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Tibet presentation



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A very informative presentation about the history and current situation of Tibet created by the Tibet Hope Center in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, North India.

Tibet presentation

  1. 1. Do something Tibetan
  2. 2. 1904 - Dalai Lama flees British military expedition under Colonel Francis Younghusband. Britain forces Tibet to sign trading agreement in order to forestall any Russian overtures. 1913 - Tibet reasserts independence after decades of rebuffing attempts by Britain and China to establish control. 1949 - Mao Zedong proclaims the founding of the People's Republic of China and threatens Tibet with "liberation". 1950 - China enforces a long-held claim to Tibet. The Dalai Lama, now aged 15, officially becomes head of state.
  3. 3. 1951 - Tibetan leaders are forced to sign a treaty dictated by China. The treaty, known as the "Seventeen Point Agreement", professes to guarantee Tibetan autonomy and to respect the Buddhist religion, but also allows the establishment of Chinese civil and military headquarters at Lhasa. 1954 - The Dalai Lama visits Beijing for talks with Mao, but China still fails to honour the Seventeen Point Agreement. 1959 March - Full-scale uprising breaks out in Lhasa. Thousands are said to have died during the suppression of the revolt. The Dalai Lama and most of his ministers flee to northern India, to be followed by some 80,000 other Tibetans. 1963 - Foreign visitors are banned from Tibet.
  4. 4. 1965 - Chinese government establishes Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR). 1966 - The Cultural Revolution reaches Tibet and results in the destruction of a large number of monasteries and cultural artefacts. 1971 - Foreign visitors are again allowed to enter the country. Late 1970s - End of Cultural Revolution leads to some easing of repression, though large-scale relocation of Han Chinese into Tibet continues. 1980s - China introduces "Open Door" reforms and boosts investment while resisting any move towards greater autonomy for Tibet. 1988 - China imposes martial law after riots break out. 1995 - The Dalai Lama names a six-year-old boy, Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, as the true reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, the second most important figure in Tibetan Buddhism. The Chinese authorities place the boy under house arrest and designate another six-year-old boy, Gyangchen Norbu, as their officially sanctioned Panchen Lama.
  5. 5. Name: Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama D.O.B: 6 July 1935 Age:77 Current Designation: Spiritual leader of Tibet
  6. 6. Gedhun Choekyi Nyima 23 D.O.B: April 25, 1989 Status: unknown May 14, 1995 recognition date May 17, 1995, Kidnapped
  7. 7. Water. Due to Climate Change the water has become a vital resource for China. Total surface water resources amount to 448.2 billion cubic meters, and underground amount to 110.7 billion cubic meters in Tibet. Many rivers are born in Tibet providing water to its neighbor countries. Being the most important ones: The Indus  Tibet, India and Pakistan. Ganges  Tibet, India and Bangladesh. The headwaters of the Mekong (Lancang Jiang), Yangtze (Chang Jiang), and Huang He (Yellow River).  Tibet, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam Golden Sand - Yangtze River  Tibet and China An many others.
  8. 8. Energy resources. Hydro •Approximately 200 million kilowatts of natural hydro energy annually, or about 30 percent of China's total. Wind energy •93 billion kilowatt-hours (ranking Tibet as the seventh in all China) Solar •One of the top global locations for such power (being China's greatest potential for such energy). Geothermal •More than 100 sites have good geothermal energy reserves. •Tibet's geothermal heat discharge adds up to 550,000 kilocalories per second, equivalent to annual heat generation by 2.4 million tons of standard coal.
  9. 9. Mineral The total value of Tibet's minerals is estimated at £64.8bn by the Chinese government. More than 100 varieties of mineral have been found in Tibet. Among them: Chromites; the largest reserves in China, covering a total area of 2,500 sq m (965 sq miles) and totaling approximately to 10 million tons. Lithium carbonate; discovered in the Shigatse Region has the world's second richest salt lake brine resource. Also, it can be found out others such as Copper (30m-40m tons), High-grade iron ore (more than a billion tons), Zinc (more than 40m tons), Lead (more than 40m tons), conundrum, boron and isinglass, etc.
  10. 10. Flora An area of 7,170,000 hectares (27,683 sq miles) of virgin forests. Vast number of plant species (more than 5,000 different species of higher plants, more than 1000 kinds of medicinal herbs, including 300 kinds of rare Tibetan herbs and 70 kinds of plants with sugar and starch content, which can be processed into raw materials for drugs, textiles, and for making paper and wine).
  11. 11. Fauna 118 species of mammals, 473 of birds, 49 of reptiles, 44 of amphibians and 61 of fishes can be found in Tibet. More than 25% of all insect's types of the world live in Tibet (more than 2.300). Home of rare animals such as panda, chorus, kiangs, wild yaks
  12. 12. Over one million Tibetans have been killed (…and sadly, still counting), including nearly 100,000 Tibetans tortured to death. More than 6.000 Tibetan monasteries destroyed. Nuclear testing been done in the Tibetan plateau. 25 percent of Tibet's forests are clear-cut. 5 billion tons of soil to be lost to erosion every year (due to this rapid deforestation) China currently has at least 300 to 400 nuclear warheads in Tibet
  13. 13. Chinese sterilization gangs, being paid according to a bonus system, roams the country and indiscriminately sterilizing Tibetan women and borting their babies, regardless whether or not they, have had children. In 2010, a mass sterilization campaign of nearly 10,000 women were to sterilization in Guangdong (Tibet) Existence of a slave labour complex in Xining. Political prisoners suffer a range of major human rights abuses (inmates being weakened by hunger, cold, torture and long beatings) . Currently there are 200,000 Chinese and 100,000 Tibetans living in Lhasa, Tibet’s capital.
  14. 14. FB/Blog/My Space/You tube/: Satus, picture, link, article, vieo etc. Sticker: Laptop, car, note books, school notice board, restaurant etc Clothes: T-shirts, Bags, Scarf's Flag: Room, class room, school, college, restaurants etc
  15. 15. Write petitions to your local and national government Become the members of Tibetan NGOs Give talk on Tibet Organize Events
  16. 16. For as long as the sky remains blue, Tibet will never be part of China. But it is possible that China might become part of Tibet  Thank you/thuk-je-chey