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Prostrate Enlargement-Must read for men above 40

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Prostrate Enlargement-Must read for men above 40

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An enlarged prostate is the slow growth of the prostate gland, which is involved in the production of seminal fluid and reproductive function in men. The prostate wraps around the tube that transports urine out of the bladder. It is very common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. An enlarged prostate is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is generally not caused by infection or cancer.
As a man matures, the prostate grows. At puberty, the prostate doubles in size. At about age 25, the prostate gland grows again, and this can lead to an enlarged prostate as a man enters his 40s (Source: NIDDK).
An enlarged prostate many not cause any symptoms or noticeable problems in some men. However, as men age, an enlarged prostate may grow to the point where it presses on the bladder and urethra, causing urine flow to be slower and less forceful. Symptoms of enlarged prostate are very common in men in the 60s and extremely common in men in their 70s and 80s.
If an enlarged prostate prevents complete emptying of your bladder, it may lead to a urinary tract infection or permanent damage to your bladder, including the inability to control urination (incontinence). The earlier the enlarged prostate is found, the more effective treatment will be, lowering the risk for complications.

An enlarged prostate is the slow growth of the prostate gland, which is involved in the production of seminal fluid and reproductive function in men. The prostate wraps around the tube that transports urine out of the bladder. It is very common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. An enlarged prostate is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is generally not caused by infection or cancer.
As a man matures, the prostate grows. At puberty, the prostate doubles in size. At about age 25, the prostate gland grows again, and this can lead to an enlarged prostate as a man enters his 40s (Source: NIDDK).
An enlarged prostate many not cause any symptoms or noticeable problems in some men. However, as men age, an enlarged prostate may grow to the point where it presses on the bladder and urethra, causing urine flow to be slower and less forceful. Symptoms of enlarged prostate are very common in men in the 60s and extremely common in men in their 70s and 80s.
If an enlarged prostate prevents complete emptying of your bladder, it may lead to a urinary tract infection or permanent damage to your bladder, including the inability to control urination (incontinence). The earlier the enlarged prostate is found, the more effective treatment will be, lowering the risk for complications.

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Prostrate Enlargement-Must read for men above 40

  1. 1. Col Mukeshwar Prasad(Retd) Based on input of my course mate Brig Sharma Prostrate Enlargement (MEN - MY CHILDHOOD; MY MANHOOD; MY PROSTATE .. MUST READ)
  2. 2. Introduction  Is prostate strictly for men?  Yes, ONLY men have prostate and ONLY men over 40 years but the healthcare enlightenment is for everyone.  There is no woman who does not know a man 40 years and above – father, uncle, brother, son, friend, neighbor, colleague …  Essentially it is responsible health promotion and it must provide three things:  Information  Reassurance  A plan of action.  2. Background on prostate health:  Everyone has a pair of kidneys. The job of the kidney is to remove waste. It is the LAWMA (waste management company) of your body. Everyday your blood passes through the kidney several times to be filtered. As the blood is filtered, urine is formed and stored in a temporary storage tank called the urinary bladder.
  3. 3. Introduction  3. If there were to be no urinary bladder, as a man walks on the road, urine will be dropping.  Now think of the plumbing work in your house.  Think of the urinary bladder as the overhead storage tank.  From the storage tank, a good plumber will run pipes to other parts of the house.  God in His wisdom ran pipes from our urinary bladder to the tip of the penis.  The pipe is called the urethra.  Just below the bladder and surrounding the urethra is a little organ called the prostate gland.  4. The prostate gland is the size of a walnut and weighs about 20 gm. Its job is to make the seminal fluid which is stored in the seminal vesicle  During sexual intercourse, seminal fluid comes down the urethra and mixes with the sperms produced in the testicles to form the semen.  So semen is not sperm, it is sperm + seminal fluid. 5. After age 40, for reasons that may be hormonal, the prostate gland begins to enlarge. From 20 gm it may grow to almost 100 gm.
  4. 4. Symptoms  Frequent urination at night  Frequent urination that often produces only a small amount of urine  Hesitant or interrupted urine stream  Leaking or dribbling urine  Sudden and urgent need to urinate  Weak urine stream  TERMINAL DRIPPLING:  The man begins to notice that after urinating and repacking, urine still drops on his pants.  This is the reason why after an older man urinates, he has to ring bell.  A younger man simply delivers to the last drop and walks away.  HESISTANCY:  At this point you wait longer for the urine flow to start.  There are 2 valves that must open for you to urinate – the internal and external sphincters.  Both open but because of obstructions in the urethra, you wait long for the flow to start.  INCOMPLETE EMPTYING:-You have this feeling immediately after urinating that
  5. 5. EFFECT  7. As all these things happen, the bladder begins to work harder to compensate for the obstruction in the urethra.  The frequency of urination goes up.  Urgency sets in.  Sometimes you have to practically run into the toilet.  You wake up more than 2 times at night to urinate.  Your wife begins to complain.  8. Then the more serious complications start.  Stored urine gets infected and there may be burning sensation when urinating.  Stored urine forms crystals.  Crystals come together to form stone either in the bladder or in the kidney.  Stones may block the urethra. 
  6. 6. EFFECT  Chronic urinary retention sets in.  The bladder stores more and more urine.  The size of the bladder is 40 - 60 cl.  A bottle of coke is 50 cl.  As the bladder stores more urine it can enlarge up to 300 cl.  An overfilled bladder may leak and this leads to wetting / urinary incontinence.  Also the volume may put pressure on the kidney and may lead to kidney damage.  What may likely bring the man to hospital is acute urinary retention. He wakes up one day and he is not able to pass urine.  9. Everything described above is associated with prostate enlargement, technically called benign prostate hyperplasia.  The bad news is that every man will have prostate enlargement if he lives long enough.
  7. 7. EFFECT  Chronic urinary retention sets in.  The bladder stores more and more urine.  The size of the bladder is 40 - 60 cl.  A bottle of coke is 50 cl.  As the bladder stores more urine it can enlarge up to 300 cl.  An overfilled bladder may leak and this leads to wetting / urinary incontinence.  Also the volume may put pressure on the kidney and may lead to kidney damage.  What may likely bring the man to hospital is acute urinary retention. He wakes up one day and he is not able to pass urine.  9. Everything described above is associated with prostate enlargement, technically called benign prostate hyperplasia. I have bad news and good news:  The bad news is that every man will have prostate enlargement if he lives long enough.
  8. 8. Good News  The good news is that there are life style changes that can help the man after 40 to maintain optimum prostate health.  Nutrition  Look at what you eat.  33% of all cancers, according to the US National Cancer Institute is related to what we eat.  Red meat everyday triples your chances of prostate disease.  Milk everyday doubles your risk.  Not taking fruits/ vegetables daily quadruples your risk.  Tomatoes are very good for men. If that is the only thing your wife can present in the evening, eat it with joy.  It has loads of lycopene. Lycopene is the most potent natural antioxidant.  Foods that are rich in zinc are also good for men. We recommend pumpkin seeds (ugbogulu).
  9. 9. Good News  Alcohol Consumption  As men begin to have urinary symptoms associated with prostate enlargement, it is important they look at alcohol consumption. More fluid in means more fluid out. Drink less, Drink slowly.  Exercise  Exercise helps build the muscle tone.  Every man should exercise.  Men over 40 should avoid high impact exercise like jogging.  It puts pressure on the knees.  Cycling is bad news for the prostate.  We recommend brisk walking.  Sitting  When we sit, two-third of our weight rests on the pelvic bones.  Men who sit longer are more prone to prostate symptoms.  Do not sit for long hours.
  10. 10. Good News  Walk around as often as you can.  Sit on comfortable chairs.  Recommend a divided saddle chair if you must sit long hours. Dressing  Men should avoid tight underwear.  It impacts circulation around the groin and heats it up a bit.  While the physiological temperature is 37 degrees, the groin has an optimal temperature of about 33 degrees  Pant is a no - no for men.  Wear boxers.  Sex  Regular sex is good for the prostate.  Celibates are more prone to prostate illness.  While celibacy is a moral decision, it is not a biological adaptation.  Your prostate gland is designed to empty its contents regularly.
  11. 11. Prostatomegaly  Prostatomegaly is enlargement of the prostate gland.  It is a result of the hormonal changes in the body.  Scientific research has focused on several theories for enlarged prostate, including changes in a man’s hormone levels. These theories on hormonal changes that may cause enlarged prostate include:  A drop in male hormones (testosterone) and an excess of female hormones (estrogen)  Continuing accumulation of a growth hormone (dihydrotestosterone, or DHT)  Inactive growth hormones that are “reawakened” as a man ages  It has to be most often benign unless there is clinical proof that it is abnormal and the lab blood tests indicate that it is a malignant growth in the prostrate which may call for a prostrate biopsy.  Based on the enlarged gland size, the patient can remain asymptomatic, he can develop symptoms which include difficulty in voiding, obstruction in the urinary flow, urinary infection.  Medications do help in treating the enlarged prostate related symptoms.
  12. 12. Prostatomegaly  Based on the enlarged gland size,……. Medication..symptom  Surgery is needed only in severe cases of enlargement and associated symptoms.  Kidney (Renal) Cysts are the sacs filled with fluid and are relatively more common in elderly population.  These cysts are mostly benign as noted on the imaging studies . They don't require any further intervention.  Case study at a Hospital where Patients reported with frequency of  micturition (80%),  retention of urine (20%),  dysuria (18%) and  dribbling of urine (22%).  Besides haematuria, lumbar pain, urgency and purulent urethral discharge arealso present in somecases  Causes of prostatomegaly may also include:  BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia or cystic hyperplasia  Squamous metaplasia: This is enlargement of prostrate due to exposure to
  13. 13. Prostatomegaly  Causes of prostatomegaly may also include:…BPH…hyperplasia  Squamous metaplasia: This is enlargement of prostrate due to exposure to excessive estrogen.  Prostatitis is bacterial infection of prostate gland  Paraprostatic cysts: These cysts are fluid filled sacs which are connected to the prostrate by a stalk which is extremely thin.  Prostatic meoplasia: Tumors of this prostate gland are malignant and tough to cure.  Prostatomegaly in the initial stage need not be treated but as it enlarges, it creates trouble and needs treatment and medical attention.  Drugs used are  alpha-blockers (e.g. Flomax) that relax the smooth muscle of the prostate and bladder neck, improving urine flow & symptoms.  Another family of drugs for BPH are 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, such as Finasteride & dutasteride.  The Himalaya Drug Co., Speman tablets.

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