E-WASTE : PROBLEMS AND IT’S SOLUTION
SCHOOL OF STUDIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
PT. RAVISHANKAR SHUKLA UNIVERSITY RAIPUR (C.G.)
PRESENTED BY – DAMINI SAHU
M.Sc. (3rd SEMESTER)
• WHY IS E-WASTE A PROBLEM?
• SOURCES OF E-WASTE
• E-WASTE AFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT
• SOURCES AND IT’S HEALTH EFFECT
• WHAT DO WE DO WITH THIS WASTE ?
• E-WASTE ECO-PARK
• COMPONENT AND STRUCTURE OF E-WASTE ECO-PARK
• PRACTICAL ISSUE WITH E-WASTE ECO-PARK
• WHY IS E-WASTE AWARENESS IMPORTANT?
• ADVANTAGES OF ECO-PARK
E-Waste is a term used to cover items of all
types of electrical and electronic equipment
(EEE) and it’s parts that have been discarded
by the owner as waste without the intention
According to nation university
global e-waste monitoring 2020,
in 2019 Total global e-waste
generated 53.6 million tonnes in
world wide, and estimated to be
increased 38% in 2030.
In Delhi per year Two lakh(200,00)
e-waste are generated.
WHY IS E-WASTE A PROBLEM ?
SOURCES OF E-WASTE
DOMESTIC HOSPITALS GOVERNMENT
Fan and AC
Fan and AC
Fan and AC
E-WASTE AFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT
Improper disposal of these electronic wastes affects the
environment which shows on :
• Electronic waste can contribute to air pollution.
• Toxic chemicals are released into the air and damaging the
• Heavy metals in the e-waste can directly from e-waste
into the soil.
• Harmful to microorganisms and plant metabolism.
• Damage cell structure and reduced growth rate of
• Causes the contamination of underlying groundwater.
• Acidification of surface waterways.
• Kill marine and freshwater organisms.
• Disrupt biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems.
Metal Sources Health effect
Lead Glass panels , gaskets of computer monitors ,and circuit
Lead causes damage to the central nervous
system , blood system , kidney and
Cadmium Infrared detectors and semiconductor chips. Toxic cadmium compounds accumulate in
human body, specially the kidneys.
Mercury Mercury is used in thermostats, sensors, lamp, mobile
phones and in batteries.
Mercury can cause damage to organs
including the brain and kidneys.
Chromium Chromium is used as corrosion protector and use in
Chromium can cause damage to DNA and
extremely toxic in the environment.
Barium Barium is a soft silvery white metal that is used in
in the front panel to protect users from radiation.
Barium causes brain swelling, muscle
weakness, damage to the heart , liver .
Beryllium Beryllium is commonly found on motherboards and finger
Exposure to beryllium can cause lung cancer,
Arsenic Cathode ray tube etc. Arsenic can causes lung and skin cancers
may cause other cancer.
SOURCES AND ITS HEALTH EFFECT
WHAT DO WE DO WITH THIS E-WASTE ?
• Once the waste arrive at the Eco-park,
• An operator shows the individual where each item should be
• When the containers are full, they are transferred to plants where the
usable materials are recycled and converted into new raw materials.
• Products that are particularly hazardous are treated prior to recovery
or disposal in order to avoid environmental and health problems.
Delhi to get nations first
E-waste eco-park where Dismantling,
Re-cycling, Disposal and
Re-manufacturing of the E-waste will be
done in a safe and scientific manner.
On February 24, 2022, the Deputy Chief
Minister of Delhi, Mr. Manish Sisodia,
announced that Delhi will get India’s first
ECO PARK OPERATORS ECO-PARK OPERATORS
Output Materials Warehouse
Power Unit Water Supply
COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURE OF E-WASTE ECO-PARK
Flow of material and finances
Recycler Carrier Collector
PRACTICAL ISSUE WITH E-WASTE ECO-PARK
1. Physical characteristics:-
E-waste-Mixed with biodegradable waste.
Presence of hazardous waste.
2. Lack of awareness.
3. Unplanned growth & development of cities.
4. This results in many life-threatening incidents like fires
5. It also impacts the health of waste handlers.
WHY IS E-WASTE AWARENESS IMPORTANT
• These discarded products affect the environment
• Apart from affecting the environment, it can also affect
the health of the people;
Hence, managing this E-waste effectively is
important and its awareness is also important.
ADVANTAGES OF ECO-PARK
• Effective management of e-waste.
• Create jobs and boost the economy.
• It will have facilities for extraction of precious metals like
gold, silver, copper among others, especially from Printed
Circuit Boards (PCBs) through high-end technologies.
• There will be end-to-end processing of e-waste with zero
• Recycled material can be used on developing new
E-waste can contain hazardous substances and its
improper treatment leads to adverse effects for
human health and the environment.
Our eco-park will reduce pollution across the capital.
In India ninety-five percentage of the e-waste is
being recycled in non-formal sector and only five
percentage e-waste recycle in formal unit.
1. A. K. De, Environmental science, NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL (P) LIMITED,
PUBLISHERS , New Delhi,7th Edn .(2012).
2. Rupendra Singh, Fundamental of Environmental Science, CATALYST ,CENTER
OF EXCELLENCE (P) LIMITED, Bara Chand Ganj , Kapoor Thala Lucknow,6th
3. E. Yoheeswaran, E-Waste Management in India (2013), GRA-GLOBAL
RESEARCH ANALYSIS, Pondicherry,10(2),4,5-9.
4. Rama Mohana R. Turaga, and Kalyan Bhaskar et al , E-waste Management in
India : Issues and Strategies, THE JOURNAL FOR DESIGN
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