Factors of Brain Drain Those factors due to which the person is seeking for a new country. Unemployment Desire for higher education Low wage/salary Lack of freedom Poor working environment Lack of research and other facilities
  6. 6. Pull Factors of Brain Drain Those factors which attracts the person to be in that country. Employment opportunities Modern educational system Higher salary and income Intellectual freedom Better working environment Better research facilities
  7. 7. Survey
  8. 8. Possible solution to brain drain:- Political stability Higher level institution should be made Awareness about serious consequences Prohibit nepotism and favoritism Adequate salary for every level of work
  9. 9. Summary Brain drain hampers the development of country. Brain drain is noble for the emigrants but not for the host country. Drained brain contributes to the economy of migrated country which only influence the living standard of the people.