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ATIVIDADE 1 - BEDU - ANATOMIA HUMANA
APLICADA À EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA - 54/2023
Assessoria nos seus TRABALHOS entre em contato com a DL ASSESSORIA
E-mail: assessoriaacademicadl@gmail.com
(15) 99143-3322
QUESTÃO 1
Observe a figura abaixo sobre a dinâmica dos ossos.
A figura representa duas células encontradas no osso humano, enquanto uma “constrói” a
outra “desfaz” a matriz óssea.
Fonte: Disponível em:
https://www.facebook.com/Professor.Ionizante/photos/a.110310300723362/16006615574777
6/?type=3. Acesso em: outrubro de 2923.
Quando você observa atentamente um osso, é comum achar que se trata de um tecido inerte,
seco e sem vida. Todavia, muito pelo contrário, o tecido ósseo é vivo, dinâmico e se
desenvolve e cresce por meio de um metabolismo muito ativo. Pra você ter uma ideia, os
ossos são renovados, em média, a cada dois anos.
A ação das células ósseas depende de diversos fatores, como idade, hereditariedade, nutrição,
doença, trauma, gravidez, esforço funcional e influência hormonal. Em relação aos
hormônios, os ossos sofrem forte influência do hormônio do crescimento (GH), dos
hormônios sexuais (testosterona, estrógeno e progesterona), da calcitonina (hormônio
tireoidiano) e do paratormônio (ou hormônio paratireoidiano).
Fonte: BARBOSA, C. P. Anatomia Humana. Maringá - PR.: UniCesumar, 2020.
Reimpresso em 2021.
Levando em consideração as informações anteriores, responda as questões a seguir:
a) A charge apresenta duas células presentes na dinâmica do osso no ser humano. Assim,
qual é a célula óssea representada na célula A e na célula B? Qual a função de cada uma
remodelação óssea?
b) Sabendo que a osteoporose é uma doença que acomete pessoas em idade mais avançada
(idosos), causando a fragilidade dos ossos, qual das células da charge apresentam maior
atuação no desenvolvimento dessa doença? E qual o motivo das mulheres idosas
apresentarem a osteoporose com maior frequência? Justifique suas respostas.
Anatomia dos ossos e células na remodelação óssea

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Anatomia dos ossos e células na remodelação óssea

  • 1. ATIVIDADE 1 - BEDU - ANATOMIA HUMANA APLICADA À EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA - 54/2023 Assessoria nos seus TRABALHOS entre em contato com a DL ASSESSORIA E-mail: assessoriaacademicadl@gmail.com (15) 99143-3322 QUESTÃO 1 Observe a figura abaixo sobre a dinâmica dos ossos. A figura representa duas células encontradas no osso humano, enquanto uma “constrói” a outra “desfaz” a matriz óssea. Fonte: Disponível em: https://www.facebook.com/Professor.Ionizante/photos/a.110310300723362/16006615574777 6/?type=3. Acesso em: outrubro de 2923.
  • 2. Quando você observa atentamente um osso, é comum achar que se trata de um tecido inerte, seco e sem vida. Todavia, muito pelo contrário, o tecido ósseo é vivo, dinâmico e se desenvolve e cresce por meio de um metabolismo muito ativo. Pra você ter uma ideia, os ossos são renovados, em média, a cada dois anos. A ação das células ósseas depende de diversos fatores, como idade, hereditariedade, nutrição, doença, trauma, gravidez, esforço funcional e influência hormonal. Em relação aos hormônios, os ossos sofrem forte influência do hormônio do crescimento (GH), dos hormônios sexuais (testosterona, estrógeno e progesterona), da calcitonina (hormônio tireoidiano) e do paratormônio (ou hormônio paratireoidiano). Fonte: BARBOSA, C. P. Anatomia Humana. Maringá - PR.: UniCesumar, 2020. Reimpresso em 2021. Levando em consideração as informações anteriores, responda as questões a seguir: a) A charge apresenta duas células presentes na dinâmica do osso no ser humano. Assim, qual é a célula óssea representada na célula A e na célula B? Qual a função de cada uma remodelação óssea? b) Sabendo que a osteoporose é uma doença que acomete pessoas em idade mais avançada (idosos), causando a fragilidade dos ossos, qual das células da charge apresentam maior atuação no desenvolvimento dessa doença? E qual o motivo das mulheres idosas apresentarem a osteoporose com maior frequência? Justifique suas respostas.