3D Printing

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A brief description about 3D Printing

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3D Printing

  1. 1. 3D Printing By Deepak A S JLAJEAN020 JCET, Palakkad
  2. 2. What is 3D Printing?  3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model.  Also known as Additive Manufacturing or Rapid Prototyping.  It is an additive process where materials are laid down as layer by layer in different shapes of thickness ranging from 0.0254mm to 1mm to make 3D objects.  This technology uses a 3D Printing machine connected to a computer containing digital image/data of the object (to be printed) for the printing purpose.
  3. 3. History  1984-The technology for printing physical 3D objects from digital data(Stereo lithography) was first developed by Charles Hull.  1986 - Charles Hull founded 3D Systems and developed the first commercial 3D Printing machine, it was called as Stereolithography Apparatus.  1988 - Scott Crump invented Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM).  1993 - Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) patented "3 Dimensional Printing techniques".
  5. 5. 3D CAD Software 3D Printing Software(Zprint)
  6. 6. Types of Printing  Stereolithography: It is an additive manufacturing process using liquid UV-curable photopolymer “resin” and a UV laser to build parts a layer at a time.  Fused deposition modeling (FDM): It is an additive manufacturing which uses hot semi-liquid extrude directly to print objects.  Laminated object manufacturing(LOM) : In this, layers of adhesive- coated paper, plastic or metal laminates are successively glued together and cut to shape with a knife or laser cutter.  Selective laser sintering (SLS): an additive manufacturing technique that uses a high power laser (eg:-, CO2 laser) to fuse small particles of plastic, metal , ceramic or glass powders into a mass that has a desired 3-dimensional shape.
  7. 7. (1) Fused Deposition Modeling(FDM) (2) Stereolithography
  8. 8. (3) Selective laser sintering (SLS) (4) Laminated object manufacturing (LOM)
  9. 9. Frame Head movement mechanism Stepper motor Print head/extruder Building platform Building material 3D PRINTER COMPONENTS Electronics
  10. 10. Modern Printing Machines Zcorp 650Airwolf 3D AW3D v.4 (Prusa)
  11. 11. Materials Used • Thermoplastics : ABS,PLA(poly lactic acid),acrylic, elastoplastics , nylon , polypropylene, polyethylene ,polyamide etc. • Titanium, Stainless Steel, and Tool Steel powders. • Ceramics, glass ,resin, rubber. • Composite powder.
  12. 12. Applications • Architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) • Automotive & Aerospace industry • Education • Archeology & Paleontology • Health care ,Bioprinting , Medical implants • Entertainment & Fashion • Arts & Historic preservation • Concept and functional prototypes • Tools & Parts • Food & Packaging • Furniture &Interior • Jewellery & Foot ware
  13. 13. Advantages • No need of cutting, turning, grinding and drilling etc. • Reduced material wastage. • Saves time & cost. • High surface finish ,precision, quality & strength. • Physical objects of any shape , dimension & complex structure can be made. • No skilled operator is required.
  14. 14. R&D • Auto parts: parts of "Formula 1" car engines, are made by direct laser sintering of metal. • Aircraft parts: F-18 (fighter aircraft) tube for the control system environment. • Research on printing human organs. • 3D Printer Transforms Moon Dirt(Regolith)Into Lunar Base: ESA Project. • Using 3-D Printing Tech, British Airbus Engineers Aim to Print Out an Entire Aircraft Wing. • Merlin Project:Rolls Royce is going to 3D print aircraft engine parts. • Food printer: MIT project to print food recipe’s using food cartridges. • 3D Concrete Printing: A one tone reinforced concrete architectural piece has been produced using this.
  15. 15. Urbee: 1st entirely 3D Printed Car A 3DP Nylon bicycle Replica of face 3D Printed Audi car using robot SULSA:1st 3D Printed RC plane 3D Printed replica of Aston Martin car destructed in Bond movie “Skyfall”. Brain gear model Giant 3-D Printer to Make An Entire House in 20 Hours. 1.5 ton 3D printed lunar block A medical implant A 3D Printed Pipe A 3D Printed lunar base on imagination A 3D Printed metal part 3DP human skull A 3D Printed molecular structure of an enzyme3D Printed landscape 3d Concrete Printed Block
  16. 16. 3DP leg implant 3DP Titanium implant on skull 3DPrinted Jaw 3DP Footwear 3DP Guitar 3DP Wrench 3D printed chair 3D Printed piston engine 3DP cell phone case 3d Printed dental model 3D Printed statue
  17. 17. Conclusion  3DPrinting is an advanced manufacturing process used to built physical objects from digital images.  3D Printing is highly efficient , reliable , time saving & ecofriendly.  3D Printing has applications in wide variety of fields.  It is an emerging technology which has scopes for new developments.
  18. 18. Thank you 19