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Cholas architecture

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

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Cholas architecture

  1. 1. EVOLUTION OF DRAVIDIAN ARCHITECTURE CHOLAS (AD 900 - 1150) PANDYAS (AD 1100 – 1350) VIJAYANAGAR (AD 1350 - 1565) MADURA (AD 1600 -) Imperial Chola rulers of Tanjore developed the Dravidian style of temple architecture almost to perfection. PALLAVAS (AD 600 – 900
  2. 2. DRAVIDIAN ARCHITECTURE UNDER CHOLAS(900-1150 AD) •The two magnificent temples at Tanjore and Gangaikonda Cholapuram in Tiruchirapalli District built in early 11th century A.D. show the best of Chola art. •The cholas desired something granduer in conception to immortalise their glory. •Raja Raja Chola built brihadeshwara temple, Tanjore. The size of the temple was huge and the tower itself 190ft high. It is the greatest step taken by Rajaraja chola in the evolution of temple architecture in the south. •Rajendra Chola built a temple at GangaiKonda Cholapuram which is also equally famous. King Rajendra Chola added credit to the Chola art and architecture. • King Kulothunga I built a temple for Sun God at Kumbakonam. This temple is first of its kind in the south Indian architecture. Rajaraja II built Airavatheeswarar temple at Dharasuram.
  3. 3. BRIHADESWARA TEMPLE, TANJORE An artist’s sketch of Vimana and mandapa of Brihadeshwara temple
  4. 4. •The Brihadeswara or Rajarajeswara Temple of Shiva in Tanjore built by Rajaraja Chola in 1010 A.D. is the largest and highest of Chola temples and stands as a symbol of Chola greatness.
  5. 5. Plan of Brihadeshwara temple, Tanjore GARBHAGRIHA PRADAKSHINAPATH ANTHARALA PILLARED MANDAPA 1 PILLARED MANDAPA 2 ARDHAMANTAPA/ PILLARED PORCH GOPURAM NANDI PAVILION PRAKARA N E
  6. 6. Plan of Brihadeshwara temple Section of Brihadeshwara temple
  7. 7. Section of Brihadeshwara temple
  8. 8. View of Brihadeshwara temple, Tanjore
  9. 9. Nandi, Brihadeshwara temple, Tanjore
  10. 10. Pillars , Brihadeshwara temple, Tanjore
  11. 11. BRIHADESWARA TEMPLE, GANGAIKONDACHOLAPURAM •The temple Shiva at Gangaikonda Cholapuram built by Rajendra 1 Chola (1018 to 1033 A.D.) is another line piece of temple architecture. • Massive grandeur and huge structures decorated with minute sculptures are characteristics of Chola art. Plan of Brihadeshwara temple, Gangaikondacholapuram
  12. 12. Plan of Brihadeshwara temple, Gangaikondacholapuram
  13. 13. Brihadeshwara temple, Gangaikondacholapuram
  14. 14. Comparision of temples at Tanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram

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