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EMPOWERING WOMEN AS KEY
DRIVERS OF FOOD SYSTEM
CHANGE
Lindiwe Majele Sibanda
• Women comprise 43% of the agricultural labour
force in developing countries
• Women account for two-thirds of the world'...
Household Assets Vulnerability Assessment (HAVA)
Livelihood Capital Assets
Low Moderate High
Vulnerability Vulnerability
V...
From Agriculture to Food System
ATONU
Interventions
Crop / animal
husbandry
Aflatoxin
control
Storage and
handling
Food
pr...
Why Women Empowerment
• Is a means by which other important development
outcomes including improvements in child nutrition...
Demystify the Concepts
Gender Equality: absence of discrimination based on gender in
the allocation of resources, benefits...
Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture - Index (WEAI)
• Five domains of empowerment
Domain Indicators
decisions about AGRICULT...
Ag-Nutrition Pathways
Food production
for household
consumption
Income-oriented
production for
food, health and
other non-...
We are What We Eat From the Day
One of Conception!
Invest in nutrition-sensitive agriculture so that pregnant mothers are ...
• Focus on how agriculture can deliver
positive nutrition outcomes to
smallholder farm families through the
generation of ...
Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU) – Key Research Questions for mapping nutrition sensitive
interventions (NSI) along the ag...
ATONU Frameworks and Technical Assistance
ATONU has developed frameworks that may be used to do the
following:
• Assess co...
ILRI Chicken Genetic Gains Project
• Ethiopia and Tanzania:
‾ African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG)
• The ACGG Project’s ai...
II.
Nutrition and
Hygiene Education
III.
Women empowerment
for income decision
making
IV.
Vegetable
production
BCC
• Optim...
Six Steps to Empower Women in Agriculture to Nutrition:
ATONU
Measure the assets and food needs in communities
Evaluate th...
What Will Success Look Like by 2030?
EMPOWERED
WOMEN
Well-nourished women
and children in rural
smallholder farm
families
...
Women’s empowerment is a key
driver of food systems change,
from food production to
consumption. When women are
empowered ...
Take Home Message
When women are empowered to make decisions about
the food system from the dining table to the farm,
chil...
"Empowering Women as Key drivers of Food System Change Lindiwe Majele Sibanda, Chief Executive Officer and Head of Mission...
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"Empowering Women as Key drivers of Food System Change Lindiwe Majele Sibanda, Chief Executive Officer and Head of Mission - Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN), South Africa "

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"www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium

The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 3.3: Empowering women as key drivers of food system change"

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"Empowering Women as Key drivers of Food System Change Lindiwe Majele Sibanda, Chief Executive Officer and Head of Mission - Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN), South Africa "

  1. 1. EMPOWERING WOMEN AS KEY DRIVERS OF FOOD SYSTEM CHANGE Lindiwe Majele Sibanda
  2. 2. • Women comprise 43% of the agricultural labour force in developing countries • Women account for two-thirds of the world's 600 million poor livestock keepers • In developing countries, most women’s work is devoted to agriculture. Women are involved in every stage of food production. • Female farmers receive only 5% of all agricultural extension services worldwide. The Challenge We Face
  3. 3. Household Assets Vulnerability Assessment (HAVA) Livelihood Capital Assets Low Moderate High Vulnerability Vulnerability Vulnerability a comprehensive tool measuring the vulnerability of households and communities in relation to the impact of shocks such as HIV/AIDS, erratic weather patterns, and poverty
  4. 4. From Agriculture to Food System ATONU Interventions Crop / animal husbandry Aflatoxin control Storage and handling Food processing Nutrition knowledge Fortification Biofortification Women Empowerment Soil fertility Market Enhancement Policy environment Cooking Labor saving technologies GenderEnvironment Germplasm
  5. 5. Why Women Empowerment • Is a means by which other important development outcomes including improvements in child nutritional status • Women are primary caretakers in a household, intra- household dynamics that determine allocation of resources (including food) • Gender division of labour also influences the amount of time women have to care for themselves and children, and women’s power in decision making in farming and expenditure influences the ability to translate economic gains to nutritional improvements • Lack of women’s empowerment increases maternal under-nutrition, and limits women’s ability to practice positive care behaviours, such as attending ante-natal visits or providing sufficient and nutritious complementary foods
  6. 6. Demystify the Concepts Gender Equality: absence of discrimination based on gender in the allocation of resources, benefits and access to services Gender Equity: means the just and fair distribution of benefits, rewards and opportunities between women, men, girls and boys Empowerment: the range of options that create opportunities and reinforce individual and collective capacities to exercise control over the life of individuals and offers them more choices Empowerment of women is linked to having awareness of themselves, of knowledge, of their skills, their attitude and aptitude to have a voice
  7. 7. Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture - Index (WEAI) • Five domains of empowerment Domain Indicators decisions about AGRICULTURAL production Input in productive decisions Autonomy in production access to and decision making power over productive RESOURCES Ownership of assets Purchase, sale, or transfer of assets Access to and decisions on credit control over use of INCOME Control over use of income LEADERSHIP in the community Group member Speaking in public TIME use Workload Leisure
  8. 8. Ag-Nutrition Pathways Food production for household consumption Income-oriented production for food, health and other non-food items Empowerment of women as agents Nutrition-Sensitive Agricultural Growth Reduction in real food prices associated with increased agricultural production
  9. 9. We are What We Eat From the Day One of Conception! Invest in nutrition-sensitive agriculture so that pregnant mothers are well nourished at the onset of pregnancy - even better if we focus on nourishing every girl child for the benefit of humankind. This can only happen if : 1. decision makers and agriculture investors say no to investments that do not deliver nutrition outcomes; 2. project designers know how to design nutrition sensitive agriculture interventions; 3. intensified communication on healthy diets and behaviour change; 4. policies to boost in availability, affordability and accessibility of nutrient dense foods, including animal source foods, fruits and vegetables; and 5. women are empowered.”
  10. 10. • Focus on how agriculture can deliver positive nutrition outcomes to smallholder farm families through the generation of robust evidence • Target groups: women of child- bearing age and children in first 1,000 days of life, high burden of malnutrition • Six-year project being implemented in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania for now 1,000 Days Life cycle Pre-conception Conception to birth 0-6 months 6-24 months Agriculture to Nutrition: ATONU
  11. 11. Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU) – Key Research Questions for mapping nutrition sensitive interventions (NSI) along the agricultural value chains Utilisation and consumptionPrimary Production Post harvest and marketing Inputs: soil, germplasm (seed varieties, breeds), fertilizer, environmental implications What can soil fertility management, fertilizer use, germplasm (seed variety/ animal breeds), and agrochemical use, do for nutrition? Crop Agronomy and Animal husbandry What can agronomic and husbandry practices do for nutrition? What can harvest practices do for nutrition? Women empowerment - Which entry points along the agricultural value chain have the greatest potential impact for empowering women of child bearing age and improving children’s nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life (from conception to two years)? What aspects of women’s empowerment have the greatest impact on nutritional outcomes (e.g. control over crop/animal choice, decision-making regarding use of income, etc.) Post-harvest handling, storage, and processing, packaging and marketing How can product handling and processing (harvesting, processing, storage, food preparation, etc.) contribute to nutrition? How do we ensure that increases in agricultural income lead to improved nutritional outcomes? Quality of food on the plate Behaviour Change - How can best practices in nutrition and health, including behaviour change, be integrated into agricultural programmes and projects to improve the nutrition status of women and young children? What are the best delivery mechanisms for educating farming households about nutrition? Cross-Cutting Issues Programme Design - How can agricultural programmes be designed to improve nutritional outcomes within smallholder farm families? What are the appropriate indicators and “standards of credible evidence” for measuring the nutritional impact of agricultural interventions across the value chain? Capacity development - How can multi-sectoral agriculture-nutrition decision makers, practitioners and policy advocates be most effectively equipped with knowledge/evidence and their capacity strengthened to support and advocate for the integration of agriculture and nutrition, and up-scaling of successful programs? Delivery Mechanism - How can agriculture and health help to effectively reduce hunger and malnutrition among women of child bearing age and children?
  12. 12. ATONU Frameworks and Technical Assistance ATONU has developed frameworks that may be used to do the following: • Assess country readiness for nutrition-sensitive agriculture • Assess project/program suitability for integrating nutrition-sensitive interventions • Selection and design of nutrition-sensitive interventions • Impact evaluation of nutrition-sensitive interventions ATONU is available to provide technical assistance to existing and pipeline projects that would like to deliver positive nutrition outcomes.
  13. 13. ILRI Chicken Genetic Gains Project • Ethiopia and Tanzania: ‾ African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) • The ACGG Project’s aim is to improve the production and productivity of chickens by smallholder households by introducing improved and tropically adapted genotypes in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Tanzania • The ATONU project activities are being embedded within the ACGG Project.
  14. 14. II. Nutrition and Hygiene Education III. Women empowerment for income decision making IV. Vegetable production BCC • Optimal diets in (MIYCF) Maternal Infant and Young Child Feeding • Maternal and young child feeding (MIYCF) care group model learning sessions • Hygiene in food processing, preparation and handling • Community mobilization and sensitization on gender • Men sensitization on child and maternal nutrition • Joint financial planning and budgeting lessons • Alternative energy and time saving technologies • Vegetable production • Processing • Storage • Utilization Rigorous evaluation of the nutrition-sensitive interventions ILRI – ATONU NSIs to Achieve Nutrition Outcomes I. Improved Consumption of Animal Source Foods • Intake of chicken meat • Intake of eggs
  15. 15. Six Steps to Empower Women in Agriculture to Nutrition: ATONU Measure the assets and food needs in communities Evaluate the food systems cycle from inputs to production, distribution, processing, consumption, and waste management 1. Food System Assessment Undertake health needs assessment to describe prevailing health problems to deduce malnutrition related problems . 2. Health Status Assessment Determine who makes decisions about: (1) Agriculture production; (2) access to agriculture resources; (3) use of income-oriented production for food, health and other non-food items (4) leadership in community; (5) time use 3. Women Empowerment Status Healthy diets & diet diversity: the household and individual-level ones (woman and child) are good indicators of diet quality associated with micronutrient adequacy of the diet 4. ATONU Outcomes Potential NSIs: (1) Labor saving technologies; (2) Biofortification; (3) Intercropping and rotation; (4) Animal husbandry; (5) Aflatoxin control; (6) Storage and handling; (7) Food processing, fortification and cooking; (8) Market Enhancement; (9) Women Empowerment; (10) Nutrition knowledge; (11) Behavior Change Communication; (12) Policy environment 5. Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Identified, Designed and Implemented (1) Coordination mechanisms and partnerships for a food systems wide view; (2) involvement of communities to identify nutrition problems and develop interventions; (3) knowledge on nutrition quality of traditional and herbal foods; (4) capacity to design and implement NSIs that deliver evidence for ATONU impact; (5) appropriate tools to identify opportunities for agriculture interventions for NSIs within the broader context; (6) communities of practice 6. Capacity Development of all Actors Healthy Food Systems & Health People
  16. 16. What Will Success Look Like by 2030? EMPOWERED WOMEN Well-nourished women and children in rural smallholder farm families Policy makers and investors incorporate nutrition in the design of agricultural policies and programmes Validated evidence of nutrition-sensitive interventions Ag-Nutrition community of practice equipped to design nutrition-sensitive agriculture projects Agricultural experts working with nutrition and health experts to deliver positive nutrition outcomes
  17. 17. Women’s empowerment is a key driver of food systems change, from food production to consumption. When women are empowered to make decisions, children’s education, health and nutrition improve
  18. 18. Take Home Message When women are empowered to make decisions about the food system from the dining table to the farm, children’s education and health improve.

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