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WELCOME toWELCOME toPRESENTED BYPRESENTED BY20132013Competency-Based Language Teaching(CBLT)Merryana Christiani 201012500982Teaching English as a ForeignTeaching English as a ForeignLanguageLanguage
Approach : Theory of Language and Learning of CBLT
Design : Objectives, Syllabus, Learning activities, Roleof Learners, Teachers and Materials Syllabus according to R. Docking (1994) Start with field of knowledge Subject based content and syllabus Objectives Assessment based on norm referencing Receiving marks for performances
CBLT Designed not around the notion of subject knowledge but around the notion ofcompetency Focuses on what students can do with language not what they know aboutlanguage Competency consists of knowledge attitudes, behaviors, for real tasks andactivities
Explanation about relation between competencies and jobperformanceDocking (1994: 11)A unit of competency• a role, function, task or learning module• Change over time, show difference from context to context• An element of competency any quality or characteristic of an individualspecific knowledge, attitudes, thinking process, perceptual and physicalskills independent of context and time building blockTollefson (1986)• Observed that the analysis of jobs don’t develop teaching objectives, they go back to thenineteenth century.
Auerbach in 1986 Provides Eight key featuresof CBE programs in ESLA focus on successful functioning in societyA focus on life skillsTask-or performance-centered orientationModularized instructionOutcomes that are made explicit a prioriContinuous and on going assessmentDemonstrated mastery of performance objectivesIndividualized, student-centered instruction
Spoken & Written English have 4 stagesof Competencies1.Knowledge and Learning Competencies2.Oral Competency3.Reading Competency4.Writing Competency
ConclusioConclusionn Embraced with enthusiasm Criticized practically and philosophically No valid procedures available Impossibility of applying needed competencies (adultliving, survival, functioning proficiently in the community) CBLT Perspective CBLT Appearance “It can confidently be said, as we enter a new millennium,that the business of improving learning competencies andskills will remain one of the world’s fastest growingindustries and priorities”.
English is a difficult language------ for someA few days ago, Prime Minister Mori was given some Basic English conversationtraining before he visits washington and meets president Barack Obama.The instructor told Mori Prime Minister, when you shake hand with PresidentObama, please say “how are you?”.Then Mr Obama should say, “I am fine, and you?”Now you should say “me too”Afterwards we, translator, will do the work for you.It looks quite simple, but the truth is.....When Mori met Obama, he mistakenly said “who are you? (Instead of “How are you?”)Mr Obama was a bit shocked but still managed to react with humor: “Well, I’mMichelle’s husband, ha-ha...”Then Mori replied “Me too, ha-ha...”Then there was a long silence in the meeting room.