•In disaster risk reduction, local communities shall be
taken into primary consideration and become the focus
of support and attention since they are the most
affected and are in the frontline in times of disasters.
•Disaster risk assessment shall be conducted at the local
and national level in order to reduce risk.
•In vulnerability assessment, the people that are
vulnerable due to hazard exposure are identified and
Elements of CBDRRM:
• People’s Participation – it aims at exploring solutions
to the issues and concerns in an appropriate way by
giving them responsibilities to contribute to the
sustainable implementation of disaster activities.
Community participation starts from planning to
implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
• The priority sectors include vulnerable sectors in the urban
areas such as the urban poor and informal settlers and in
the rural areas, which consist of the subsistence farmers,
fisherfolk, and indigenous people.
• The measures applied in risk reduction are community
specific and defined based on the community’s disaster
• It builds on common social and organizational values and
mechanisms such as cooperation, community/people’s
organization, local knowledge, and resources.
• The goal is to reduce vulnerabilities and build resilient
• It includes addressing the roots of people’s
vulnerabilities and contributes in transforming and
eliminating structures that breed inequity and
• Institutions such as the government and
nongovernmental organizations have a role to play.
Principles of CBDM:
In order to keep actions and initiatives on the right track, the Center for
Disaster Preparedness (CDP) consolidated and formulated principles of
1. Participatory Process and Content
6. Multisectoral and multidisciplinary