Cleansing the soul

Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at Florida State University em Florida State University
29 de Nov de 2014

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Cleansing the soul

  1. • al-Fuaad-heart is called a fuaad when there is a sense of kindling or burning. It is akin to a heart that is excited with eagerness, and there is a sense of commotion and pulsation. • Al-Lubb-The lubb [pl. albaab] signifies the pure intellect, free from inner blemishes and suspicion • Al-Sadr-means the heart on the most external and shallow level. It is the place where secrets are kept, where the Shaytan whispers, and where the ego that commands to evil takes hold of a person
  2. 3 Types of the Nafs Nafs Mutma’inna Lawwama Ammarah
  3. • 1-Bahimi nafs, the cattle-like nafs. • Like cows and chickens, this nafs finds ultimate happiness in consuming food, drink, sleep, and sex. • 2-Subu’ee nafs, the predatory nafs. • In addition to the basal desires of food, sleep, and sex, this hyena-like nafs finds pleasure in coveting the goods of others. • 3-Shaytaani nafs, the devilish nafs. • This type seeks to mischievously plot in creating evil and causing harm • 4-Malaaiki nafs, the angelic nafs. • This nafs finds its greatest pleasure in nearness to its Creator.
  4. Healthy Heart • It serves Allah only with • Love • Fear • Reliance • Hope • Sincere dedication • Submitted Sick Heart • It has faith in Allah, love for him • It also has craving for lust and material pleasures • Self praise • Wavers between ruin and safety Dead Heart • It does not know its Lord • Does not worship Him • Clings to its lust and desires • It loves material world
  5. يَوْمََ لََ يَنفَ عَ مَا لَ وَلََ بَن ونََ • إِلََ مَنَْ أَتَى اللَََّ بِقَلْ بَ سَلِي مَ • • ”The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, but only he (will prosper) that brings to Allah a sound heart (Qalbun saleem). “ 26:88-89 • “Know that verily on your body there is a piece of flesh, when it is found to be well (good), then all your body (whole self) will be well, and if it is found to be spoilt (corrupted) then all your body (whole self) will be corrupted (bad, spoilt) – know that it is your heart!” Hadith
  6. • • Tarbiyah means to develop excellent skills and abilities to be efficient and productive Islamic workers. • Tazkiyah means 'to purify, to develop and to grow'. • This is an important characteristic of a Muslim/ Muslimah and the Islamic organization. • There must be a continuous struggle amongst workers of Islamic organization for moral and intellectual purification and development of excellent qualities
  7. • Truly he succeeds who purifies. (87:14) • Truly he succeeds that purifies it and he fails who corrupts it. (91 :8-9) • This process of Tazkiyah cleanses what is wrong in the Nafs and shows the righteous path and transforms the 'Nafs' into Nafs-e- Mutmainnah. • '0' you righteous soul!, in satisfaction come back to your Lord, well pleased and well pleasing unto Him. • (Surah Fajr, 89: 27-28)
  8. "A similar (favor have you already received) in that we have sent among you a messenger of your own, reciting to you our verses and sanctifying you and instructing you about book and wisdom and you were before in manifest error." ( AL –BAQARA,2:151) "It is He who has sent amongst the unlettered messenger from amongst themselves to recite to them His verses, to sanctify them and to instruct them in scripture and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error." (JUMA, 62: 2)
  9. Tazkiyah Ilm or knowledge Spiritual, Nafs and Qalb Amal or Actions Relations Physical Health
  10. They were commanded none else but to submit to Allah with sincerity and total commitment. (Bayyanah, 98:5) In one Hadith, when Prophet (SAW) was asked what is “Ihsaan”? He replied that Ihsaan or excellence in goodness is that you worship Allah as if you witness His presence. If you are not able to attain such level of consciousness, then at least you should be fully aware ( of the undeniable fact that) He is watching you (and be fully conscious of all that you do.) Bukhari:Baabul Iman. There must be a group among you who should invite toward goodness, enjoin righteousness and forbid evils. (Ale-Imran, 3.104)
  11. • 1- Developing ideal Muslimahs/Muslims who • i. Submit to the Will of Allah (SWT) with their heart's desire and pleasure • ii. Obey and submit to Allah (SWT) with constant fear and love and in conformity with Allah’s (SWT) commandments, being always conscious of His closeness. • 2-To form an organization of such dedicated Muslimahs/Muslims for establishing AI-Islam in their lives • 3- To engage in Dawah Ilallah in the family and the society
  12. • ANGELS • MANKIND • ANIMALS Debased to be the lowest of the low.
  13. التَّبَ رى عَمَّا سِّوَى اللَِِّّّ التَّحَلِّ ى بِّالْفَضَاءِّلِِّ التَّخَلِّ ىِْ مِّنَِ الرَّذَاءِّلِِّ
  14. Unnecessary talking Unrestrained evil glances Excessive food Evil company
  15. • 1 Submission to 'Nafs' or one's desires And who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, devoid of guidance from Allah. For Allah does not guide people given to wrong doings. Qasas,28:50 2- Blind following of forefathers- Just in the same way, whenever we sent a warner before you to any people, the wealthy ones among them said: "We found our fathers following a certain religion, and we will certainly follow in their footsteps." (Zukhruf,43:23)
  16. • 3- Obedience of other people- • If you were to follow the common run of that on earth, they will lead you away from Allah's way. (An’aam, 6:116) • 4- Love of this material world- • 0' you who believe! let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. If any acts thus, the loss is their own. (Muafiqoon,63:9)
  17. Aban-Bin-Osman(R) reported from Zayd Ibn Thabit (R) that we heard from Prophet (SAW) who said,” Whoso is worried much about this material world, Allah (SWT) shall make his matters (of this world) complex and shall bring his deprivation between his eyes ( in front of him). He shall get only what is destined for him. Whoso intends for Akhirah, Allah (SWT) shall make his matters organized. He shall bestow Ghina (freedom from greed) in his heart and material things shall come to him. (Ibn Majah: #986) 5- Overlooking Satan's attacks and evil designs (Satan)said: 'Then by your power, I will put all of them in the wrong, except your servants amongst them, sincere and purified. 38:82-83
  18. • 6- Neglecting the Signs and Warnings of Allah- • Those who, when they are admonished with the signs of their Lord they do not droop down as if they were deaf or blind. (25:73) • 7- Evil- Environment: • Abu-Huraira (R) reported that Prophet (SAW) said: “Every child is born on (Fitrah) righteous nature (of Islam). Then his parents turn him to Judaism or Christianity.” • 4 Types of influential environments- • 1) International circle and its influences. • 2) National aptitudes, ways and traditions. • 3) Family circle and its values. • 4) Friends, and acquaintances
  19. • Allah will exalt in degree those amongst you who believe and those who are granted knowledge. Allah is aware of what you do. (Mjadilah,58:11) • Imam Shafi(RA) said, “ After obligatory deeds, nothing is more beloved to Allah than studying to acquire knowledge.” • Abu Darda (RA) said,” Studying Islam for one hour is more rewarding than praying entire night in Tahajjad.” • Imam Zuhri (RA) said,” Nothing is better in worship of Allah than to achieve knowledge of Deen.”
  20. • A-Memorization of Quran; There are certain Surahs or Ayahs of the Qur'an which, it is reported, the Prophet (SAW) used to recite more often in particular Prayers or on specific occasions. We should try to memorize these and recite in our Prayers. • B-Tarteel- • "And recite the Qur'an in slow measured rhythmic tones" (Muzammil) Tarteel is the term used to define the rules that explain how to recite the Qur'an in the way and manner that the angel Jibreel (AS) recited to our beloved Messenger (SAW).
  21. • , ‘Whoever recited Surah Zilzilah (99) would get the reward of reciting half the Qur’an. Whoever recited Surah al Kaafirun (109) would get a reward as if reading a quarter of the Qur’an. Whoever recited Surah al Ikhlas (112) would get a reward as if reading one third of the Qur’an’. (At-Tirmidhi) • There is no envy (acceptable) except in two (cases): a person whom Allah has given the Qur’an and recites it throughout the night and throughout the day. And a person whom Allah has given wealth, that he gives out throughout the night and throghout the day.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  22. • Tajweed means "Improving," or "to make something better." Tajweed is a manner of beautifying the recitation of the Qur'an by reciting in a much slower manner than tarteel. • • Understanding of Quran and Quranic Arabic: • We should take advantage of excellent on line e book and A/V material provided by
  23. • A. We must make every effort to perform five times daily prayer. No matter where we are. • This is the first thing that draws you near to Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, and you are in His Presence • We must try to establish Salah with congregation, at the masjid or at home with our family members • If one looses a single prayer one should feel as if everything is lost and offer 'Qada' without any delay.
  24. • The Prophet (SAW) said: "Ask (anything)." Rabi'ah said: "I ask of you to be your companion in paradise." The Prophet said: “Anything else?" Rabi'ah said: "That is it." The Prophet (SAW) said to him: "Then help me by making many prostrations (nafl prayers)." [Muslim] • Tahajjad- Prophet (SAW) said, “Hold fast to night prayer, for it was the way of the righteous before you, a way of drawing closer to your Lord, an expiation for wrong deeds, and a shield from sin.” (Tirmidhi)
  25. • Fasting is not restricted to Ramadan. • Fasting 6 days of Shawwal is recommended • `Aisha (RA) said: Prophet (SAW) used to fast Mondays and Thursdays". [An-Nasai; Sahih] • Prophet (SAW) said "O Abu Dhār! if you fast three days of every month, then fast the 13th, the 14th and the 15th [ al-ayaam al-beedh, the white days]". [Ahmad, an-Nasaa'i and at-Tirmithi) • Fasting on the day of Arafah and Ashurah is also meritorious
  26. • Obligatory Infaq 'that is Zakah must be paid • Optional Infaq should be practiced all the time. • Real worth is not of the quantity which you spend but the spirit of sacrifice for the sake of Allah. (Maududi) • “You shall not attain true goodness until you give of what you love.”(Ale Imran:92) • “Believers shade on the Day of Judgment shall be his charity.” (Tirmidhi)
  27. • "…Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest." (13:28) • Remembrance of Allah indeed is the greatest virtue.(29:46). • O ye who believe, remember Allah much. And glorify Him morning and evening (33:42-43)
  28. • The Prophet (SAW) said, "The similitude of one who remembers his Rubb and one who does not remember Him, is like that of the living and the dead.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. • When a man complained, "The laws of Islam are heavy for me, so tell me something that I can easily follow," the Prophet told him, "Let your tongue be always busy with the remembrance of Allah." [Ahmad]. • Zikr can be done anywhere and anytime
  29. • And whoever does a wrong or wrongs himself, but then seeks forgiveness from Allah, he will find Allah forgiving and merciful. (Nisaa 4:110) • And seek Allah’s forgiveness. Certainly, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Muzzammil 73:20) • For Allah is to all people most surely full of kindness Most Merciful (Al-Baqarah 2:143)
  30. • 1- Act of repentance be sincerely for Allah alone. • 2- Person must feel remorse and guilt over his actions so much so that he wished he had never done it in the first place. • 3- Person must immediately cease performing the wrong and sinful act. • 4- Repentant person must have a firm intention to never commit the sin again. • 5- Person must repent before it is too late, meaning before death approaches
  31. • Taubah opens the door of hope with the Mercy, forgiveness and salvation from the most Merciful Allah (SWT) • Repentance is an act, which purifies the soul • It increases humility and removes arrogance • It brings the servant closer to Allah. • It puts the heart at rest from guilt. • It protects one from falling prey to his/her desires lusts • It increases the faith in Allah (SWT) as our most Kind, Merciful and Forgiving Lord.
  32. O ye who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe who flinch not (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah but do (precisely) what they are commanded. (Tahreem,66:6)
  33. • Work of Dawah and Aqamah of Deen begins at home • One must try to establish congregational prayers with the family members • One must conduct collective study of Qur’an with the family members at least three times a week. • One must pay all due rights to the spouse and children and treat them with love, respect and understanding.
  34. • “Man is on the religion of his friend, so let every one of you examine whom he befriends.” (Abu- Dawud and others) • The example of the good and evil companions is like a bearer of musk and a person blowing a pair of bellows. As for the musk bearer, he either gives you some, or you buy from him or at least you get a pleasant smell from him. As for the bellows blower he either gets your clothes burnt or you get an unpleasant smell from him.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
  35. • Companionship (suhbah) of the pious is needed to learn - • - Doctrines taught by the Salaf ( People of three best earlier generations in Islam) • - Rulings of Fiqh passed down by Imams • - Meritorious deeds (al-fada'il) of the scholars of hadith • - High manners (al-ādāb) of righteous that are conducive to the purification of hearts
  36. • Many think that “a perfect Muslim” is simply one who observes Salah , the fasting, the Zakah and the Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) • One can never get close to Allah by being arrogant, full of pride and having a bad character and manners. • Prophet (SAW) said, “Nothing is heavier in the scales of a believer on the Day of Judgment than his good behavior. Allah detests a person who is obscene and shameless”. (Tirmidhi)
  37. • The Prophet (SAW) said: “And no one humbles himself before Allah but Allah will raise him (in status).” Nawawi. • . As the Prophet(SAW) said "Al-Kibr is rejecting the truth and looking down upon people" [Muslim) • Humbleness is that one should humble himself with his companions. • Humbleness is to humble oneself to one who is below you. • Humbleness is that your deeds should not become too great. • The arrogant never gives credit to anybody or mentions good about others.
  38. • Sincerity • Honesty • Truthfulness • Moderation • Refined and gentle in speech, don’t curse and use foul language • Considerate , compassionate and loving, don’t be harsh • Polite and respectful to people, don’t be insulting or disrespectful • Generous and charitable, don’t be selfish and miserly
  39. • Good natured and forgiving, don’t be bitter and resentful. • Share and be content with what Allah has given you, don’t be greedy • Cheerful and pleasant, don’t be irritable and morose • Chaste and pure, don’t be lustful • Dignified and decent, don’t be graceless • Optimistic and hopeful, don’t be cynical or pessimistic • Confident and have deep faith, don’t be doubtful and wavering • Spiritually oriented and not materialistic
  40. • A true believer recognizes the wonder of the human body and is grateful to the Creator. • Islam’s holistic approach to health covers all aspects of the mind, body and soul. • A truly health conscious person blends diet, nutrition and exercise with the remembrance of God and an intention to fulfill all their religious obligations
  41. • Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “ A strong believer was better than a weak believer”. • The Prophet (peace be on him) once wrestled with a man called Rukanah who was well-known for his strength, throwing him down more than once. (Reported by Abu Daoud.) • Islam lays emphasis on cleanliness (Taharah), a simple diet combined with physical exercise.
  42. And thus We have made you a community of the middle way, so that you may be witnesses [to the Truth] before all mankind, and the Messenger may be witness [to it] before you (al-Baqarah 2: 143) O believers, be ever steadfast in standing up, for the sake of God, bearing witness to justice (al-Ma'idah 5: 8)
  43. • You have been given Divine guidance, • You have been shown the Truth. • You must, therefore, establish by your testimony and witness its authenticity and truthfulness before all mankind • Messengers were sent to the world; this was their primary duty. • After them, their followers were entrusted with the same duty
  44. A- Through Words • Through our speech and writing, we should proclaim and explain Islam to the world • Islam’s complete guidance in all aspects of life including thought, belief, in morality, in culture and civilization is to be conveyed. • We must establish its truth and soundness, by rational discourse and convincing evidence • We must commit all our hearts and minds, all of our resources, to this cause
  45. • Warning (indhar) • Bringing glad tidings (tabshir) • Inviting and calling (da'wah) • Communicating (tabligh) • Teaching and instructing (ta'lim) • Conveying and propagating (tilawah).
  46. • Let our lives speak the truth • Let the world taste in our conduct, individual and collective, that sweetness which only the faith in One God can impart to character and morality • Our actions must show how every aspect of life is set right, developed and enriched • Principles and teachings which Islam proclaims to be true are indeed true, and that they do improve the quality of human life and raise it to better and higher levels.
  47. • Establishing Islam in our lives (Iqamatu 'd-din) • Making God's guidance and way of life proclaim over all others (Izhar) • Establishing justice (Qist) • Enjoining right and forbidding wrong (Amar Bil Maroof and Nahi Anil Munkar) • Jihad or struggle
  48. • “Hold fast to al-Jama’ah and stay away from division.” (Ttirmizi) • “I order you of five things: to be with al jama’ah, to listen to the leaders, to obey the leader’s orders, hijrah, and jihad.” (Tirmizi) • “Whosoever obeyed the leader, he obeyed me (i.e., the Prophet) and whosoever disobeyed the leader, he disobeyed me.” (Muslim)
  49. • “Stay with al-Jama’ah, because the wolf devours the goat that runs away (from the herd).” (Abu Dawood) • “Satan is man’s wolf, just like there is goat’s wolf who hunts the goats that stay aloof, or run away or are separated (from the herd).” (Mishkat) • “Stay with al-Jama’ah and stay away from divisions. This is because Satan is with one individual, but stays away from two.” (Tirmizi)
  50. O ye who believe! Fear Allah and let every soul look to what (provision) he has sent forth for tomorrow. Fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. Hashar 59:18
  51. • We must take a few minutes in the morning • Make a contract with ourselves about how we will conduct this business of life, • Consciously try to maintain it, and • Spend some time at night evaluating how we did during the day; • We will then live with more awareness • We be able to improve the quality of our life.
  52. • If a Believer fails to observe this brief period of soul-searching daily, then he should at least try to do so once every few days, or once a week. • In this way, he draws up his life balance sheet, depicting to him his (spiritual) assets and liabilities. • A Believer should also have a longer period of this practice at the end of each month • It should be done at an even longer period at the end of the year, when he bids farewell to one year and prepares for and welcomes another
  53. O’ Allah! Remove from my heart , intending show-off, desire for fame, backbiting, slander, hatefulness, ill-will and jealousy. Ameen