2. Why we decided to do this
Shannon Polee: 2 parent house hold, Involved
Mom, Involved Dad, Involved siblings.
Dafne Melgar: Migrant and no parent
Due to our varying circumstances, we decided
to further explore the topic of parent/ family
engagement within the South East San Diego
community. We chose this community because it
has a YMCA/support system right in the heart of
its impoverished and underprivileged community.
3. Jackie Robinson YMCA
• Predominantly Latino and
• War zone between 53
• 51 homicides in 2011
• Hundreds of unsolved
4. YMCA PHILOSOPHY
The YMCA states:
“Its for Everybody”
“We build strong kids, strong families and strong
Our research question began to take shape
through analyzing how the YMCA does this, and
we discovered that parents are at the center of
the community and are at the heart of the
6. What is parent involvement
according to educational
Field trip chaperones
Help in fundraising projects
Attending school conferences
Home work assistance
Volunteer in sports
Help to make decisions in the school
7. General Methodology
This community needs assessment of parent involvement at the
JRYMCA was carried out through surveys, individual interviews, and
group interviews that took place at the YMCA site.
-Participants: There were 266 persons who participated in the survey.
There were 15 parents who participated in interviews, represented
mostly by Latina and African American women in their early 30’s and
up. There was 1 African American male and 1 Latino male.
10 staff members participated in the interviews including front desk
clerks, volunteers, athletic coaches, bus drivers, administrative staff,
camp counselors, health/fitness staff and out reach counselors.
We planned and conducted these interviews and surveys over a
course of a month.
Protocols: This taxonomy identifies 4 dimensions that express details
about parent involvement in this community. (1) Parent Perceptions
(2) Staff perceptions (3) Parent Suggestions (4) Staff suggestions
8. Survey Questions
How many of your children currently participate in programs
managed by the Jackie Robinson Family YMCA?
About how long have you lived in the JRYMCA service area?
How involved have you been in parent led efforts at your child’s
What challenges do you face when it comes to being more
involved in your child’s school?
How confident are you in your ability to support your child’s
learning at home?
How often do you help your child engage in educational
activities that are outside the home?
Would you like to participate in a 15-minute interview at the
Jackie Robinson YMCA?
If yes, please leave your contact information and our UCSD
McNair Scholars Dafne Melgar and Shannon Polee will schedule
your in person interview
9. WHAT PARENT
INVOLVEMENT IS FOR THIS
Discussing why education is important to children
Teaching children about their culture
Finding community resources for children
Quality time with children
Motivating children in school and after school
Support: Financial, emotional and physical
14. Interview Results: Parent Issues
Parents drop their kids off, but do not stay because there are not many
Parents are not aware of the information the YMCA has to offer. Not enough
people know about the resources there.
Parents do not think that they have the skills or requirements necessary to
facilitate workshops and events.
Some feel afraid and unwelcome due to financial obligations.
Generational cycle of Parents not being there
Parents wish there was more organization and more funding at the JRYMCA.
Parents are afraid to reveal things about themselves such as immigrant status or
details that would affect the volunteer background check.
side of the zip-code, therefore get limited alerts and assistance
Many parents do not qualify for a lot of financial assistance, even though they
are living paycheck to paycheck.
Surveys do not make a difference if no effective action comes as a result.
15. Staff Issues
Parents exploit the security of the JRYMCA and turn it into a babysitting
Everybody does not qualify for financial aid
The YMCA is a non profit organization, therefore there is a limited
amount of funds available
There are too many roles and not enough staff: many of the staff are
volunteers and are not all dedicated
Has an outreach director, but no resource counselors to help students
with scholarships and academic issues
There is a sense of community culture v YMCA culture: Many families
feel entitled and feels that the YMCA owes this something. They want
more for less.
17. Parent/Staff Suggestions
More family activities
Mandatory parent and child chaperoning events
Taking the opportunity to find out what parents are willing to do
Create activities that can reach a diverse range of people
Send Text alerts for busier parents/ make face book event
Create a family newsletter and out up parent wall
Advertise more free and easy activities such as dodge ball, father-
son basketball day, mother and daughter tea-party or jump rope
Training Workshops- Tips and advice for parents to volunteer.
Informative parent workshops on health, sex, academics, etc.
FRIENDLY STAFF MEMBERS AND VOLUNTEERS
LOCATIONS AROUND SAN DIEGO COUNTY
20. Harris, Marry M., Arminta Jacobson &Rebecca Hemmer (2004). Preparing Teachers to
Engage Parents. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Famy Research Project.
Kan, Deniz. “Parent Involvement Activities from Parent’s Point of View” International
Journal of Academic Research 3.6 (2011): 130-158.
Overstreet S., Devine J., Bevans K., Efreom Y. (2005). Predicting parental involvement
in children’s schooling within an economically disadvantaged African American
sample. Psychology in the Schools, 42(1), 101-111.
Smalley, S. Y., & Reyes-Blanes, M. E. (2001). Reaching out to African American parents
in an urban community: A community-university partnership. Urban Education, 36,
Williams, Terrinieka T., and Bernadette Sánchez. "Identifying And Decreasing Barriers
To Parent Involvement For Inner-City Parents." Youth & Society 45.1 (2013): 54-74.
Academic Search Complete. Web. 10 July 2013.
Constranting stories. Although my mom had an educational background in Mexico, when we came to this country she didn’t know how to help me because she didn’t know how the USA school system works. And she didn’t speak language.
Jackie Robinson was the first African American who make it in major leagues s. 51 homicides, compared to 31 homicides reported by mid-year in 2010.
Posted every where
Some of you might be familiar with the next statements of what parental involvement is according to some US educational experts.
Perceptions are based on surveys and interviews.
What we got from the community responses about parental
Even though we have all these wonderful ideas about parent involvement, no one in this community has found a way to implement a large amount of parental involvement throughout the YMCA. So, Why is that? After surveying parents our findings show
So what are the issues parents and staff have in common?
Why is this important: We have stressed the importance of parent involvement at the YMCA, but why it is extremely important is because it makes a huge difference on our children’s futures. Moe parent support or lack there of can be the determining factors to how academically successful children become later on in life.