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Engagement in Future Earth: Supporting a Step-Change in Global Science-Policy Interactions

  1. Engagement in Future Earth: Supporting a Step-Change in Global Science-Policy Interactions Susanne C. Moser, Ph.D. and Stanford University AGU Annual Meeting 2014 • San Francisco • U54A Future Earth: Connecting Research and Responses to GEC
  2. Overview of Presentation • Overview of Future Earth – How we got from global change research programs to Future Earth – Governance, goal, approach, vision • Research to meet the challenges of the Anthropocene • Toward effective science-policy engagement – A fundamental shift in approach – Co-producing relevant knowledge
  3. 199619861980 1991 2001 and their partnership International GEC research programmes since 1980
  4. Converging towards a new partnership and single strategic framework Oct 2010 ICSU – ISSC Visioning 2009 2009 2012 Science & Technology Alliance for Global Sustainability Review of GEC Programmes 2006-2008 Changing the international GEC research landscape NEED FOR QUICKER AND MORE IMMEDIATE IMPACT HENCE STRENGTHENED INTEGRATION, STRONGER SOLUTIONS-ORIENTATION
  5. International S&T Alliance for Global Sustainability Bringing together the co-sponsors and funders of the existing GEC programmes
  6. Merging IHDP, Diversitas, IGBP and the ESSP, collaborating with WCRP to create A global platform for international research on global environmental change and sustainable development
  7. Building on 20+ existing GEC projects/networks calling on 60,000 + scientists worldwide IHDP WCRP IGBP ESSP DIVERSITAS
  8. Governing Council (The Alliance) Science and Engagement Committees Globally distributed Secretariat with regional hubs Governance
  9. Future Earth seeks to build and connect global knowledge to increase the impact of research, to explore new development pathways, and to find new ways to accelerate sustainable development... Objective
  10. Approach promoting a new type of science; new ways of producing knowledge and making sure it gets used: • Internationally collaborative, • Integrated (interdisciplinary), • Solutions-oriented (transdisciplinary, engaged) research
  11. Working globally Developing inclusive agendas and involving multiple socio- geographic perspectives, and approaches (international) Working across disciplines and fields Promoting the joint, reciprocal framing, design, execution and application of research (inter- and cross-disciplinarity) Working with society Building open knowledge arenas in which researchers work with decision makers, policy shapers, practitioners, as well as actors from civil society and the private sector in the co-design and co- production of knowledge, policy and practice (transdisciplinarity) Approach (cont.)
  12. 1. Challenges Inspired and created ground-breaking interdisciplinary science relevant to major global sustainability challenges 2. Outputs Delivered products and services that our societal partners need to achieve these challenges 3. Approaches Pioneered approaches to co-design and co-produce solutions- oriented science, knowledge and innovation for global sustainable development 4. Capacities Enabled and mobilised capacities to co-produce knowledge, across cultural and social differences, geographies and generations International, integrated, co-designed and co-produced knowledge …. to deliver what? ― 2025 Vision
  13. Eight complex challenges in the Anthropocene • Deliver water, energy, and food for all, and manage the synergies and trade-offs among them • Decarbonise socio-economic systems to stabilise the climate • Safeguard the terrestrial, freshwater and marine natural assets underpinning human well-being • Build healthy, resilient and productive cities • Promote sustainable rural futures to feed rising and more affluent populations • Improve human health in relation to GEC • Encourage sustainable consumption and production patterns that are equitable • Increase social resilience to future threats Photo: Art installation by Robyn Woolston
  14. Transformations to Sustainability Dynamic Planet Global Development Each challenge to draw on three integrated research themes
  15. Strategic Research Agenda 2014 A. Dynamic Planet Observing and attributing change Understanding processes, risks and thresholds Projecting and predicting futures B. Global Development Meeting basic needs and overcoming inequalities Governing sustainable development Managing growth, synergies and trade-offs C. Transformations to sustainability Understanding and evaluating transformations Identifying and promoting sustainable behaviours Transforming development pathways 62 priorities
  16. Lubchenco (1998) ‘…a commitment of on the part of all scientists to devote their energies and talents to the most pressing problems of the day’ Toward a More Engaged Science (1)
  17. Gibbons (1994, 1999), Nowotny et al, (2001) • Reliable knowledge to socially-robust knowledge • Science produced in open systems of knowledge production (the agora) • Uncertainty Toward a More Engaged Science (2) Source: Gibbons (1999) Nature
  18. • Greater understanding of and engagement with science • Improved relationships between knowledge producers and users • Increased usefulness and use of information (while doing interesting science) • Better decisions and outcomes (i.e. making a difference in the world) Vision: What Do We Want to Achieve? Photo:
  19. 19 Changing Mental Models The ‘linear model’ of science and society Source: Stafford-Smith, Moser, et al., forthcoming
  20. Slide courtesy of Frans Berkhout, adapted Relevant knowledge exists as a uniform, disembodied, closed system Relevant knowledge exists in diverse, open, situated systems Two visions of knowledge systems
  21. Co-Design and Co-Production of Knowledge Source: Cowell et al, 2013
  22. Fears and Concerns about Engagement By Researchers • Bias due to undue influence on the research process • Constriction on academic freedom • Public embarrassment • Time commitment • Frustration when policy- relevant science is not used (or misused) By Practitioners • Time commitment to a process with uncertain outcomes • Public embarrassment • Use of results in intended and unintended ways Source: Stafford-Smith, Moser, et al., forthcoming
  23. Benefits of and Motivations for Engagement By Researchers • Wider attention to and recognition of one's research findings and expertise • Contribution to problem solving • Access to data otherwise not available • Learning By Practitioners • A seat at the table • Practical use of scientific information for decision- making • Symbolic value of science in support of policy-making • Fostering innovation, leadership and competitive advantage • Learning Source: Stafford-Smith, Moser, et al., forthcoming
  24. Understanding processes of co-design and co-production Source: Mauser et al., COSUST, 2013
  25. ‘…the collaborative process of bringing a plurality of knowledge sources and types together to address a defined problem and build an integrated or systems-oriented understanding of that problem.’ Armitage et al. (2011) Co-Production
  26. • Joint problem-framing • Integration in knowledge production and joint knowledge dissemination • Collaborative experimenting and learning Key Phases in Co-Production Photo: JamesBernatowicz
  27. • Plurality (inclusivity, who?) • Positioning (expertise, power) • Incentives (benefits and costs to actors) • Arrangements (experiments, mediating relationships across boundaries, sustaining interactions?) • Outcomes (measurement, value) Framing the “Collaborative Agora” Slide adapted from Frans Berkhout
  28. Website: Facebook: Twitter: @FutureEarth Join us!