O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

20 ways to nurture children's mental health by Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes

Counselor Toolbox Podcast with Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes produces 2 episodes each week and offers CEUs based on the podcast at AllCEUs.com/counselortoolbox

  • Entre para ver os comentários

20 ways to nurture children's mental health by Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes

  1. 1. Innovations in Behavioral Healthcare  http://foundationsevents.com/counselortoolbox  Meetup Thursday June 20th at 6pm at Merridee's Breadbasket AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 1
  2. 2. 20 Ways to Nurture Children’s Mental Health Instructor: Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes Executive Director: AllCEUs Counselor Education Host: Counselor Toolbox Podcast AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 2
  3. 3. Objectives  Identify what children need for good mental health  Identify 25 ways to nurture children’s mental health AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 3
  4. 4. Children’s Mental Health  Children need to feel  Safe  Emotionally  Physically  Competent (efficacy)  Able to succeed in school  Able to succeed in managing emotions  Able to succeed at …  Confident (esteem)  Lovable for who they are  That they belong How does NOT feeling these contribute to mental health issues? AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 4
  5. 5. Physical  Sleep and Sunlight  Help set your circadian rhythms and vice versa  Circadian rhythms regulate (feeding, sleeping, stress) hormones  Lack of sleep  fatigue, irritability, low distress tolerance, poor concentration  Sunlight produces far more bioavailable vitamin D  How much?  3-6 Years Old: 10 - 12 hours per day (8p-6a)  7-12 Years Old: 9 - 11 hours per day (9p-6a)  12-18 Years Old: 8 – 10 hours per day (10p-6a)  Create a sleep routine  Evaluate sleep hygiene AllCEUs.com/sleep AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 5 • National Sleep Foundation • WebMD How can this help youth feel safe, confident and competent in school, relationships, activities?
  6. 6. Physical  Eliminate Caffeine  Caffeine stimulates the HPA-Axis leading to a perpetual state of stress  Caffeine has a half-life of 5-8 hours  Chronic caffeine intake  Has been shown to increase serotonin and acetylcholine and inhibits the release of GABA, which contributes to our feeling of alertness.  Reduces the number of active receptors (tolerance)  When it is stopped, the brain’s abundant supply of happy chemicals is abruptly cut off and the person feels depressed.  Reduces cofactors necessary for neurotransmitter synthesis  Inhibits the absorption of iron and B-vitamins involved with the synthesis of serotonin, dopamine and GABA  People often use caffeine to compensate for inadequate sleep AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 6 https://www.precisi onnutrition.com/cof fee-and-hormones
  7. 7. Physical  Nutrition  Provides the building blocks to make neurotransmitters responsible for mood, motivation, libido, concentration and energy.  Maintains a healthy gut microbiome to help produce 80% of the neurotransmitters and prevent leaky gut (AllCEUs.com/gut)  Deficits of specific nutrients (i.e., vitamins A, B6, B12, C, folate, iron, zinc, and calcium) are associated with lower grades (CDC)  Interventions  Involve youth in creating a weekly menu  Encourage maintenance of an online food diary  Eat colorfully (Yellow, Red, Green, Blue/Purple/Black, Brown)  Start a hydroponic (or regular garden)  Keep fruits and chopped vegetables easily accessible AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 7 How can this help youth feel safe, confident and competent in school, relationships, activities?
  8. 8. AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 8
  9. 9. Physical  Exercise  Higher physical activity and physical fitness levels are associated with improved concentration and memory.  Time spent in recess has been shown to positively affect students’ attention, concentration and classroom behaviors  Consider the motivation of behaviors  Brief classroom physical activity breaks (i.e., 5-10 minutes) are associated with improved attention, concentration, on-task behavior, and educational outcomes  How much  Children and adolescents ages 6 through 17 years should do 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity daily. (moderate=50-70% of max HR, vigorous =70-85% max HR) AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 9 • Bike riding (incl. stationary) • Basketball/sockball • Walking • Balloon toss • Tag • Dancing • Obstacle course (in or out) • Mini trampoline • More…
  10. 10. Physical  Relaxation and Recreation  Many youth get up, go to school, come home, do homework until 8 or 9 o’clock then go to bed with little time for true relaxation.  Relaxation is the state of being free from psychological and muscle tension  Techniques to calm the HPA-Axis and Teach Self-Regulation  Guided Imagery (even to space)  Yoga, Tai Chi  Progressive Muscular Relaxation  Deep breathing AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 10
  11. 11. Physical  Screen for  Autism: 1:59 (CDC)  Developmental Delays: Cognitive, social and emotional, speech and language, fine and gross motor  Learning disabilities impact up to 10% of children  AD/HD  Must watch for differential dx Asperger's Disorder, and Other Common Misdiagnoses and Dual Diagnoses of Gifted Children  Mood disorders (NIMH) Depression 3%; Anxiety 8%; PTSD 4%  Thyroid Disorders  4.6% of the U.S. population age 12 and older has hypothyroidism  Hypothyroidism is one of the most common causes of intellectual disability AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 11
  12. 12. Environmental  Help children learn  Identify how they learn best and teach them how to modify their learning  Auditory/Visual/Kinesthetic  Reflective/Active  Apply what they learn to things that are important or useful to them  Newton’s laws  Biology and the NWF  Nutrition and broken bones  Hand washing and staying healthy AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 12
  13. 13. Environmental  Structure and Limits  Let children know you care  Help children learn to self regulate  Create consistency and predictability in a sometimes chaotic world  Interventions House/Class Rules (Bring/Make rules list for vacation) Review rules regularly (before getting out at the park or at grandma’s) AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 13
  14. 14. Environmental- ACES  Reduce exposure to:  Direct or indirect physical, verbal or sexual abuse or neglect  Family members with addictions or mental health issues  Caregiver loss  Interventions  Self care  Regularly discuss children’s feelings and thoughts if a family member has a mental illness  Connect with children daily, even if from a distance  Military---write letters ahead of time and give them to stateside partner to give to children each day/week AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 14
  15. 15. Environmental  Safety—Emotional and Physical  Ensure children’s environments are: Free from threats to their physical safety Free from bullying or verbal abuse Rich with images (social media, television, music, posters etc.) that help them feel safe, special and included  Dr. Seuss Oh The Places You’ll Go  The Middle by Jimmy Eat World; Confident by Demi Lovato  Inclusive television shows  Adults in the environments need to be responsive to the needs of children AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 15
  16. 16. Environmental  Safety—from Internal Critic  Teach children about negative self-talk  Do not model negative self talk or use global criticism  Teach children to: Separate fact and feeling based reasoning  I feel stupid therefore I am stupid Focus on objective facts Identify and address things over which they have control Develop skills to accept that which they have no control over. AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 16
  17. 17. Interpersonal  Attention and Unconditional Positive Regard  Unconditional positive regard for who they are as people, not what they do  Authentic praise and genuine interest (They can tell) AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 17
  18. 18. Interpersonal  Communication Skills  Assertiveness  Role play  Insist on using the I feel ___ because ____ with objective language  I feel angry because you won’t let me stay out after midnight.  I hear you are frustrated and I realize it seems unfair, however, I believe that it is important that you get adequate sleep and you can see your friends tomorrow.  Effective listening (paraphrasing)  Do not just ask “Do you understand?”  Insist on eye contact AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 18
  19. 19. Interpersonal  Healthy Boundaries  Are critical for healthy relationships, increasing self- esteem and reducing stress, anxiety and depression.  Boundaries set a clear line between what is you and what is not you.  Help people not get drained by always giving, being unable to say no and seeking approval from others  Emotional  Taking responsibility for other’s feelings and problems (Not my circus)  Letting other people’s feelings dictate your own  Sacrificing your own needs to please  Blaming others for your problems AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 19
  20. 20. Interpersonal  Ask for Help  Social support is one of the greatest buffers against stress  Help can come in the form of encouragement, empathy or assistance  Asking for help does not represent weakness  Encourage children to ask for help when needed  Help children learn how to find appropriate assistance AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 20
  21. 21. Interpersonal  Appreciation of Individual Differences  Temperament: Help them synergize E/I (People and environment) S/N (Conceptualization) T/F (Motivation) J/P (Time management)  Talents Public speaking Sports/physical activities Science and math Art AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 21
  22. 22. Emotional  Mindfulness and Emotion Identification  Children who can identify vulnerabilities and emotions can intervene before they enter the red zone.  Mindfulness activities  Model emotional vocabulary with the “I am feeling ____ because” to help children not personalize and become learn to use feeling words  Prompt mindfulness-- “It seems like you are not happy. What is going on?” “I am ____ because ____”  Body scan (Energy, sleep, appetite, pain/discomfort, urges)  Many children somaticize their emotions  Encourage visual, olfactory, auditory triggers for happiness  Make a collage of “Things that make me happy” AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 22
  23. 23. Emotional  Distress Tolerance  Tests, doctor’s visits, break-ups, not getting asked to a dance, someone being mean  Help children learn to wait to act in their wise mind  Make a list (poster) of distraction options  Activities (coloring, watching fish, talking, tearing/shredding)  Opposite emotions (do something that makes them happy)  Push it away (Write it down and put it away, throw a bunch of balls)  Sensations (Catharsis, ice, wall sits, splash cold water) 23 Distract Don’t React
  24. 24. Cognitive  Problem Solving  Children who can solve their own problems feel much more empowered.  Use scaffolding to help them solve real-world dilemmas  What is the problem?  Janie and I got into a fight.  I do poorly on my tests because I get so nervous  What are possible solutions?  Stop being friends, continue to be friends, become frenemies  Drop out of school, learn to manage my anxiety, get accommodations  What are possible interventions for the solution you want? … AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 24
  25. 25. Cognitive  Self-Efficacy by experiencing success  Teach them how to set SMART goals Overall goal: Be class valedictorian Specific: Get a A in chemistry Measurable: Yes Achievable: Yes but I will need to set aside 1 hour a night to study and get afterschool assistance from my teacher Relevant: Yes Time Limited: Yes. 1 semester AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 25
  26. 26. Cognitive  Psychological Flexibility  What kind of person am I (values worksheet)  What does it mean to be…compassionate, loyal, creative  Do one thing each day that is…  Who and what is important to me  Family  Reputation/popularity  Friends (which ones)  Work/School (GPA)  Activity (football, band, piano, tae kwondo)  How do I feel right now and why. (Angry because I don’t want to study. Embarrassed because Sally posted a photoshopped pic of me)  How could I solve this problem in a way that will help me get closer to what is important to me. AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 26
  27. 27. Cognitive  Cognitive Distortions  All or Nothing  Find exceptions or solutions  Fallacy of Fairness  You may not have caused it, but you have to fix it.  Use psych. flex to address the effectiveness of staying angry.  Magnification—Mountains from molehills  Evaluate the facts  Minimization of the positive  Remember the positive things  Personalization  What parts were your responsibility AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 27
  28. 28. Cognitive  Learned Optimism  We are wired to pay more attention to the negative for survival  This leads to a negative outlook  This prompts us to be more aware of the negative things that happen and interpret events with a negative filter.  Interventions  Positive journaling  Dialectics  Living in the AND  Gratitude Wall AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 28
  29. 29. Cognitive  Self Esteem  Radical acceptance of strengths and weaknesses Unconditional positive regard Attention and authentic praise  Appreciation for synergy AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 29
  30. 30. Summarize  Help children prevent vulnerabilities and enhance mental health by  Helping them address cognitive and emotional issues  Ensuring they have a safe environment  Teaching them healthy interpersonal skills so they can get support when needed and prevent getting burned out  Children need to feel like they are loved, they belong and they are capable at home, school and in relationships AllCEUs Unlimited CEUs $59 | Addiction Counselor Certificate Training $149 | Specialty Certificates $89 30

×