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Open data for open scholarship - where we are

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Open data for open scholarship - where we are - Kevin Ashley
(Digital Curation Center)

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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Open data for open scholarship - where we are

  1. 1. Open data for open scholarship: where are we? Kevin Ashley Digital Curation Centre www.dcc.ac.uk @kevingashley Kevin.ashley@ed.ac.uk Reusable with attribution: CC-BY The DCC is supported by Jisc
  2. 2. My home – the DCC • Mission – to increase capability and capacity for research data services in UK institutions • Not just a UK problem – an international one • Training, shared services, guidance, policy, standards, futures 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 2
  3. 3. Before where - WHY? 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 3
  4. 4. Data reuse stories • The palaeontologist who saved years of work with archaeological data 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 4
  5. 5. What a paleontologist looks at 1m Now 100 million years ago 25m 50m 75m 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 5
  6. 6. What a paleontologist looks at 100,000 500,000 750,000 Now 1m 1 million Now years 100 million years ago 25m 50m 75m 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 6
  7. 7. What an archaeologist looks at 100,000 500,000 750,000 Now 1 million years 100,000 years ago 75,000 25,000 50,000 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 7
  8. 8. Data reuse stories • The palaeontologist who saved years of work with archaeological data • The 19th-century ships logs that help us model climate change 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 8
  9. 9. The Old weather project Data for research, not from research 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 9
  10. 10. Data reuse stories • The palaeontologist who saved years of work with archaeological data • The 19th-century ships logs that help us model climate change • The ‘noise’ from research radar that mapped dust from Eyjafjallajökull 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 10
  11. 11. Data reuse - messages Often your data tells stories that your publications do not Not all data comes from other researchers Discipline-bounded data discovery doesn’t give us all we need or want One person’s noise is another person’s signal 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 11
  12. 12. Data reuse from Hubble 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 12
  13. 13. G8UK - Endorses OA Open Data Charter Policy Paper 18 June 2013 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 13
  14. 14. Why does this matter? • Research quality – How close can we get to the truth? • Research speed – How quickly can we get to the truth? • Research finance – How much does the truth cost? • Improving one or more of these is of interest to all actors: • Researchers as data creators • Researchers as data reusers • Research institutions • Funders – hence government and society 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 14
  15. 15. Open scholarship – the wider picture • Not just about open papers, open data • Software, methods, workflows are all important • Data need not be open – but its existence must be • Data: DISCOVERABLE & REUSABLE 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 15
  16. 16. FUNDER POLICY UNIVERSITY RESPONSE 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 16
  17. 17. Funder requirements • UK http://www.epsrc.ac.uk/about/standards/researchdata/Pages/policyframework.aspx • USA – NSF, NEH, NIH • Europe • Denmark – in development • Most place burden on researcher – some on the institution 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 17
  18. 18. RCUK policy - The 1-minute version • Research data are a public good – make openly available in timely & responsible way • Have policies & plans. Data with long-term value should be preserved & usable • Metadata for discovery & reuse. Link publications & data • Sometimes law, ethics get in the way. We understand. • Limited embargos OK. Recognition is important – always cite data sources • OK to use public money to do this. Do it efficiently. 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 18
  19. 19. DCC Policy Summary http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/policy-and-legal 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 19
  20. 20. 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 20
  21. 21. Research data centres are good value! • See Jisc reports on ADS, BADC, UKDA: • Returns on investment between 400% and 1200% http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/di_dir ections/strategicdirections/badc.aspx 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 21
  22. 22. Research Data Centres – the solution! MANY AREAS OF RESEARCH HAVE NO DATA CENTRE TO SERVE THEM 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 22
  23. 23. INSTITUTIONAL SERVICES 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 23
  24. 24. DCC guidance 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 24
  25. 25. Roles and Responsibilities What data to keep 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 25
  26. 26. Some example services • Storage – persistent, shareable • Permanent, citeable identifiers • Data Management Planning (DMPOnline, DMPTool) • Database as a service (e.g. Oxford ORDS) • Embed tools in Excel – Dataup, others • Workflow management - Taverna 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 26
  27. 27. 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 27
  28. 28. Make data creation easier 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 28
  29. 29. Make data citable • Making data available increases citations • Everyone – academic, funder, institution – loves citations • Want evidence? – Alter, Pienta, Lyle – 240%, social sciences * – Piwowar, Vision – 9% (microarray data)† – Henneken, Accomazzi – 20% (astronomy) # # Edwin Henneken, Alberto Accomazzi, (2011) Linking to Data - Effect on Citation Rates in Astronomy. http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.3618 * Amy Pienta, George Alter, Jared Lyle, (2010) The Enduring Value of Social Science Research: The Use and Reuse of Primary Research Data. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78307 † Piwowar H, Vision TJ. (2013) Data reuse & the open data citation advantage. PeerJ PrePrints 1:e1v1 http://dx.doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.1v1 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 29
  30. 30. http://dataintelligence.3tu.nl/en/home/ Choice of RDM training materials for librarians Up-skilling for data http://datalib.edina.ac.uk/mantra/libtraining.html 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 30
  31. 31. Make data discoverable • Data must be discoverable to be reused • Alone, or in conjunction with publication • Institutional catalogues, national data registries – JISC is piloting through DCC • We are copying Australian approach 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 31
  32. 32. Pimp your data – make it findable & reusable Gking.harvard.edu/data 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 32
  33. 33. Commercial services 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 33
  34. 34. SWEDEN DENMARK? CANADA 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 34
  35. 35. My message to you • Help researchers understand the benefits to them of sharing their data • Help them discover & reuse data • Give them tools that help the process • Work to ensure they get credit for data citation 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 35
  36. 36. My message to researchers • The credit belongs to you • The data belongs to all of us • Share, and we all reap the benefits 2014-10-07 Kevin Ashley –Confoa-2014 - CC-BY 36

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