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1© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
DATA ARCHITECTURE:
THE FOUNDATION FOR ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE AND GOVERNANCE
FEBR...
2© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 2© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
PRE-FLIGHT...
3© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 3© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
LEMONADE L...
4© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 4© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
AND ALL I ...
5© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 5© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
WHY DO WE ...
6© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 6© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
IN A TYPIC...
7© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 7© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
ENABLE DAT...
8© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 8© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
ARCHITECTU...
9© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 9© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
ARCHITECTU...
10© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 10© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
ER/STUDI...
11© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 11© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
MODELS A...
12© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 12© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
DATA MOD...
13© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 13© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
DATA VAL...
14© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 14© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
DATA - L...
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DATA MOD...
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ENTITY I...
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UNIVERSA...
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DATA MOD...
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ATTACHME...
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DATA LIN...
21© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 21© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved.
DATA FLO...
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BUSINESS...
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BUSINESS...
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BUSINESS...
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HIGH LEV...
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BASIC PR...
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HOW IS T...
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EXPANDED...
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APPLICAT...
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ENABLING...
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APPROACH AND UNDERLYING ARCHITECTURE ARE EVERYTHING!
▪ Metadata Repository only
...
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BUSINESS...
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ENABLING...
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GOVERNAN...
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SPECIFIC...
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HIPAA: S...
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MODEL DR...
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HIPAA: R...
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REFERENC...
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SPECIFIC...
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REFERENC...
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ER/STUDI...
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POST-FLI...
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THANKS!
...
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Data Architecture - The Foundation for Enterprise Architecture and Governance

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Organizations are faced with an increasingly complex data landscape, finding themselves unable to cope with exponentially increasing data volumes, compounded by additional regulatory requirements with increased fines for non-compliance. Enterprise architecture and data governance are often discussed at length, but often with different stakeholder audiences. This can result in complementary and sometimes conflicting initiatives rather than a focused, integrated approach. Data governance requires a solid data architecture foundation in order to support the pillars of enterprise architecture. In this session, IDERA’s Ron Huizenga will discuss a practical, integrated approach to effectively understand, define and implement an cohesive enterprise architecture and data governance discipline with integrated modeling and metadata management.

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Data Architecture - The Foundation for Enterprise Architecture and Governance

  1. 1. 1© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA ARCHITECTURE: THE FOUNDATION FOR ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE AND GOVERNANCE FEBRUARY 5, 2019 Ron Huizenga Senior Product Manager, Enterprise Architecture & Modeling @DataAviator
  2. 2. 2© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 2© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. PRE-FLIGHT BRIEFING ▪ Business challenges • “Lemonade Logistics” ▪ Why do we need architecture? ▪ What is it? • Enterprise Architecture (EA) disciplines ▪ Data value and lifecycle ▪ How do we put it all together? • Integrated modeling • Data architecture • Business architecture • Technical architecture • Collaborative data governance ▪ Q&A
  3. 3. 3© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 3© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. LEMONADE LOGISTICS
  4. 4. 4© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 4© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. AND ALL I WANTED WAS ….
  5. 5. 5© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 5© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. WHY DO WE NEED ARCHITECTURE? Evolution: ▪ 38 years of construction ▪ 147 builders ▪ No Blueprints ▪ No Planning Result: • 7 stories • 65 doors to blank walls • 13 staircases abandoned • 24 skylights in floors • 160 rooms, 950 doors • 47 fireplaces, 17 chimneys • Miles of hallways • Secret passages in walls • 10,000 window panes (all bathrooms are fitted with windows)
  6. 6. 6© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 6© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. IN A TYPICAL ORGANIZATION WE WILL FIND: ▪ Proliferation of disparate systems ▪ ERP, mismatched departmental solutions ▪ SAAS (externally controlled and managed), cloud ▪ Obsolete legacy systems ▪ Poor decommissioning strategy ▪ Point-to-point interfaces ▪ Data warehouse, data marts, ETL … ▪ Multiplied n times due to mergers, acquisitions
  7. 7. 7© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 7© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ENABLE DATA GOVERNANCE WITH ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE
  8. 8. 8© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 8© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ARCHITECTURE DEFINITIONS ▪ Enterprise Architecture • A defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. • Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changes necessary to execute their strategies. ▪ Data Architecture • Data architecture is composed of models, policies, rules or standards that govern which data is collected, and how it is stored, arranged, integrated, and put to use in data systems and in organizations.
  9. 9. 9© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 9© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ARCHITECTURE DEFINITIONS ▪ Business Architecture • “A blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands.” • From the Business Architecture Body of Knowledge ▪ Application Architecture • Describes the behavior of applications used in a business, focused on how they interact with each other and with users. It is focused on the data consumed and produced by applications rather than their internal structure. Applications are mapped to business functions. ▪ Technical Architecture • Computer system architecture 'layer' which defines and specifies the interfaces, parameters, and protocols used by product architecture and system architecture layers.
  10. 10. 10© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 10© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ER/STUDIO ENTERPRISE TEAM EDITION
  11. 11. 11© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 11© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. MODELS ARE CRUCIAL! (ZACHMAN FRAMEWORK) What How Where Who When Why Contextual Material List Process List Geographical Locations List Organizational Unit & Role List Event List Goal List Conceptual Entity Relationship Model Process Model Locations Model Organizational Unit & Role Relationship Model Event Model Goal Relationship Logical Logical Data Model Process Diagarm Locations Diagram Role Relationship Diagram Event Diagram Rules Diagram Physical Physical Data Model Process Function Specification Location Specification Role Specification Event Specification Rules Specification Detailed Data Details Process Details Location Details Role Details Event Details Rules Details
  12. 12. 12© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 12© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA MODELS ▪ Conceptual • Technology-neutral, high-level layout of entities and their relationships • Used to establish contextual consensus among modeling domain stakeholders ▪ Logical • Adds detail to conceptual models in a technology-neutral rendering • More context on the entity relationships, including terms and definitions ▪ Physical • Tied to a particular database implementation • Includes implementation-level details such as indexing and federation ABSTRACTION ELABORATION
  13. 13. 13© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 13© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA VALUE CHAIN Data Data is the representation of facts as text, numbers, graphics, images sound or video Information Definition Format Timeframe Relevance =+ Information is Data in context. Without context, data is meaningless. Knowledge Patterns & Trends Relationships Assumptions =+ Knowledge is information in perspective, integrated into a viewpoint based upon the recognition and interpretation of patterns (i.e. trends) formed with other information and experience.
  14. 14. 14© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 14© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA - LIFECYCLE ▪ Describes how a data element is created, read, updated, deleted (CRUD) ▪ Many factors come into play • Business rules • Business processes • Applications ▪ There may be more than 1 way a particular data element is created ▪ Need to model: • Business process • Data lineage • Data flow • Integration • Include Extract Transform and Load (ETL) for data warehouse/data marts and staging areas Create/Collect Classify Store Use/ModifyShare Retain/Archive Destroy
  15. 15. 15© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 15© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA MODELING CONTEXT Implementation Models Categories CustomerCustomerDemo CustomerDemographicsCustomers Employees EmployeeTerritories Order Details Orders Products Region Shippers Suppliers Territories Data Warehouse Enterprise Model(s) Enterprise Data Dictionaries ConceptualModels
  16. 16. 16© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 16© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ENTITY INSTANCES Repository Universal Mappings
  17. 17. 17© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 17© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. UNIVERSAL MAPPINGS ▪ Ability to link “like” or related objects • Within same model file • Across separate model files ▪ Entity/Table level ▪ Attribute/Column level
  18. 18. 18© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 18© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA MODEL CONSTRUCTS ▪ Full Specification • Logical • Physical ▪ Persistence Boundaries • Business Data Objects ▪ Descriptive metadata • Names • Definitions (data dictionary) • Notes ▪ Implementation characteristics • Data types • Keys • Indexes • Views ▪ Business Rules • Relationships (referential constraints) • Value Restrictions (constraints) ▪ Security Classifications + Rules ▪ Governance Metadata • Master Data Management classes • Data Quality classifications • Retention policies
  19. 19. 19© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 19© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ATTACHMENTS (METADATA EXTENSIONS)
  20. 20. 20© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 20© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA LINEAGE (ANALYTICS/BI)
  21. 21. 21© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 21© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. DATA FLOW AND LINEAGE (ADVANCING THROUGH LIFECYCLE)
  22. 22. 22© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 22© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. BUSINESS ARCHITECTURE Capabilities Organization Value Streams Information Products, Services Metrics, Measures Projects, Initiatives Vision, Strategy, Tactics Policies, Rules, Regulations Customers, Partners, Competitors Decisions, Events Who? Where? Why? What? How? When? How well? Who? Where? Why? What? What? How?
  23. 23. 23© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 23© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. BUSINESS DECOMPOSITION
  24. 24. 24© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 24© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. BUSINESS DECOMPOSITION: PARTIAL VIEW
  25. 25. 25© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 25© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. HIGH LEVEL PROCESS CONTEXT
  26. 26. 26© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 26© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. BASIC PROCESS
  27. 27. 27© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 27© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. HOW IS THE DATA USED IN BUSINESS PROCESSES?
  28. 28. 28© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 28© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. EXPANDED PROCESS DETAIL (NEXT LEVEL)
  29. 29. 29© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 29© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. APPLICATION & TECHNICAL ARCHITECTURE - MODELS Use Case sd Interaction User ATM Clearinghouse Bank 2.1.1: Eject Card2.1.1: Eject Card 1: Insert card1: Insert card 2.1: Reject Card2.1: Reject Card 1.1: Verify Card1.1: Verify Card 1.1.1: Verify Account1.1.1: Verify Account 2: Account Invalid2: Account Invalid Sequence State Also: Activity Class Communication Component Composite Structure Deployment
  30. 30. 30© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 30© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ENABLING GOVERNANCE Data Governance Data Architecture Data Modeling & Design Data Storage & Operations Data Security Data Integration & Interoperability Documents & Content Reference & Master Data Data Warehousing & Business Intelligence MetaData Data Quality
  31. 31. 31© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. APPROACH AND UNDERLYING ARCHITECTURE ARE EVERYTHING! ▪ Metadata Repository only • Metadata import • Metadata Catalog (without visual models) • Text search & lookup • Like the “Flat Earth Society” ▪ Fully integrated metadata and visual models (ER/Studio) • Global perspective & focal point for: • Data Models, Business Process Models • Visual Data Lineage • Metadata, Policies, Reference Data
  32. 32. 32© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 32© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. BUSINESS GLOSSARIES ▪ Alignment to functional areas ▪ Child glossaries inherit a subset of parent terms ▪ No limit to hierarchy level
  33. 33. 33© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 33© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ENABLING KNOWLEDGE: BUSINESS GLOSSARY INTEGRATION
  34. 34. 34© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 34© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. GOVERNANCE POLICY CATALOG
  35. 35. 35© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 35© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. SPECIFIC REGULATION (HIPAA)
  36. 36. 36© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 36© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. HIPAA: SPECIFIC POLICY STATEMENTS
  37. 37. 37© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 37© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. MODEL DRIVEN SECURITY ALERTS
  38. 38. 38© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 38© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. HIPAA: RELATED POLICY STATEMENTS FOR THE OBJECT
  39. 39. 39© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 39© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. REFERENCE DATA SET LIBRARY
  40. 40. 40© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 40© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. SPECIFIC REFERENCE DATA SETS (LINK TO SOURCE)
  41. 41. 41© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 41© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. REFERENCE DATA: LINKED WORKBOOK EXAMPLE
  42. 42. 42© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 42© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. ER/STUDIO ENTERPRISE TEAM EDITION: INTEGRATED MODELING, ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE, GOVERNANCE COLLABORATION PLATFORM Enterprise Data Dictionaries Logical & Physical Data Models Dimensional Models Visual Data Lineage Conceptual Data Models Business Process Models Goals & Strategies Applications Business Units Business Rules Stewards Business Glossaries Business Concepts Reference Data Sets Policies Alerts & Notifications Security Follow Capability Discussion Threads Data Sources
  43. 43. 43© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 43© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. POST-FLIGHT DEBRIEF ▪ Business is becoming increasingly complex ▪ Enterprise architecture is essential to decipher complexity • Data – Process -- Technology ▪ Data is a fundamental building block of every organization • Rooted in the past • A key indicator of the present • A strategic asset of the future ▪ Data architecture is the foundation for enterprise architecture and governance • All things in the organization are represented by data ▪ We must leverage data and unlock the value chain • Data – Information – Knowledge • Knowledge provides strategic advantage ▪ Business architecture provides the context of how an organization works and allows it to adapt • Business enablement • Goals and strategies • Who, what, where, when, why? ▪ Visual modeling is more important than ever before! • Data modeling, process modeling, data lineage, metadata ▪ Governance helps us to comprehend and manage all of it.
  44. 44. 44© 2016 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. Proprietary and confidential. 44© 2019 IDERA, Inc. All rights reserved. THANKS! Any questions? You can find me at: ron.huizenga@idera.com @DataAviator

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