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Fake News: How to do an Effective Fact Checking? - Infographic by EnjoyDigitAll by BNP Paribas

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According to the Cambridge dictionary, fake news is false, often sensational, information disseminated under the guise of news reporting.

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Fake News: How to do an Effective Fact Checking? - Infographic by EnjoyDigitAll by BNP Paribas

  1. 1. 3% Videos 10% Images Links 7 There are many fact checking websites, do not hesitate to contact them! The Reporters’ Lab maintains a database of global fact-checking sites. Contact specialists PrintRadioTelevision % Online (blogs, websites, social media) FAKE NEWSHOW TO DO AN EFFECTIVE FACT CHECKING? According to the Cambridge dictionary, fake news is false, often sensational, information disseminated under the guise of news reporting. 1 in 4 people in the United States declare that they rarely trust the news they read on social media, the country being the 4th most exposed to fake news in the world. 14% of people admit they have deliberately shared fake news. 29% of respondents agreed that social media sites should be the most responsible for ensuring people are not exposed to fake news. Links – often clickbait headlines – are the dominant post types because their content creators usually want to drive users to their website for profit. They are also often sponsored. Be on the lookout! Social medias took the fake news blow quite strongly, and have put in place several measures to penalize the medias disseminating them. SOURCES OF INFORMATION IN THE UNITED STATES FAKE NEWS CONTENT TYPE 7 STEPS FOR AN EFFICIENT FACT CHECKING 62 50% 25% 18% Designed by by Sources : Statista • Pew Research Center • Socialbakers 1 Check the source 2 Analyze the general level of speech – judgmental or injurious statements are good indicators of fake news. Also check the date it was published and mentioned sources. Read the whole article 3 If the story is signed, it means the author takes responsibility for his/her content – and the potential consequences. Check the author 4Either by sliding them to a search engine or by using Youtube Dataviewer. Check the images or videos 5Incomplete or vague data can easily be manipulated, so stay alert. Check the numbers 6we tend to believe the information that confirms our beliefs and preconceptions. Try to go on news sources targeted to people with different opinions than yours. That’s a good way to know if you're reading about facts or an op-ed. Know your cognitive bias Reliable and quality information is a right. Refuse to let yourself be manipulated, and only share information you trust, after having taken the time to check the facts! FAKE APRIL Make sure it is reliable and legitimate. If you have doubts, look for other sources mentioning this information – real facts are usually broadly spread. FOLLOW US ON TWITTER 14% 87% RULES 25%

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