3. 1. PLOT
The Plot includes the chain of events that
propels a story forward. A plot must have
a logical (it must make sense) sequence.
4. 2. Setting
The time, place, physical
details, and circumstances in
which a situation occurs.
Settings include the
background, atmosphere or
environment in which
characters live and move,
and usually include physical
5. 3. Theme
A common thread or repeated idea
that is incorporated throughout a
literary work. A theme is a thought or
idea the author presents to the reader
that may be deep, difficult to
understand, or even moralistic.
6. 4. Character
People who are responsible for
the thoughts and actions within
a story, poem, or other
literature. Characters are
extremely important because
they are the medium through
which a reader interacts with a
7. 5. Point of View
A way the events of a story are conveyed
to the reader, it is the “vantage point” from
which the narrative is passed from author
to the reader. The point of view can vary
from work to work.
9. SIX TYPES OF CONFLICT
1. Person – Person
2. Person – Self
3. Person – Nature
4. Person – Society
5. Person – Technology
6. Person -
think of for
11. THE STRUCTURE OF A STORY THAT
• Rising Action (Conflict/Crisis)
• Falling Action or Resolution
Status Quo (or exposition) is the
chatty part of the the story. No action
takes place because exposition includes
descriptions of time and place,
characters and sometimes of the
13. Rising Action
Rising Action happens when the conflict is
introduced. There are six types of conflict
(more on this soon). Suspense builds and
foreshadowing occurs. Foreshadowing is the
author’s way of hinting at future events in the
story. The author weaves clues and hints into
the story as a way of building suspense.
The climax of the story is the most
emotional or suspenseful part. At this
point of the story, the conflict is about to
resolve one way or another. This is the
turning point of the story. The decisions
made during this part of the plot will
determine the ending.
15. Falling Action or Resolution
During the falling action, or resolution,
which happens right after the climax, the
conflict between the protagonist and the
antagonist unravels, with the protagonist
winning or losing against the antagonist.
The falling action might contain a moment
of final suspense, during which the final
outcome of the conflict is in doubt.
The denouement is the final part of the
plot. The character has, typically,
overcome the obstacle(s) and
conflict(s), and has found solace or
peace. Sometimes there are unresolved
conflicts at the end of the story.
17. What is it and how do I get it?
Theme is the the main idea of the story.
There can be several themes in one story.
The themes of a story can be the
discoveries, ideas, and life lessons we as
readers take away from the story.
18. How can I figure out the theme?
Think about the main (dynamic) character
and how he or she changed during the story.
What has the character learned? What
significant changes did he or she
Identify some important passages/parts of
the story and explore their meaning(s).
Think about the title and its possible
20. MOOD & SETTING
The mood is the
emotion of the story.
The mood can
the story. The author
carefully so that it
enhances the story.
The setting is the
time and place of
the story. The
setting can be both
specific (a spring
morning in London)
or vague (Earth in
the distant future).
21. CHARACTERS, some we love,
some we don’t . . .
DYNAMIC CHARACTERS are the
ones who experience SIGNIFICANT
changes during the plot. They may
change their values, their beliefs, or
STATIC CHARACTERS do not
experience significant changes
during the plot. They are still
important and may either be main
22. CHARACTERS . . . Round and
ROUND CHARACTERS are characters
whose personalities, beliefs, and interests or
examined in the story. Dynamic characters
are typically round characters. Round
characters are written to be like people you
know: flawed, interesting, real.
FLAT CHARACTERS are characters whose
personalities, beliefs, and interests are not
examined in the story. Static characters are
sometimes also flat characters, but not