2. o Unwelcome sexual
advances, requests for sexual
favors, and other verbal or physical
conduct of a sexual nature.
o SEXUAL HARASSMENT is a behavior.
o It is defined as unwelcome behavior
of a sexual nature.
o For example, a man whistles at a
woman when she walks by. Or a
woman looks a man up and down
when he walks towards her.
WHAT IS SEXUAL HARASSMENT ?
3. SEX DISCRIMINATION
• SEX DISCRIMINATION is a behavior. It occurs when
employment decisions are based on an employees sex or
when an employee is treated differently because of his or
5. Sexual harassment includes many things...
• Actual or attempted rape or
• Unwanted pressure for
• Unwanted deliberate
touching, leaning over,
cornering, or pinching.
• Unwanted sexual looks or
• Unwanted letters, telephone
calls, or materials of a sexual
• Unwanted pressure for
• Unwanted sexual teasing,
jokes, remarks, or questions.
• Referring to an adult as a
girl, hunk, doll, babe, or
• Whistling at someone.
• Cat calls.
• Sexual comments.
6. • Turning work discussions to
• Sexual innuendos or stories.
• Asking about sexual
fantasies, preferences, or
• Personal questions about
social or sexual life.
• Sexual comments about a
person's clothing, anatomy,
• Kissing sounds, howling, and
• Telling lies or spreading
rumors about a person's
personal sex life.
• Staring at someone.
• Sexually suggestive signals.
• Neck massage.
• Touching an employee's
clothing, hair, or body.
• Giving personal gifts.
• Hanging around a person.
• Hugging, kissing, patting, or
• Touching or rubbing oneself
sexually around another
• Standing close or brushing
up against a person.
• Looking a person up and
down (elevator eyes).
• Facial expressions, winking,
throwing kisses, or licking
• Making sexual gestures with
hands or through body
7. Four Ways of Sexual Harassment
• Referring to an adult as a girl, hunk, doll, babe, or honey
• Whistling at someone, cat calls
• Making sexual comments about a person's body
• Making sexual comments
• Turning work discussions to sexual topics
• Telling sexual jokes or stories
8. • Asking personal questions about social or sexual life
• Making kissing sounds, howling, and smacking lips
• Making sexual comments about a person's clothing, , or
• Repeatedly asking out a person who is not interested
• Telling lies or spreading rumors about a person's personal
• Looking a person up and down (Elevator eyes)
• Staring at someone
• Blocking a person's path
• Following the person
• Giving personal gifts
• Displaying sexually suggestive visuals
• Making sexual gestures with hands or through body
• Making facial expressions such as winking, throwing kisses, or
• Giving a massage around the neck or shoulders
• Touching the person's clothing, hair, or body
• Hugging, kissing, patting, or stroking
• Touching or rubbing oneself sexually around another
• Standing close or brushing up against another person
• Electronically sending messages with sexual content, including
pictures and video
• The use of sexually explicit language, harassment, cyber
stalking and threats via all forms of electronic communication
(e-mail, text/picture/video messages, intranet/on-line
postings, blogs, instant messages and social network websites
like Facebook and Twitter).
13. TYPES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT
Quid Pro Quo – Latin term meaning “this for
that”. The term refers to conditions placed
on a person’s career or terms of
employment in return for sexual favors.
14. TYPES OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT
Hostile Environment – occurs when soldiers or
civilians are subjected to offensive, unwanted
and unsolicited comments or behaviors of a
sexual nature. Classified as hostile if behavior
unreasonably interferes with their
-Indirect Approach – Send a letter to the harasser
stating the facts, personal feelings about the
inappropriate behavior and possible resolution.
-Third Party – Request assistance from another
- Chain of Command – Report the behavior to
immediate supervisor or others in chain of
- File a Formal Complaint – take action to formally
file a complaint.
21. THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN AGAINST
SEXUAL HARASSMENT AT WORKPLACE BILL,
oTo provide protection against sexual harassment of women at
workplace and for the prevention and redressal of complaints
of sexual harassment and formatters connected therewith or
oIt extends to the whole of India.
oRatified on the 25th June, 1993
22. Indian Penal Code
• Section 294 –
does any obscene act in any public place, or (b) sings, recites and utters any
obscene songs, ballads or words, in or near any public space.
Punishment - three months, or with fine, or with both.
23. • Section 354
force on any woman, intending to outrage her modesty
or knowing it likely that he will thereby outrage her modesty
Punishment - punished with imprisonment for a term which
may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
• Section 509
Insult and Annoyance
Punishment- simple imprisonment for a term which may
extend to one year, or with fine, or with both..