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Power PPT presentation_ Elisa M. Piano.pptx

  1. Topic: Focus on the Leader Power and Leadership ELISA M. PIANO CHERIE GIL D. PUYONG Reporters Republic of the Philippines State Universities and Colleges GUIMARAS STATE COLLEGE- GRADUATE SCHOOL Mclain, Buenavista Guimaras
  2. “Knowledge will give you power, but character respect” - Bruce Lee
  3. What is Power? ‘ While an individual may exert power without being a leader, an individual cannot be a leader without having power’. (Bal,et al,.2008)
  4. ●Power is broadly defined as the ability of an individual to exercise some form of control over another individual. ● Power is the ability to impose your will or make others act in the way you want based on your authority. ● Power uses force to convince someone to perform an action. ●Power is a person’s ability to control activities of other individuals. What is Power?
  5. POWER AND AUTHORITY Authority: Derived from the Latin word “autocrats”, meaning influence or command. ● Authority can be used to mean power given by the state (in the form of members of Parliament, Judges, Police Officers, etc.) or by academic knowledge of an area (someone can be an authority on a subject).
  6. ● Authority is open used interchangeably with power. However, their meanings differ, ● Power is defined as the “ability to influence somebody to do something that he/she would not have done” ● Authority refers to a claim of legitimacy, the justification and right to exercise that power. ● With authority comes power. The two go hand in hand. If you have authority but no power, you cannot expect to be respected or even acknowledge as an authority figure. To have power without authority is pointless. Even if you show dominance and power, it does not mean that you have the respect or the ability to enforce.
  7. BASES OF POWER There are five bases of power that can be divided into two: Personal Formal ● Power of position (President, CEO) ● Vested by the position he or she holds. ● Influence over others, ● the source of which resides in the person
  8. Personal Power Expert Power - comes form one’s experiences, skills or knowledge. As we gain experience in particular areas, and become thought leaders in those areas, we begin to gather expert power that can be utilized to get others to help us meet our goals. For example, the Project Manager who is an expert at solving particularly challenging problems to ensure a project stays on track. Referent Power - is based upon the individual’s personal qualities, such as innate charisma, the respect and admiration.
  9. Charisma Charisma is the nature of attractiveness or charm that compels others to follow someone. Charismatic power inspires positivity and joyful feelings in others. The persuasive nature of this power is reliant on the engaging quality of the leader's personality. This power does not have to exist with any explicit skills or refined leadership qualities. People are naturally drawn to the charisma of others. Moral A leader with moral power inspires action based on their beliefs and behavior. Moral leaders live by a principle that others can see and decide to follow. Employees are inspired by these leaders because the leader builds trust through their ethics. They become a role model for setting personal standards.
  10. Coercive Power -is the power someone holds through threat or force. In an organization, a higher-ranking manager can force a lower-ranking employee to act in a way they don't want to with a threat of termination or other disciplinary action. This type of power can be used in cases of insubordinate employees but when relied upon as a common tool, it can breed resentment. Formal Power Reward Power -is conveyed through rewarding individual for compliance with one’s wishes. This may be done through giving bonuses, raises, promotion, extra time off from work, etc. Legitimate Power -comes from having a position power within an organization, such as being the boss or a key member of a leadership team. This power comes when employees in the organization recognize the authority of the individual.
  11. Information Power based on information lasts as long as the information is not known to others. This puts the person in possession of the information in a unique position to leverage this power however they choose. Connection Leaders have connection power when their alliance with influential people is admired and desired by others. The connection gives people the sense that the leader possesses or has access to the same power that the influential person has. Founder Founder power exists when a leader is the founder of an organization, ideal or movement. Others defer to this person's power because there is a perception of having a deeper knowledge than the others through experience.
  12. How Leaders Leverage Power Effectively ● Make Relationship a priority ● Don’t overplay your personal agenda ● Maximise your communication network ● Be general with information ● Make the most of your position ● Develop your brand of charisma ● Be the expert ● Tailor your power to reward others ● Reward with Words ● Punish with purpose ● Teach others
  13. The 7 Cs, Keeping Power in Perspective Character Courage Commitment Cautious Attentiveness Connectable Contribution to the welfare of others Creative perception
  14. POWER AND CONTROL ● Work organization are systems with hierarchy, social relationships, status and power (Mullins, 2006) ● Power may be seen as the control or influence over the behaviour of other people with or without their consent. (Mullins, 2006) ● Power is important to leaders. ● Leaders who have power are able to obtain more resources, dictate policy and make advances in the organization compared to leaders who have not or little power (Aamodt, 2007).
  15. “ Leadership is the power of one harnessing the power of many” - John C. Maxwell THANK YOU!