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FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative

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FAO’S Blue Growth Initiative - Small Scale Fisheries and Blue Growth

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FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative

  1. 1. FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative Blue Growth: Issues for Fisheries Dependent Coastal Communities Second International Blue Economy Dialogue 22 November 2017, Dhaka Árni M. Mathiesen, Assistant Director-General FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
  2. 2. Overview 1. Introduction to FAO BGI 2. BGI Communities Platform 3. Key takeaways
  3. 3. FAO Blue Growth Initiative  FAO is working with a number of countries to develop and implement Blue Growth Strategies  Not a one-size-fits-all approach, takes into account country priorities
  4. 4. Business as Usual Blue Growth Initiative (BGI) FAO Blue Growth Initiative
  5. 5. FAO Blue Growth Initiative  Create enabling conditions for the transition to Blue Growth  Improve governance of aquatic ecosystems  Empower stakeholders for equal participation along the fisheries and aquaculture value chain  Conserve biodiversity and habitats Implementation PhasesObjectives
  6. 6. BGI Communities Platform EMPOWERING SMALL-SCALE PRODUCERS IS CRITICAL TO THE BLUE COMMUNITIES PLATFORM  Over 90% of all fishers and fish workers are small-scale  Most are in developing countries and half are women  Vital socio-economic function of SSF for food and nutrition security, income, employment, trade, etc.  SSF are excellent candidates for transition towards blue growth due to their interconnectivity with and reliance on aquatic ecosystems  Huge potential when people employed in SSF act not only as resource users but also as resource stewards
  7. 7. BGI Communities Platform For the Blue Communities Platform to be effective it needs to be linked to key instruments/tools.
  8. 8.  The Right to Food Guidelines  Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and related IPOAs  The “SSF Guidelines”  The “Tenure Guidelines”  The “RAI” Principles Using Existing Instruments to Empower Small-Scale Fishing Communities
  9. 9. Voluntary Guidelines to support the Progressive Realization of the Right toAdequate Food in the Context of National Food Security (2004) The objectives of the SSF Guidelines are: a) to enhance the contribution of small-scale fisheries to global food security and nutrition and to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food
  10. 10. Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (1995) 6.18 Recognizing the important contributions of artisanal and small- scale fisheries to employment, income and food security, States should appropriately protect the rights of fishers and fishworkers, particularly those engaged in subsistence, small-scale and artisanal fisheries, to a secure and just livelihood, as well as preferential access, where appropriate, to traditional fishing grounds and resources in the waters under their national jurisdiction. Purpose: Strengthen the international legal framework for more effective conservation, management and sustainable exploitation and production of living aquatic resources • Directed towards all stakeholders • Intended to help countries and groups of countries to develop or improve their fisheries and aquaculture, whilst ensuring the long-term sustainable use of fisheries resources and habitat conservation, and guaranteeing food security and alleviating poverty in fishing communities
  11. 11. First ever negotiated international instrument entirely dedicated to SSF |  A global consensus on principles and guidance for small- scale fisheries governance and development (2014)  Developed through a consultative process Bring together social development and responsible fisheries |  beyond fisheries: chapters on gender, social development, value chain, climate change,… Complement other international instruments |  Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries; Right to Food Guidelines; Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests - common grounding in human rights principles Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (2014)
  12. 12. • Represent the most comprehensive global consensus on tenure  first global soft law instrument on tenure (2012) • Contain a set of internationally accepted practices for all forms of tenure  serve as a point of reference on governance of tenure • Should benefit all people in all countries – with an emphasis on vulnerable and marginalized people. • Place tenure rights in the context of human rights as they are not internationally recognized as human rights. Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (2012) Chapter 5a of the SSF Guidelines builds directly on the VGGT  reinforces the application of the VGGT in small-scale fisheries
  13. 13. Part 5: Respect tenure of land, fisheries, and forests , and access to water Responsible investment in agriculture and food systems respects legitimate tenure rights to land, fisheries, and forests, as well as existing and potential water uses, in line with: i. The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, in particular, but not limited to, Chapter 12. ii. The Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. A Principles for Responsible Investment inAgriculture and Food Systems (2014)
  14. 14. BGI Communities Platform Achieve environmental, economic, and social objectives Foster “enabling conditions” Deliver “transformational interventions” Scale-up or “mainstream” Blue Communities
  15. 15. Key Takeaways  The FAO Blue Growth Initiative is a framework for achieving sustainable growth in the fisheries and aquaculture sector  The goals of the FAO Blue Growth Initiative are to maximize economic and social benefits in an environmentally sustainable fashion  The FAO Blue Communities platform seeks to empower and build resilient communities with improved livelihoods, food security and employment based on sustainable natural resources use, social organizations, norms and values, and users’ rights  The FAO Blue Growth Initiative is closely aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Human Rights
  16. 16. Thank you FI-ADG@fao.org