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Biofertilizer: FPJ How to Make and Its Uses
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  1. 1. Fermented Fruit Juice INTRODUCTION Fermentedfruitjuice,alsoknownasFFJ,isa part of the ‘Natural farmingmethod’developed by Dr. Han Kyu Cho of South Korea. This concoction can be made at home from many common overripe sweet fruits. Itusesbrown (raw) sugar to extractthe phytochemicalsinfruits. The fermenting process takes at leasta weektocomplete. Thisliquid have nutritionalactivationenzymes and help to increase nutrients inthe soil andtherefore inthe plantsgrowinginit,especially potassiumlevels.It is commonly used as a foliarsprayto enhance flowering and fruiting stage. Now, it is also use in animal production as it gives supplemental nutrients to animals. MATERIALS NEEDED IN MAKING FERMENTED FRUIT JUICE 1. Locallyproducedsweetripe fruitslikemango,banana,papaya,strawberryandchico;ripe squashfruit and matured carrot; and root crops particularly camote, cassava and gabi. Citrus fruits are not recommended.Youcanmake FermentedFruitJuice fromsingle material or a combination of materials. The extract from the combination of banana, papaya, and squash have been proven to be effective in flower induction and fruit setting by many organic farmers. 2. You can use either crude sugar or molasses or whichever is available or can be purchased at lower cost. 3. You will also need ceramic pots or plastic pail, basin, net bag or cloth bag, paper or cloth for cover, string, stone as weight, bolo, chopping board, marking pen, and glass jars for storage. STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE 1. Prepare the Ripe Fruit Meat by peeling the skin and removing the seed of the fruit. 2. Chop the Ripe Fruit Meat into little pieces. 3. Put choppedmaterialsinthe jarand add exact amount/weight of crude sugar or molasses, and thenmix.You must make sure that all chopped materials are coated with sugar or molasses so that the juice can be extracted easily. 4. Cover the jar with paper and tie it securely with the string. 5. Leave the jar in a cool and dry place for 7 days to ferment. Away from sunlight and rain. Make sure that the storage area is notinfestedwithcockroachesormice,because theymight feed on the mixture andcontaminate the extract.In7 days, plant juice is extracted and fermented. The fruit extract will change its color from yellow orange to brown, and will smell sweet and alcoholic. 6. After 7 days, separate the liquid from the solids. The liquid is the Fermented Fruit Juice (FFJ).
  2. 2. USES AND RATES OF APPLICATION OF FERMENTED FRUIT JUICE  As flower inducer and fruit setter – Fermented Fruit Juice made from a combination of ripe fruitsof banana,papaya and squashhave beenprovenbymanyorganicfarmersto be effective whensprayedonthe leavesatthe rate of 2 to 4 tbsp./gallonof water at the onsetof flowering up to fruit setting. These ripe fruits contain phosphorous and potassium which are necessary during the flowering and fruit setting stage.  As soil microorganismactivityaccelerator – FermentedFruitJuiceisapplied directly to the soil at the rate of 1tsp/literof water.The carbohydratesandsugarcontentof FermentedFruitJuice serve assource of energyof soil microorganism, thereby, accelerating their activity. Increased microbial activities result to the availability of nutrients for plant’s uptake.  As sprayto animal beddingstohastenmanure decomposition –FermentedFruitJuice contains beneficial microorganisms that help in the decomposition process.  As a nutritiousdrink –a 20% FermentedFruitJuice solution makes an excellent drink for both human and livestock. TIPS AND SUGGESTIONS o Use any materials that are free from insect pests and diseases. o Avoid using fruits that were treated with Calcium Carbide (kalburo) or any other chemical treatments. o Do not use white sugar. o You do not have to mix the brown sugar with water to make it liquid. The rise in temperature due to fermentation will melt the brown sugar. o If jars are too expensiveorare not readilyavailable inyourlocationyoucanuse plasticwater containers. o Always leave 1/3 of the bottle empty so the liquid can “breathe” o Don not tighten the bottle lid for 2 weeks after bottling to allow gasses to escape and avoid a sticky explosion o Solidmaterialsfromthe fermentation process can be given to animals as feeds or to plants as compost o FFJ should have a pleasant smell and sweet and tangy taste o FFJ keeps for over a year or longer if refrigerated REFERENCES http://businessdiary.com.ph/3468/how-to-make-fermented-plant-juice-or-fpj/ http://www.cgnfindia.com/fpj.html http://jumblebox.webs.com/blogF/jumbleblog/fertilize3.html#.WDeAiLIrKM8 http://www.pinoybisnes.com/food-business-ideas/how-to-make-fermented-fruit-juice-for-natural- health/ http://homeguides.sfgate.com/make-fermented-fruit-plant-food-63700.html http://theunconventionalfarmer.com/recipes/bloom-fertilizer/