Eops 2013 11_21

Christopher Krembs
Christopher KrembsWAshington State Department of Ecology
Surface Conditions Report
November 21, 2013
Eyes Over Puget Sound
Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Start here
Publication No. 13-03-080
Personal flight log p. 3
From Army service to Ecology’s marine flights, float plane serial
number 710 continues its colorful past and has been around
longer than most of us.
Weather conditions p. 5
The weather changed dramatically in the past two days, from
warm and cloudy to sunny and colder than normal. River flows
peaked briefly on Tuesday and Wednesday in response to
Monday’s rain, but they were otherwise at or below normal.
Water column p. 6
Fall brings new Puget Sound conditions! The 2011-2012 colder,
fresher, higher oxygen conditions are gone. After unusual
weather from Aug - Oct, conditions now vary regionally. What
will winter 2013-2014 bring?
Aerial photography p. 10
Strong tidal fronts and sediment-rich brackish plumes leave
Whidbey Basin and move into Admiralty Reach. Orcas follow the
edge of the plume heading north! Red-brown blooms continue
in Southern Inlets. Long debris lines are numerous in northern
Budd Inlet, Hood Canal, and in Central Sound north of Edmonds.
Ferry and satellite p. 35
True color satellite images confirm large sediment plume
leaving Whidbey Basin and heading into Admiralty Inlet.
LONG-TERMMARINEMONITORINGUNIT
Mya Keyzers
Laura Friedenberg
Joe Leatherman
Skip Albertson
Dr. Christopher
Krembs
Dr. Brandon
Sackmann
Julia Bos
Suzan Pool
www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports:
Marine conditions from 11-21-2013 at a glance
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Personal Bio of de Havilland Beaver 710 – Writing last month’s edition made me curious about
the specific plane we use for our marine flights. I researched serial number 710 and discovered that
this plane has quite a colorful past!
It was delivered to the Army’s 56th Artillery
Group on October 19th, 1954, with a $72,000
price tag. The tail number 53-7902 tells us
that it was the 7,902nd plane delivered to the
Army, in then West Germany.
In the late 1970’s it retired from the Army and
was taken to Kenmore Air in Seattle to be
refurbished for civilian use. Photo: Kenneth I. Swartz © 15 October 1978
Photo: Robin A. Walker © 22 June 1970
Personal flight log 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
The plane may have had a nice quiet civilian life
for a while, but on September 2, 1995, all that
changed. A sudden headwind switch during
takeoff caused 710 to crash into the shoreline.
The pilot and passenger weren’t injured but 710
was …
20 years after their first meeting,
Kenmore put the plane back to together again.
Not long after, 710 became part of the Kenmore
Air fleet. With our sampling, 710 has returned to
its roots as the ultimate utility plane. I think it is
so fantastic that Ecology is now a part of its
storied history.
Special thanks to DHC-2.com for collecting the stories of these amazing planes, Hal Bryan for his insights into that
history, and Kenmore Air for filling in the gaps.
Photo: Neil Aird © 13 September 1995
Photo: Joe Leatherman 2013
Personal flight log 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Weather of the past two weeks before 11-21-2013
Meteorological conditions typically explain up to half of the variance in observed marine
variables (Moore et al. 2008), particularly in shallower waters like those of south Puget
Sound. I summarized the specific conditions prevalent during the past two weeks, from north
to south. Source: http://www-k12.atmos.washington.edu/k12/grayskies/nw_weather.html
Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758
Two week summary:
Air temperatures. Daily
average air temperatures had
been above normal, but the
past two days have been cold!
Sunshine levels had been
below normal, but the past
two days have been sunny.
River flows had been low, but
peaked two days ago after
heavy rain on 11/18.
Winds have been weak from
the north for the past two
days, otherwise stronger and
from the south.
Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758
We use a chartered float
plane to access our
monthly monitoring
stations most cost
effectively.
We communicate data and
environmental marine
conditions using:
1. Marine Water
Condition Index
(MWCI)
2. Eyes Over Puget
Sound (EOPS)
3. Anomalies and
source data
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Our long-termmarinemonitoringstationsin Washington
Start here
Isl.
In 2013: Temperature varies Salinity varies Oxygen varies
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Conditions of the last two years change at our stations
Fall brings new Puget Sound conditions! The 2011-2012 colder, fresher, higher oxygen conditions are gone. So far in 2013,
there were warmer temperatures at the Coast, and a lower oxygen in the northern parts of Puget Sound and Hood Canal.
After unusual weather from Aug - Oct, conditions now vary regionally. What will winter 2013-2014 bring?
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
a) Pacific Decadal Oscillation Index (PDO, temperature) (explanation)
b) Upwelling Index (anomalies) (Upwelling, low oxygen) (explanation)
c) North Pacific Gyre Oscillation Index (NPGO, productivity) (explanation)
NPGO(x10)
PDO/UpwellingIndex
Three-year running average of PDO, Upwelling, and NPGO indices scores
Ocean boundary conditions have been favorable for water quality in Puget Sound: (a) colder water (PDO),
(b) less upwelled low oxygen and high nutrient ocean water reaching Puget Sound (Upwelling Index), and
(c) higher surface productivity along the coast (NPGO). Where are we heading next?
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
.
The oceanaffectswater quality: Ocean ClimateIndices
Nitrate Phosphate
Nutrients in Puget Sound are increasing, read http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/trends.html
Nitrate Phosphate Nutrient Balance (Si:N)
Get the data and trends from us!
We observe increasing nutrients and changing patterns of algal biomass in Puget Sound
Changing
Nutrient Balance
Algae bloom, Budd Inlet 2010
Summary: Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Strong tidal fronts and sediment-rich brackish plumes leave Whidbey Basin and move into
Admiralty Reach. Orcas follow the edge of the plume heading north! Red-brown blooms
continue in Southern Inlets. Long debris lines are numerous in northern Budd Inlet, Hood Canal,
and in Central Sound north of Edmonds.
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Start here
Mixing and Fronts:
Many tidal and salinity fronts seen in Admiralty Inlet.
Debris:
Abundant in Hood Canal and Admiralty Inlet.
Visible blooms:
Red brown: Budd, Eld, Totten and Henderson inlets.
Jellyfish: Infrequent small patches seen in Budd Inlet
BloomDebrisFront
Suspended sediment:
Abundant in Admiralty Inlet originating in Whidbey Basin.
Sediment rich river plumes seen in Hood Canal Main stem.
Plume
Seattle and the rest are bright and clear
Views of clouds in Hood Canal near Union
3 8 10 11 12 15 16 17
1 2 7 11 13 15 16 17 18 20
1 2 3 19 20
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 20
Strait of
Juan de Fuca
San Juan Islands
Padilla Bay
Main Basin
Hood Canal
South Sound
Whidbey Basin
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Observation Maps:
Afternoon flight, photos 10-20:
Good visibility, wind and waves.
Flight Information:
Morning flight, photos 1-9:
Good visibility, calm, glare on
water.
3
58
12
16
19
11
10
9
2
13
14
15
17
Aerial photography &
navigation guide
18
20
1
6
Central Sound & Hood Canal
South Sound
Seattle: H. tide: 7:46 AM, 6:13 PM, L. tide: 12:22 AM, 1:40 PM
4
7
Suspended sediments, internal waves, and red-brown algal bloom.
Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound) 10:28 AM.
1 Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Bloom
Plume
boat
Internal waves
B.A.
2 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Red-brown bloom, and debris line.
Location: Eld Inlet, A. Looking south, B. Close up (South Sound), 10:30 AM.
Debris
Bloom
boat
3 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Red-brown algal bloom, fronts, and debris lines. Location: Totten Inlet (South Sound), 10:32 AM.
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Debris
Debris
Bloom
Bloom
boat
10:42 AM10:36 AM B.A.
4 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Long debris lines outlining tidal flow.
Location: A. Pickering Passage, B. Reach Island, Case Inlet (South Sound).
Debris
Debris
boat
5 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Organic surface debris over mudflats at high tide. Location: Lynch Cove (Hood Canal), 10:48 AM.
Debris
Organic surface debris over mudflats at high tide. Location: Lynch Cove (Hood Canal), 10:48 AM.
6 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Debris
Debris
Sediment laden river plume with internal wave feature hugging eastern shore.
Location: Across Ayock Beach Drive (Hood Canal), 11:25 AM.
7 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Debris
Plume
Internal waves
Long debris line. Location: Off Hama Hama Ridge Drive (Hood Canal), 11:26 AM.
8 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Front
Debris
Long debris line parallel to western shore.
Location: Near Jorsted Creek (Hood Canal), 11:27 AM.
9 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Debris
10 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Lines of organic debris and large tidal front. Location: Off Mutiny Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:02 PM.
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Front
Front
Front
Debris
boat
11 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013
Lines of organic debris and large tidal front. Location: Off Mutiny Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:03 PM.
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Debris
Plume
boat
1:45 PM
1:46 PMB.
A.
Tidal front separating clear and sediment laden water. Location: Useless Bay (Admiralty Inlet).
12 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Front
Front
Many organic debris lines and layers of sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin.
Location: Off Skunk Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:48 PM
13 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Debris
Debris
Plume
Plume
Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin.
Location: Off Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:48 PM.
14 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Debris
Plume
15 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Orcas swimming along
front. Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:50 PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Front
Debris
Plume
orcas
16 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Orcas swimming along
front towards the north. Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:50 PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Front
Debris
Plume
orcas
barge
17 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin.
Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:57PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Debris
Plume
18 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Water from the Puyallup River containing sediment entering Quartermaster Harbor.
Location: Quartermaster Harbor (Vashon Island), 3:58PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Plume
boats
19 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Red-brown algae bloom and turquoise water. Location: Henderson Inlet (South Sound), 4:09 PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Bloom
Bloom
boat
20 Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Red-brown algae bloom, suspended sediment, surface debris and wind driven foam lines. Location: Budd
Inlet (South Sound), 4:11 PM.
Aerial photography 11-21-2013
Debris
Bloom
Plume
boat
Aerial photography observations in Central SoundObservations in Central Sound, Hood Canal Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Numbers on map refer to
picture numbers for spatial
reference
Date: 11-21-2013
5
8
9
12
13
14
15
11
7 6
10
16
17
18
Observations in South Sound
Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference
Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Date: 11-21-2013
1
4
2
3
4
20
19
Legend to map annotations
Comments:
Maps are produced by observers during and
after flights. They are intended to give an
approximate reconstruction of the surface
conditions on scales that connect to and
overlap with satellite images in the section that
follows.
Debris:
Debris can be distinguished into natural and
anthropogenic debris floating at the surface
sensu Moore and Allen (2000). The majority of
organic debris in Puget Sound is natural mixed
with discarded man-made pieces of plastic,
wood, etc. From the plane, we cannot
differentiate the quality of debris at the surface
and therefore, call it for reasons of practicality
just “debris”.
S.L. Moore, M. J. Allen. 2000. Distribution of
Anthropogenic and Natural Debris on the
Mainland Shelf of the Southern California Bight.
Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(1), 83–88.
Navigate
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Ferry and satellite observations 11-21-2013
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
MODIS-Aqua
21 November 2013
Brandon Sackmann
Contact: bsackmann@ecy.wa.gov
High turbidity and sediment concentrations
entering Central Sound from Whidbey Basin.
Strength through collaboration across agencies, academic institutions and companies.
We have plans to continue to collect data at our Admiralty Reach (UW Applied Physics Lab) and
Mukilteo (ORCA College) moorings into the future. Operations at all other mooring locations
have been suspended in order to reallocate existing resources.
Note: Due to state and federal budget reductions, our mooring program is being downscaled.
We are now focusing on measuring ocean intrusions!
Why? The importance of the ocean on water quality in Puget Sound is being emphasized by
Ecology’s mooring at Admiralty Reach, long term monitoring data, modeling studies, and
academic publications. Admiralty Reach is a challenge - it requires a team effort!
Upwelling along the coast can bring high nutrient, low oxygen and low pH ocean water into
Puget Sound. Such intrusions explain much of the year to year variability in water quality.
For intrusions to enter Puget Sound, several conditions have to align:
• Prolonged upwelling along the Washington coast. Driver: Northerly winds
• Estuarine circulation moving dense water from the coast into the Strait of Juan de
Fuca. Driver: High Fraser River flow during summer
• Neap-Spring tide phase and character favorable to intrusions along the 30 km length
of Admiralty Reach. Drivers: Neap tides and tidal harmonics
Future Focus of Mooring Operations
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Access mooring
data:
ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/ea
p/Mooring_Raw/Puget_S
ound/
Ferry and satellite :
brandon.sackmann@ecy.w
a.gov
Get data from Ecology’s Monitoring Programs
Long–Term
Monitoring Network
Real–Time
Sensor Network
Access core
monitoring data:
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/a
pps/eap/marinewq/mwda
taset.asp
christopher.krembs@ecy.w
a.gov
Ecology’s long-term marine
monitoring stations
Ferry track
Morning flight
Evening flight
Freshwater Report:
http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs
/eap/fw_riv/freshwaterReport/A
mbient_Monitoring-
Monthly_Summary.html
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listserv by going to:
http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND
Many thanks to our business partners: Clipper Navigation, Swantown Marina, and Kenmore Air.
We are looking for feedback to improve our products.
Dr. Christopher Krembs
christopher.krembs@ecy.wa.gov
Marine Monitoring Unit
Environmental Assessment Program
WA Department of Ecology
Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
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Eops 2013 11_21

  • 1. Surface Conditions Report November 21, 2013 Eyes Over Puget Sound Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Start here Publication No. 13-03-080
  • 2. Personal flight log p. 3 From Army service to Ecology’s marine flights, float plane serial number 710 continues its colorful past and has been around longer than most of us. Weather conditions p. 5 The weather changed dramatically in the past two days, from warm and cloudy to sunny and colder than normal. River flows peaked briefly on Tuesday and Wednesday in response to Monday’s rain, but they were otherwise at or below normal. Water column p. 6 Fall brings new Puget Sound conditions! The 2011-2012 colder, fresher, higher oxygen conditions are gone. After unusual weather from Aug - Oct, conditions now vary regionally. What will winter 2013-2014 bring? Aerial photography p. 10 Strong tidal fronts and sediment-rich brackish plumes leave Whidbey Basin and move into Admiralty Reach. Orcas follow the edge of the plume heading north! Red-brown blooms continue in Southern Inlets. Long debris lines are numerous in northern Budd Inlet, Hood Canal, and in Central Sound north of Edmonds. Ferry and satellite p. 35 True color satellite images confirm large sediment plume leaving Whidbey Basin and heading into Admiralty Inlet. LONG-TERMMARINEMONITORINGUNIT Mya Keyzers Laura Friedenberg Joe Leatherman Skip Albertson Dr. Christopher Krembs Dr. Brandon Sackmann Julia Bos Suzan Pool www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports: Marine conditions from 11-21-2013 at a glance Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 3. Personal Bio of de Havilland Beaver 710 – Writing last month’s edition made me curious about the specific plane we use for our marine flights. I researched serial number 710 and discovered that this plane has quite a colorful past! It was delivered to the Army’s 56th Artillery Group on October 19th, 1954, with a $72,000 price tag. The tail number 53-7902 tells us that it was the 7,902nd plane delivered to the Army, in then West Germany. In the late 1970’s it retired from the Army and was taken to Kenmore Air in Seattle to be refurbished for civilian use. Photo: Kenneth I. Swartz © 15 October 1978 Photo: Robin A. Walker © 22 June 1970 Personal flight log 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 4. The plane may have had a nice quiet civilian life for a while, but on September 2, 1995, all that changed. A sudden headwind switch during takeoff caused 710 to crash into the shoreline. The pilot and passenger weren’t injured but 710 was … 20 years after their first meeting, Kenmore put the plane back to together again. Not long after, 710 became part of the Kenmore Air fleet. With our sampling, 710 has returned to its roots as the ultimate utility plane. I think it is so fantastic that Ecology is now a part of its storied history. Special thanks to DHC-2.com for collecting the stories of these amazing planes, Hal Bryan for his insights into that history, and Kenmore Air for filling in the gaps. Photo: Neil Aird © 13 September 1995 Photo: Joe Leatherman 2013 Personal flight log 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 5. Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Weather of the past two weeks before 11-21-2013 Meteorological conditions typically explain up to half of the variance in observed marine variables (Moore et al. 2008), particularly in shallower waters like those of south Puget Sound. I summarized the specific conditions prevalent during the past two weeks, from north to south. Source: http://www-k12.atmos.washington.edu/k12/grayskies/nw_weather.html Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758 Two week summary: Air temperatures. Daily average air temperatures had been above normal, but the past two days have been cold! Sunshine levels had been below normal, but the past two days have been sunny. River flows had been low, but peaked two days ago after heavy rain on 11/18. Winds have been weak from the north for the past two days, otherwise stronger and from the south. Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758
  • 6. We use a chartered float plane to access our monthly monitoring stations most cost effectively. We communicate data and environmental marine conditions using: 1. Marine Water Condition Index (MWCI) 2. Eyes Over Puget Sound (EOPS) 3. Anomalies and source data Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Our long-termmarinemonitoringstationsin Washington Start here Isl.
  • 7. In 2013: Temperature varies Salinity varies Oxygen varies Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Conditions of the last two years change at our stations Fall brings new Puget Sound conditions! The 2011-2012 colder, fresher, higher oxygen conditions are gone. So far in 2013, there were warmer temperatures at the Coast, and a lower oxygen in the northern parts of Puget Sound and Hood Canal. After unusual weather from Aug - Oct, conditions now vary regionally. What will winter 2013-2014 bring?
  • 8. -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 a) Pacific Decadal Oscillation Index (PDO, temperature) (explanation) b) Upwelling Index (anomalies) (Upwelling, low oxygen) (explanation) c) North Pacific Gyre Oscillation Index (NPGO, productivity) (explanation) NPGO(x10) PDO/UpwellingIndex Three-year running average of PDO, Upwelling, and NPGO indices scores Ocean boundary conditions have been favorable for water quality in Puget Sound: (a) colder water (PDO), (b) less upwelled low oxygen and high nutrient ocean water reaching Puget Sound (Upwelling Index), and (c) higher surface productivity along the coast (NPGO). Where are we heading next? Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings . The oceanaffectswater quality: Ocean ClimateIndices
  • 9. Nitrate Phosphate Nutrients in Puget Sound are increasing, read http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/trends.html Nitrate Phosphate Nutrient Balance (Si:N) Get the data and trends from us! We observe increasing nutrients and changing patterns of algal biomass in Puget Sound Changing Nutrient Balance Algae bloom, Budd Inlet 2010
  • 10. Summary: Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Strong tidal fronts and sediment-rich brackish plumes leave Whidbey Basin and move into Admiralty Reach. Orcas follow the edge of the plume heading north! Red-brown blooms continue in Southern Inlets. Long debris lines are numerous in northern Budd Inlet, Hood Canal, and in Central Sound north of Edmonds. Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Start here Mixing and Fronts: Many tidal and salinity fronts seen in Admiralty Inlet. Debris: Abundant in Hood Canal and Admiralty Inlet. Visible blooms: Red brown: Budd, Eld, Totten and Henderson inlets. Jellyfish: Infrequent small patches seen in Budd Inlet BloomDebrisFront Suspended sediment: Abundant in Admiralty Inlet originating in Whidbey Basin. Sediment rich river plumes seen in Hood Canal Main stem. Plume Seattle and the rest are bright and clear Views of clouds in Hood Canal near Union 3 8 10 11 12 15 16 17 1 2 7 11 13 15 16 17 18 20 1 2 3 19 20 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 20
  • 11. Strait of Juan de Fuca San Juan Islands Padilla Bay Main Basin Hood Canal South Sound Whidbey Basin Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Observation Maps: Afternoon flight, photos 10-20: Good visibility, wind and waves. Flight Information: Morning flight, photos 1-9: Good visibility, calm, glare on water. 3 58 12 16 19 11 10 9 2 13 14 15 17 Aerial photography & navigation guide 18 20 1 6 Central Sound & Hood Canal South Sound Seattle: H. tide: 7:46 AM, 6:13 PM, L. tide: 12:22 AM, 1:40 PM 4 7
  • 12. Suspended sediments, internal waves, and red-brown algal bloom. Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound) 10:28 AM. 1 Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Bloom Plume boat Internal waves
  • 13. B.A. 2 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Red-brown bloom, and debris line. Location: Eld Inlet, A. Looking south, B. Close up (South Sound), 10:30 AM. Debris Bloom boat
  • 14. 3 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Red-brown algal bloom, fronts, and debris lines. Location: Totten Inlet (South Sound), 10:32 AM. Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Debris Debris Bloom Bloom boat
  • 15. 10:42 AM10:36 AM B.A. 4 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Long debris lines outlining tidal flow. Location: A. Pickering Passage, B. Reach Island, Case Inlet (South Sound). Debris Debris boat
  • 16. 5 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Organic surface debris over mudflats at high tide. Location: Lynch Cove (Hood Canal), 10:48 AM. Debris
  • 17. Organic surface debris over mudflats at high tide. Location: Lynch Cove (Hood Canal), 10:48 AM. 6 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Debris Debris
  • 18. Sediment laden river plume with internal wave feature hugging eastern shore. Location: Across Ayock Beach Drive (Hood Canal), 11:25 AM. 7 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Debris Plume Internal waves
  • 19. Long debris line. Location: Off Hama Hama Ridge Drive (Hood Canal), 11:26 AM. 8 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Front Debris
  • 20. Long debris line parallel to western shore. Location: Near Jorsted Creek (Hood Canal), 11:27 AM. 9 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Debris
  • 21. 10 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Lines of organic debris and large tidal front. Location: Off Mutiny Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:02 PM. Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Front Front Front Debris boat
  • 22. 11 NavigateAerial photography 11-21-2013 Lines of organic debris and large tidal front. Location: Off Mutiny Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:03 PM. Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Debris Plume boat
  • 23. 1:45 PM 1:46 PMB. A. Tidal front separating clear and sediment laden water. Location: Useless Bay (Admiralty Inlet). 12 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Front Front
  • 24. Many organic debris lines and layers of sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Location: Off Skunk Bay (Admiralty Inlet), 1:48 PM 13 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Debris Debris Plume Plume
  • 25. Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Location: Off Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:48 PM. 14 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Debris Plume
  • 26. 15 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Orcas swimming along front. Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:50 PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Front Debris Plume orcas
  • 27. 16 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Orcas swimming along front towards the north. Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:50 PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Front Debris Plume orcas barge
  • 28. 17 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Many organic debris lines and sediment laden water originating from Whidbey Basin. Location: Point No Point (Central Sound), 1:57PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Debris Plume
  • 29. 18 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Water from the Puyallup River containing sediment entering Quartermaster Harbor. Location: Quartermaster Harbor (Vashon Island), 3:58PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Plume boats
  • 30. 19 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Red-brown algae bloom and turquoise water. Location: Henderson Inlet (South Sound), 4:09 PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Bloom Bloom boat
  • 31. 20 Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Red-brown algae bloom, suspended sediment, surface debris and wind driven foam lines. Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound), 4:11 PM. Aerial photography 11-21-2013 Debris Bloom Plume boat
  • 32. Aerial photography observations in Central SoundObservations in Central Sound, Hood Canal Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Date: 11-21-2013 5 8 9 12 13 14 15 11 7 6 10 16 17 18
  • 33. Observations in South Sound Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Date: 11-21-2013 1 4 2 3 4 20 19
  • 34. Legend to map annotations Comments: Maps are produced by observers during and after flights. They are intended to give an approximate reconstruction of the surface conditions on scales that connect to and overlap with satellite images in the section that follows. Debris: Debris can be distinguished into natural and anthropogenic debris floating at the surface sensu Moore and Allen (2000). The majority of organic debris in Puget Sound is natural mixed with discarded man-made pieces of plastic, wood, etc. From the plane, we cannot differentiate the quality of debris at the surface and therefore, call it for reasons of practicality just “debris”. S.L. Moore, M. J. Allen. 2000. Distribution of Anthropogenic and Natural Debris on the Mainland Shelf of the Southern California Bight. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(1), 83–88. Navigate Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 35. Ferry and satellite observations 11-21-2013 Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings MODIS-Aqua 21 November 2013 Brandon Sackmann Contact: bsackmann@ecy.wa.gov High turbidity and sediment concentrations entering Central Sound from Whidbey Basin.
  • 36. Strength through collaboration across agencies, academic institutions and companies. We have plans to continue to collect data at our Admiralty Reach (UW Applied Physics Lab) and Mukilteo (ORCA College) moorings into the future. Operations at all other mooring locations have been suspended in order to reallocate existing resources. Note: Due to state and federal budget reductions, our mooring program is being downscaled. We are now focusing on measuring ocean intrusions! Why? The importance of the ocean on water quality in Puget Sound is being emphasized by Ecology’s mooring at Admiralty Reach, long term monitoring data, modeling studies, and academic publications. Admiralty Reach is a challenge - it requires a team effort! Upwelling along the coast can bring high nutrient, low oxygen and low pH ocean water into Puget Sound. Such intrusions explain much of the year to year variability in water quality. For intrusions to enter Puget Sound, several conditions have to align: • Prolonged upwelling along the Washington coast. Driver: Northerly winds • Estuarine circulation moving dense water from the coast into the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Driver: High Fraser River flow during summer • Neap-Spring tide phase and character favorable to intrusions along the 30 km length of Admiralty Reach. Drivers: Neap tides and tidal harmonics Future Focus of Mooring Operations Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 37. Access mooring data: ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/ea p/Mooring_Raw/Puget_S ound/ Ferry and satellite : brandon.sackmann@ecy.w a.gov Get data from Ecology’s Monitoring Programs Long–Term Monitoring Network Real–Time Sensor Network Access core monitoring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/a pps/eap/marinewq/mwda taset.asp christopher.krembs@ecy.w a.gov Ecology’s long-term marine monitoring stations Ferry track Morning flight Evening flight Freshwater Report: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs /eap/fw_riv/freshwaterReport/A mbient_Monitoring- Monthly_Summary.html Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 38. You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listserv by going to: http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND Many thanks to our business partners: Clipper Navigation, Swantown Marina, and Kenmore Air. We are looking for feedback to improve our products. Dr. Christopher Krembs christopher.krembs@ecy.wa.gov Marine Monitoring Unit Environmental Assessment Program WA Department of Ecology Flight log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings