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Seeking Activism Along DMZ

The thesis project is a prototype demonstration for developing the DMZ with ecological interest. The purpose for proposing an ecological intervention is not to reiterate the political militarized lines, but to preserve and strengthen the current populations’ existence and habitat. The prototype is an ideal facility for functional and leisurely use of current residents and future users. Rezoning the CCZ from a war zone to a habitable greenbelt will redefine land as a viable regional and cultural identity.

I am interested in prototypical infrastructure and architectural kit-of-parts that moves beyond built intervention use architecture as a medium or agent for imagining the future city of building and urban planning.

This prototype structure is a module that can be reconfigured in different ways. The project displays three different methods--the hotel, gallery, and the market all use the same structural principal but organized differently from each other. The hotel is configured as double row bay with a center atrium. The gallery is a single row bay building with one-sided exterior loggia. The market is a free-plan space without a pavilion. The prototype unit can be modified for future interventions at different sites, program, and building type.

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Seeking Activism Along DMZ

  1. 1. modus vivendi b.arch thesis | paju, korea | spring-fall 2011 syracuse university school of architecture proto-architecture + urban design // academic sunchung christine min seeking activistm through prototypes m.arch II pro-seminar 2013
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  3. 3. CCZBORDER DMZBORDER CCZBORDER WHAT IS THE DMZ?
  4. 4. PEACE&LIFETRAIL FORHIKINGANDBIKING (byTOURKOREA) UNIFICATIONINFRASTRUCTUREUNIFICATIONINFRASTRUCTUREUNIFICATIONINFRASTRUCTURE 1 7 WHAT ARE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS ALONG THE DMZ?
  5. 5. DMZ EVOLUTION RECENT TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE PAST 55 YEARS DMZ...? + DEFINING BOUNDARIES DMZ (5KM WIDTH) CCZ (5-20KM WIDTH) ECO-TOUR TRAIL UNIFICATION INFRASTRUCTURE 1 7 MAPPING THECULTURE OF DMZ 1. BUFFER ZONE ESTABLISHED FROM CEASEFIRE LINE OF THE KOREAN WAR, 1953 2. CCZ ESTABLISHED, 1956 3. UNIFICATION INFRASTRUCTURE BUILT & ECO-TOUR TRAIL ADVERTISED, 1970-2000 4. CULTURAL GROWTH ALONG THE CCZ I am interested in how the CCZ has evolved despite its political limitations. The buffer zone near the South Korean and North Korean demilitarized border is currently evolving into an ecological phenomenon. I am interested in how the evolution of the entire strip has impacted current residents working as local farmers, students and researchers, and ecotourism and how it will continue to evolve in the future. I am concerned that urban encroachment will swallow the existing ecological strip and transform as a new urban center. THESISCONTENTION
  6. 6. INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY,ROADS,BRIDGES PUBLICPARK ARTS+HUMANITIES SECUREDPUBLICFACILITIES OBSERVATORIES SECUREDMILITARYFACILITIES INFILITRATIONTUNNEL, WARMEMORIAL SOUTHKOREAN+USMILITARYBASE INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY,ROADS,BRIDGES PUBLICPARK INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLICPARK SECUREDPUBLICFACILITIES WHAT EXISTS IN THE DMZ?
  7. 7. ISSUE: 60% Of asia's endangered species reside in the dmz and ccz. Even migratory birds from africa and middle east seasonally visit the site. Endangered Amur leopard Wildlife residents--leopard giving up its duck prey during a hunt Elk remains tangled on branches a er the leopard hunt and dinner Flowers along fence The untouched land within the CCZ and DMZ have ourished with wild life. Some people have taken ac on to protect and bring awareness of these beings. While some have tried to make a pro t through ‘ecotourism.’ Birds are the king of rice elds in Cheorwon n a t u r e - p a r k s + p a v i l i o n s Eco DMZ lab founders Their subjects Hoopoe or Spartan- headed bird is a common resident Migratory birds are free to enter and exit like this one from Africa Without having to construct sites for ‘ecotourism,’ the land is already rich with parks, pavilions, and galleries. There are also beau ful scenic landmarks and trail for hiking and biking along the DMZ. Marshlands CONTENTIONIMAGES
  8. 8. Team nishing their bike tour at Uni ca on Observatory in Goseong Fi y-eights years a er the Armis ce Agreement of 1953, the 4km bu er zone of the DMZ and CCZ demilitarized zone inadvertently transformed into a wildlife habitat from a military frontline. Recently, researchers have found that 60% of Asia’s endangered species residing in the narrow 248km corridor. Despite the irony that the DMZ and the CCZ (Civilian Controlled Zone) was a loca on of human destruc on lled withlandmines,itisnowoneoftheworld’smostundisturbed natural paradise for wildlife archaeological preserva on. Boundaries of The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Civilian Controlled Zone Bike and Hike DMZ Course Trail Environmental inves gators from Eco DMZ Forum resident permit and contract to remain inside the DMZ-Taesongdong Snow and ice covered fence being cared by ROK soldiers aGanghwaanghG has become an eco-destination that interactiely engages visitors with the local culture and economy. Investors have been seeking to develop this growing tourist economy. Right hand images (clockwise from top left): 1. Advertisement and registration for DMZ Ecotour hiking and biking route 2. Ecotourists who have just finished the DMZ bike tour 2. Ecotourist and investigators observing wildlife 3. Map of DMZ bike and hike tour Below (From left): 1. Ecotourist on a photo tour 2. International visitors enjoying Korean farm- tour experience at rice fields THES Team nishing their bike tour at Uni ca on Observatory in Goseong Fi y-eights years a er the Armis ce Agreement of 1953, the 4km bu er zone of the DMZ and CCZ demilitarized zone inadvertently transformed into a wildlife habitat from a military frontline. Recently, researchers have found that 60% of Asia’s endangered species residing in the narrow 248km corridor. Despite the irony that the DMZ and the CCZ (Civilian Controlled Zone) was a loca on of human destruc on lled withlandmines,itisnowoneoftheworld’smostundisturbed natural paradise for wildlife archaeological preserva on. + gGoseong Boundaries of The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Civilian Controlled Zone Bike and Hike DMZ Course Trail Environmental inves gators from Eco DMZ Forum resident permit and contract to remain inside the DMZ-Taesongdong Snow and ice covered fence being cared by ROK soldiers House built a er 6.25 in the punch bowl area Below (From left): 1. Ecotourist on a photo tour 2. International visitors enjoying Korean farm- tour experience at rice fields Team nishing their bike tour at Uni ca on Observatory in Goseong Fi y-eights years a er the Armis ce Agreement of 1953, the 4km bu er zone of the DMZ and CCZ demilitarized zone inadvertently transformed into a wildlife habitat from a military frontline. Recently, researchers have found that 60% of Asia’s endangered species residing in the narrow 248km corridor. Despite the irony that the DMZ and the CCZ (Civilian Controlled Zone) was a loca on of human destruc on lled withlandmines,itisnowoneoftheworld’smostundisturbed natural paradise for wildlife archaeological preserva on. + gGoseong Boundaries of The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Civilian Controlled Zone Bike and Hike DMZ Course Trail Environmental inves gators from Eco DMZ Forum ISSUE: The DMZ has attrated outsiders-- international and national audience-- to partcipate in eco- tourism. Many sites of the dmz has become an eco-destination that interactiely engages visitors with the local culture and economy. Investors have been seeking to develop this growing tourist economy. Right hand images (clockwise from top left): 1. Advertisement and registration for DMZ Ecotour hiking and biking route 2. Ecotourists who have just finished the DMZ bike tour 2. Ecotourist and investigators observing wildlife 3. Map of DMZ bike and hike tour Below (From left): 1. Ecotourist on a photo tour 2. International visitors enjoying Korean farm- tour experience at rice fields r c
  9. 9. Team nishing their bike tour at Uni ca on Observatory in Goseong Fi y-eights years a er the Armis ce Agreement of 1953, the 4km bu er zone of the DMZ and CCZ demilitarized zone inadvertently transformed into a wildlife habitat from a military frontline. Recently, researchers have found that 60% of Asia’s endangered species residing in the narrow 248km corridor. Despite the irony that the DMZ and the CCZ (Civilian Controlled Zone) was a loca on of human destruc on lled withlandmines,itisnowoneoftheworld’smostundisturbed natural paradise for wildlife archaeological preserva on. YangguYaYa gGoseong Inje Boundaries of The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Civilian Controlled Zone Bike and Hike DMZ Course Trail Environmental inves gators from Eco DMZ Forum Mainstream tourism an encroachment can depreciated local econ culture that is impo sustaining the ecolog environment within resident permit and contract to remain inside the DMZ-Taesongdong Snow and ice covered fence being cared by ROK soldiers House built a er 6.25 by veterans in the punch bowl area of Yanggu Counterclockwise from top left: 1 Man holding his residency permit in the 2 South Korean soldiers surveying the barb 3. Houses at a farming community with the been renovated since 1960s. 4. Large crowd of tourists ice-fishing on th River that is just 5 miles from the DMZ 5. Growing interest for camping and ecotou built campsite developments in Korea 6. DMZ brand water is being sold as a high spring water on the internet market 7. Korean War bunker being bulldozed to b observatory for ecotourists 8. Roads were built too accomodate large t ISSUE: Mainstream tourism and urban encroachment can lead to depreciated local economy and culture that is important for sustaining the ecology of the environment within the ccz. t permit and t to remain inside MZ-Taesongdong Snow and ice covered fence being cared by ROK soldiers House built a er 6.25 by veterans in the punch bowl area of Yanggu Counterclockwise from top left: 1 Man holding his residency permit in the CCZ 2 South Korean soldiers surveying the barbed wire fence 3. Houses at a farming community with the CCZ. It has not been renovated since 1960s. 4. Large crowd of tourists ice-fishing on the frozen Imjin River that is just 5 miles from the DMZ 5. Growing interest for camping and ecotourism have led to built campsite developments in Korea 6. DMZ brand water is being sold as a high-end brand spring water on the internet market 7. Korean War bunker being bulldozed to become a bird observatory for ecotourists 8. Roads were built too accomodate large tour buses THESISCONTENTION Team nishing their bike tour at Uni ca on Observatory in Goseong years a er the Armis ce Agreement of 1953, er zone of the DMZ and CCZ demilitarized zone ly transformed into a wildlife habitat from a ntline. Recently, researchers have found that 60% dangered species residing in the narrow 248km spite the irony that the DMZ and the CCZ (Civilian Zone) was a loca on of human destruc on lled ines,itisnowoneoftheworld’smostundisturbed adise for wildlife archaeological preserva on. YangguYaYa gGoseong Inje ries of The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) Controlled Zone d Hike DMZ Course Trail onmental inves gators from Eco DMZ Forum ISSUE: Mainstream tourism and urban encroachment can lead to depreciated local economy and culture that is important for sustaining the ecology of the environment within the ccz. resident permit and contract to remain inside the DMZ-Taesongdong Snow and ice covered fence being cared by ROK soldiers House built a er 6.25 by veterans in the punch bowl area of Yanggu Counterclockwise from top left: 1 Man holding his residency permit in the CCZ 2 South Korean soldiers surveying the barbed wire fenc 3. Houses at a farming community with the CCZ. It has been renovated since 1960s. 4. Large crowd of tourists ice-fishing on the frozen Imji River that is just 5 miles from the DMZ 5. Growing interest for camping and ecotourism have le built campsite developments in Korea 6. DMZ brand water is being sold as a high-end brand spring water on the internet market 7. Korean War bunker being bulldozed to become a bir observatory for ecotourists 8. Roads were built too accomodate large tour buses
  10. 10. E X I S T I N G V A R I A B L E S x a a b b b b y y y y y y y y y y a x xx y b b x x a a a a b b b b y y y y x     EXISTING VARIABLESCONTEXTUALANALYSIS W C E X I S T I N G V A R I A B L E S x a a b b b b y y y y y y y y y y a x xx y b b x x a a a a b b b b y y y y x     EXISTING VARIABLESCONTEXTUALANALYSIS W C WHO RESIDES NEAR THE DMZ?NETWORK OF ACTIONS CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE a a b b a a NORTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER SOUTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE b b b x xx x x b MILITARY DEMARCATION LINE strengthen the border as a dynamic district of cultural activities. Within the network I believe that each existing resident or group can support and gain from each others’ presence through linkage and association with the border. NETWORK OF ACTIONS CONTEXTUALANALYSIS the presence of the border, inclusive zone. Each point can begin to de building of nuclear plants, housing, and main stream This way the CCZ can rema that a mindful intervention wildlife, historic landsites, absent of human touch. WHO RESIDES NEAR THE DMZ?
  11. 11. INTERSECTIONBETWEENCCZANDTRAIL CCZBORDER PEACE&LIFETRAIL DMZBORDER CCZBORDER PEACE&LIFETRAIL DMZBORDERDMZBORDER PEACE&LIFETRAIL HOW CLOSE CAN ONE GET TO THE DMZ?
  12. 12.     CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE a b b a a Each variable represents the existing residence and presence near the Korean border. The diagram is abstracted to show the existing social context which are listed below. a a b b b b b a a x xx x x b a aaa x x xx b CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE NORTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER SOUTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER MILITARY DEMARCATION LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE WHAT IS MORE CONCRETE? Variable of Actions that represent people or Militarized Lines in the landscape
  13. 13. existing residence or community previously represented n here as a box. paces that can serve for the needs of existing paces can be definied as the following. n labs for eco-investigation r commuting farmers r ecotourists r farmers d/or retail for local commodity dmz artists space for war artifacts ng network of local culture and residence can be carried tural intervention. isting community’s needs and respecting its presence, ve to improve current condition by creating communal meetings and collaboration within the current residence. a place for visitors to learn and interact with the border usion. I hope to create a prototypical effect, in which one provoke a secondary and tertiary response. In the border will grow as a developed network that is towards the exisiting social conditions and natural e safety of the people. I also hope that the network can opportunity for creating a non-political connection a and South Korea. I propose that the border is North and South Korean citizen in the future. Primarily, the project intends to locate physical points in the buffer zone where the CCZ border can act as a filtered membrane or point of entry that secures and invites people into nature work eful
  14. 14. Civilian Controlled Line Bik e and Hik e Path Bike and Hike Path Bik e and Hik e Path Bike and Hike Path Bike and Hike Path BikeandHikePath BikeandHikePath 1 2 4 5 56 ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS: MAIN INTERSECTIONS ECOLOGICAL JUNCTIONS: MINOR INTERSECTIONS DMZ BORDER CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE PEACE & LIFE TRAIL 1 7 vilian th Pa ke h Biike and HHike Path ikePath S CT N UNIFICATION ROADS C ivilia n C ontr olle d Line Civilian Controlled Line Civilian Con tro lled Lin e Ci v i l i an ControlledLine C ivi lia n Con tro lle d Lin e Civ ilia n Cont roll edLin e C ivilian C ontrolled Line Bik e and Hi ke Path B ik e and Hik e P ath B ik e an d Hi ke P at h B ike and Hike P ath B ike and Hike P ath BikeandHikePath BikeandHikePath BikeandHikePath edLin e Civ Lin e INTERSECTION BETWEEN CCZ AND TRAILI AS ECOLOGICAL CATALYSTSAS DM Z DMZ DMZ DM Z DMZ DMZ INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY, ROADS, BRIDGESBR PUBLIC PARKLIC P ARTS+HUMANITIESTS SECURED PUBLIC FACILITIESA OBSERVATORIES SECURED MILITARY FACILITIESRY INFILITRATION TUNNEL,N TU WAR MEMORIALRIA SOUTH KOREAN+US MILITARY BASEOR RY POTENTIAL SITES FOR ECOLOGICAL INTERVENTION CONTEXTUALANALYSIS E AN E D
  15. 15. INSPIRATION Collage explaining ecological transformation and suggesting that the government’s roles in the future will be to enforce environmental policies. Left: Photocollage illustrating design intention of transforming the military tourist attraction to a site for ecotourism War tour Eco-tour HOW TO DEFEND FROM URBAN ENCROACHMENT 01 VISION ECODESTINATION MODUS VIVENDI: 4 PARTS TO5 THE DMZ HAS (TERRITORIES USE AND ACC 60% OF ASIA APPROXIMAT SOUTH-EAST THE DMZ HAS PARTICIPATE ECO-DESTINA AND ECONOM ECONOMY. MAINSTREAM ECONOMY AN ENVIRONMEN 1 2 ARCHITECTURE AS A PREVENTIVE METHOD FROM MASSIVE URBAN DEVELOPMENTS CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE NORTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER SOUTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER MILITARY DEMARCATION LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE STAGE 1: PROTOTYPE 1_CONCEIVE THE DMZ AS AN ECODESTINATION
  16. 16. DEFEND FROM URBAN ENCROACHM2 CIVILIAN CONTROL LINEENELICIV OLVILLIA ROAN NTONCO NORTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER SOUTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER MILITARY DEMARCATION LINE IVILIAN CONTROL LINE ANNAN D ZONE BORDER STAGE 2: NETWORK STAGE 1: PROTOTYPE STAGE 3: PROTECTIVE ZONE TOURIST DEVETOURIST DEVELOPMENT URBAN HOUSING MANUFACTURING PLANT NUCLEAR PLANT SHOPPING COMPLEXSHOPPING COMPLEXSHOPPING COMPLEX STAGE 2 STAGE 3 STAGE 1 2_DEFEND FROM URBAN ENCROACHMENT
  17. 17. DEFEND FROM URBAN ENCROACHMENT ECODESTINATION Civilian Controlled Line Bik eand Hi ik e and Hik e Bike and Hike Path ike and Hi h ean BikeandHikePat 1 2 4 5 56 ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS: MAIN INTERSECTIONS ECOLOGICAL JUNCTIONS: MINOR INTERSECTIONS DMZ BORDER CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE PEACE & LIFE TRAIL 7 UNIFICATION ROADSATION ROADSA vilia 1 OGICAL HOTSPOTS: MAIN INTERSECTIONS OGICAL JUNCTIONS: USE AND ACCESS) HAS EVOLVED AS A NATURAL ECOLOGY. 60% OF ASIA’S ENDANGERED SPECIES RESIDE IN THE DMZ AND CCZ. FURTHERMORE APPROXIMATELY 400,000 BIRDS ANNUALLY MIGRATE INTO THE DMZ AND CCZ FROM SOUTH-EAST ASIA TO RUSSIA AND ALASKA. THE DMZ HAS ATTRACTED OUTSIDERS--INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL AUDIENCE--TO PARTICIPATE IN ECO-TOURISM. MANY SITES ALONG THE DMZ HAS BECOME AN ECO-DESTINATION THAT INTERACTIVELY ENGAGES VISITORS WITH THE LOCAL CULTURE AND ECONOMY. INVESTORS HAVE BEEN SEEKING TO DEVELOP THIS GROWING TOURIST ECONOMY. MAINSTREAM TOURISM AND URBAN ENCROACHMENT CAN LEAD TO DEPRECIATED LOCAL ECONOMY AND CULTURE THAT IS IMPORTANT FOR SUSTAINING THE ECOLOGY OF THE ENVIRONMENT WITHIN THE CCZ. 2 ARCHITECTURE AS A PREVENTIVE METHOD FROM MASSIVE URBAN DEVELOPMENTS CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE NORTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER SOUTH KOREAN DE M ILITARIZED ZONE BORDER MILITARY DEMARCATION LINE CIVILIAN CONTROL LINE STAGE 2: NETWORK STAGE 1: PROTOTYPE STAGE 3: PROTECTIVE ZONE SEOUL SOUTH KOREAN CAPITAL CITYTAL CITYT KAESONG NORTH KOREANNORTH KOREAN NEW INDUSTRIAL CITYNEW INDUSTRIAL CITYNEW INDUSTRIAL CITY PYONGYANGYANGY NORTH KOREANNORTH KOREANNORTH KOREANNORTH KOREAN CAPICAPITAL CITYTAL CITYT 46 KM 8 KM 205 KM DORASAN PAJU CITY, SOUTH KOREA SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA KAESONG, NORTH KOREA JOINT SECURITY AREA PYONGYANG, NORTH KOREA INCHEON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 46 KM 160 KM 8 KM 5 KM 205 KM 50KM ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN CONTEXT TO THE BORDER DORASAN, PAJU, SOUTH KOREA CONTEXTUALANALYSIS Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Civilian Controlled Line DMZ Tour Destinations Unaccessible and Secured Sites Bik city ofcity o KAESONG DMZZ D M Z DMDMZZZ PajuPaju CityCi Hall AAegibong Peakng ObservatorObservatoryyrr Dorasan ObservatorDor O yyrr Odusan Observatorbse yrr The 3rd Infiltrationon Tunnenell Kichongdong Neutral VillageNeu North KoreaNo Taesongdong Neutral Village South KoreaS 1st Infilitration Tunneln Tu r t Bridgeofof Freedomm v Rive Im jin R Im j nin R r Heyri Villagege Camp Bonifasni JointJoinJointJoin SecuritySecSeS Areaea Imjingakak Peace-Nuri ParkP PDORASAN PEACE PARK DORASAN STATION PAJU CITY LOCATION INFORMATION Central Part of Korean Peninsula Landform Type: Mostly Swampy Environmental elements: Imjin River + Dorasan Mt. Unification & DMZ Tourist Destinations: Joint Security Area 3rd Infiltration Tunnel + Dorasan Observatory Dorasan Train Station Cultural Infrastructure + Heritage Paju Book City (8,000 Employees, Business+Exhibition) Heyri Art Village (370 Residence+Gallery+Art Workshop) Gyeonggi English Village (700 Visits per day) National Football Center (Soccer Training Facility, 1,160 persons accommodation) STATISTICS: Area: 7.25 million sqft Population 364,223 (as of December 2010) (520,000 Expected in year 2025) Density: 1,187.8/sq mi IN PROXIMITY TO OTHER LOCATION 40 minutes from center of Seoul by car 1 hour from Incheon International Airport + Incheon Port Active railways that connect Paju and Seoul since 2009 Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Length: 43.5 BRIEF SITE HISTORY: DORASAN PEACE PARK, completed in 2009 Developed with the intention to educate outsiders about the DMZ ecological evolution and memorialize the Korean War. DORASAN CUSTOM HOUSE, completed in 2006 Regulates imports and exports activity along the DMZ border. DORSAN TRAIN STATION, completed in 2002 Last train station in South Korea and where the tracks continue to North Korea. ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN CONTEXT TO PAJU PROVINCE DORASAN, PAJU, SOUTH KOREA CONTEXTUALANALYSIS Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Civilian Controlled Line DMZ Tour Destinations Unaccessible and Secured Sites 3_PROTOTYPING BUILT ENVIRONMENTS Initial Site _ Dorasan, Paju Korea
  18. 18. Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Civilian Controlled Line DMZ Tour Destinations Unaccessible and Secured Sites Bik city ofcity o KAESONG DMZZ D M Z DMDMZZZ PajuPaju CityCi Hall AAegibong Peakng ObservatorObservatoryyrr Dorasan ObservatorDor O yyrr Odusan Observatorbse yrr The 3rd Infiltrationon Tunnenell Kichongdong Neutral VillageNeu North KoreaNo Taesongdong Neutral Village South KoreaS 1st Infilitration Tunneln Tu r t Bridgeofof Freedomm v Rive Im jin R Im j nin R r Heyri Villagege Camp Bonifasni JointJoinJointJoin SecuritySecSeS Areaea Imjingakak Peace-Nuri ParkP PDORASAN PEACE PARK DORASAN STATION PAJU CITY LOCATION INFORMATION Central Part of Korean Peninsula Landform Type: Mostly Swampy Environmental elements: Imjin River + Dorasan Mt. Unification & DMZ Tourist Destinations: Joint Security Area 3rd Infiltration Tunnel + Dorasan Observatory Dorasan Train Station Cultural Infrastructure + Heritage Paju Book City (8,000 Employees, Business+Exhibition) Heyri Art Village (370 Residence+Gallery+Art Workshop) Gyeonggi English Village (700 Visits per day) National Football Center (Soccer Training Facility, 1,160 persons accommodation) STATISTICS: Area: 7.25 million sqft Population 364,223 (as of December 2010) (520,000 Expected in year 2025) Density: 1,187.8/sq mi IN PROXIMITY TO OTHER LOCATION 40 minutes from center of Seoul by car 1 hour from Incheon International Airport + Incheon Port Active railways that connect Paju and Seoul since 2009 Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Length: 43.5 BRIEF SITE HISTORY: DORASAN PEACE PARK, completed in 2009 Developed with the intention to educate outsiders about the DMZ ecological evolution and memorialize the Korean War. DORASAN CUSTOM HOUSE, completed in 2006 Regulates imports and exports activity along the DMZ border. DORSAN TRAIN STATION, completed in 2002 Last train station in South Korea and where the tracks continue to North Korea. ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN CONTEXT TO PAJU PROVINCE DORASAN, PAJU, SOUTH KOREA CONTEXTUALANALYSIS Peace & Life Eco-Tour Trail Civilian Controlled Line DMZ Tour Destinations Unaccessible and Secured Sites NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA URBA N AGRICUL TURAL ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN CONTEXT TO THE BORDER DORASAN, PAJU, SOUTH KOREA AGRICULTURAL AREA CENTER FOR REGIONAL + TRANSATIONAL INTERACTION DIRECTION OF SUPPORT BASED ON FOOD AND PRODUCTION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY TRANSIT ROAD NO.1 URBAN NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  19. 19. 1 CITY WILDLIFE RESERVOIR FARM LAND ROAD NO.1 + KOREAN RAILWAY BORDER OF PAJU PROVINCE TO SEOUL METROPLEX IMJIN RIVER URBAN AND RURAL LANDSCAPE RELATIONSHIP PAJU CITY, SOUTH KOREA DORASAN TO KAESONG, NK AGRICULTURAL AREA URBAN TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY TRANSIT ROAD NO.1 CENTER FOR REGIONAL + TRANSNATIONAL INTERACTION ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL DIRECTION OF SUPPORT BASED ON FOOD AND PRODUCTION NORTH KOREA NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA URBAN AGRICULTURAL 4 NEXT STAGE ECO-EVOLUTION Civilian ControlledLine BikeandHikePath BikeandHikePath 1 2 4 5 4 1 CHALLENGE THE RISING DEVELOPMENT NEAR DORASAN AND BY CREATING AN ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA URBA N AGRICUL TURAL ECOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN CONTEXT TO THE BORDER DORASAN, PAJU, SOUTH KOREA AGRICULTURAL AREA CENTER FOR REGIONAL + TRANSATIONAL INTERACTION DIRECTION OF SUPPORT BASED ON FOOD AND PRODUCTION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY TRANSIT ROAD NO.1 URBAN NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA CONTEXTUALANALYSIS 4_NEXT STAGE ECO-EVOLUTION
  20. 20. PROFILE: COMMUTING FARMERS USER+CATEGORY: farmers INTENDED USE: seasonal stay for harvest and planting TIMEFRAME: 4-6 months
  21. 21. USER+CATEGORY: students & researchers INTENDED USE: frequent visits according to academic schedule TIMEFRAME: 3-4 months/Semester PROFILE: UNIVERSITY USER+CATEGORY: students & researchers INTENDED USE: frequent visits according to academic schedule TIMEFRAME: 3-4 months/Semester
  22. 22. REA, AND ENJOYING NATURE, SPENDING ONE NIGHTS ON A LOCATION. AS SUCH, THE PHRASE AMPING’ CONTRADICTS ITSELF. IMPORT EXPORT ARCHITECTURE PROFILE: URBAN ESCAPIST USER+CATEGORY: recreational visitor/ ecotourists INTENDED USE: brief rest and option to stay one night TIMEFRAME: 1-2 nights
  23. 23. fficetel, ed as gain a heir H O R T I C U LT U R A L S C H E D U L E GROWING SEASON PLANTING SEASON HARVEST SEASON A C A D E M I C S C H E D U L E MARCH-JUNE TERM SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER TERM A C A D E M I C B R E A K S C H E D U L E SUMMER BREAK WINTER BREAK T O U R I S T S E A S O N SUMMER// BEFORE MONSOON (JUNE-JULY) FALL (SEPTEMBER - OCTOBER) SPRING (MAY) JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JUNE + SEPTEMBER ARE THE MOST OCCUPIED MONTHS JANUARY + FEBRUARY + DECEMBER ARE THE LEAST OCCUPIED MONTHS CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  24. 24. Civilian ControlledLine Civ ilia n Controlled Lin e BikeandHikePath BikeandHikePath BikeandHike DMZ DMZ Pa juC ityHalt l 4 11 lled Aegibongong PeakPea Observatoryrr PeaceObservarr toryrr Dora Observarr toorryrr Odusan Observrr atoryrr Panmunjeom The 3rd Infiltration Tunnel BridgeofFe reedom GanghwaTeTT rminal GanghwaDaegyoyy Brido ge Dorassan Station Dujinaru Ferry GanghwaHistoryrr Musy eum EunamEun Museumofmof NaturalHistoryrr GanghwaHwamunseok CultureHale l DADOMuseuseumm Dongjggin ConfucianAcademy The Infiltration routrr e of the Northrr KoreanA rmy Gorang Inlet Gyeongsun Wangneung Horogoruji Fortrr ress Site Ganghwaa Fort gg ress GwangseongboFortrrr ess YongjgginjinFortrr ress DeokjkinjinFortrr ress Dolmen Imjingang River OdudondaeHighGround Mt.Munsusan Bukhansan National Park Yeonmijei ongPavilion Peace- NuriPar k Dorasan Peace Pa rk Immjingak Pa Woodstock atods oc the DMZt HeyriVilla ge rk m a W t ar DMZ DoraObservatory Panmunjeom The3rdInfiltration Tunnel nfnfiiiilllltrtraattttiiiioonn TunTunnenellll CampBonifasCampBonifas BridgeofFreedom DorasanStation Gye Wan Imjingang River Peace-NuriPark DorasanPeacePark ImjingakPark Woodstock at the DMZ TaesongdongTaesongdongTaesongdongTaesongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdongKichongdong 500 meteres DMZBorder CCZBorder DMZBorder DMZBorder Panmunjeom JSA Joint Security Area border control unit KAESONG INDUSTRIAL PARK high fences NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA NORTH KOREA SOUTH KOREA Taesongdong Village Population: 220 CCZBorder CCZBorder imjinriver DORASAN CUSTOM HOUSE MUNSAN CITY CAMP JESSUP for 2nd infantry division DORASAN OBSERVATORY S I T E C O N T E X T CONNECTION TO KAESONG INDUSTRIAL PARK TRANS-KOREAN RAILWAY CONTEXTUALANALYSIS oul City Hall
  25. 25. AMP JESSUP r 2nd infantry vision Munsan Munsan oul City Hall S O U T H current disconnected system of transit An cipated extension to complete the Trans-Korean Railway Gyeonggi Line of Seoul Metropolitan Subway Line K O R E A PyongyangKaesong Dorasan Pyongyang Sta on Subways running to suburbs Tram System within city centers N O R T H K O R E A Munsan SEOUL PYONGYANG Imjingang Dorasan Jangdan Bongdong Songha Kaesong Panmun (JSA) NORTH KOREAN PUBLIC AND MASS TRANSIT S I T E C O N T E X T ANTICIPATED SEQUENCE OF TRANSIT: TRANS-KOREAN RAILWAY STATIONS Gyeonggi Line Yongsan-Munsan (48.6 km) The extension makes the railway a total of 70km DORASAN RAILWAY AND CUSTOM HOUSE CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  26. 26. DORASAN TRAIN STATION + located within paju province of south korea + built before the korean war, and renovated in 2002 + last train stop in south korea and tracks continue to north korea + if it operates, the train will connect south korean city seoul with north korean cities kaesong and pyongyang. + within the civilian control zone + limited access to the public + south korean civilians are not allowed to enter + only foreigners holding passports of limited nations may enter + access to only 300 people per day + only 10 trains per day to and from dorasan + dorasan train does not transport people between north and south korea SITE CONTEXT : ADJACENCY TO TRAIN STATION CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  27. 27. SITE 1 1) Peace Monument, Titled “Creation” to resemble the eternal light of hope for peace between North and South Korea 2) Peace Sculpture, “Separated Extreme Points“ 3) Commemorated tree planted by President King Daejung on the 63rd annual celebration of Arbor Day 4) Wildlife Pond 5) Galleries Exhibition of DMZ Wildlife, Dora region history, geography, and background information on peace. There are also mock-ups of DMZ fenced border. 6) Peace Forest 7) Plaza 8) Dorasan Train Station SITE CONTEXT : ENTRY VIEW EXISTING GALLERY VIEW PEACE PARK CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  28. 28. DESIGNPHASE|SITEPLAN
  29. 29. C U R R E N T: SITE CONDITIONS` CONTEXTUALANALYSIS FORESTS WATER RICE PADDIES GINSENG FIELDS 100’ 400’ 1,000’ CUSTOM HOUSEMILITARY BASE BORDER CONTROL ADMINISTRATION 1 ADMINISTRATION 2 TRAIN STATION TRAIN STORAGE PEACE PARK GALLERY UNIFICATION MONUMENT
  30. 30. C U R R E N T: SITE CONDITIONS` CONTEXTUALANALYSIS FORESTS WATER RICE PADDIES GINSENG FIELDS 100’ 400’ 1,000’ CUSTOM HOUSEMILITARY BASE BORDER CONTROL ADMINISTRATION 1 ADMINISTRATION 2 TRAIN STATION TORAGE PEACE P GALLERY UNIFICATION MONUMENT
  31. 31. C U R R E N T: SITE ZONING CONTEXTUALANALYSIS 400’ 1,000’ PUBLICGREENBELTGOVERNMENTAL AGRICULTURAL REF WAT RED ENT 100’
  32. 32. REFORESTATION AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCE REDIRECTED ENTRY PROMENADE 100’ 400’ 1,000’ P R O P O S E D : SITE ZONING CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  33. 33. BORDER CONTROL 100’ 400’ 1,000’ SERVICE ACCESS TRAIN TO MUNSAN STATION, SOUTH KOREA TRAIN TO KAESONG STATION, SOUTH KOREA SERVICE ENTRY INTO THE PEACE PARK TRAFFIC + PEDESTRIAN CROSSING PARKING FOR TRAIN STATION PARKING CUSTOMS PEDESTRIAN ENTRY FROM TRAIN STATION PARKING+CAR ARRIVAL FOR PEACE PARK VEHICULAR ACCESS TRAIN ACCESS PEDESTRIAN ACCESS C U R R E N T: ACCESSIBILITY + SITE CIRCULATION CONTEXTUALANALYSIS 100’ 4
  34. 34. P R O P O S E D : ACCESSIBILITY + SITE CONDITIONS 100’ 400’ 1,000’ PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN ENTRY PROPOSED SERVICE ENTRY PARKING FOR TRAIN STATION + PEACE PARK PARKING + CAR ARRIVAL FOR SERVICE VEHICLES TRAIN TO MUNSAN STATION, SOUTH KOREA TRAIN TO KAESONG STATION, SOUTH KOREA VEHICULAR ACCESS TRAIN ACCESS PEDESTRIAN ACCESS CONTEXTUALANALYSIS
  35. 35. SITE PLAN process sketches form development through landscape relationship biforcated relationship views at ends axis redirected biforacation DESIGNPHASE|SITEPLAN Top Left: Axonometric Diagram of program Top Right: Design process sketch, watercolor Bottom Left: Model on site (3d print resin, plexiglas, chipboard)
  36. 36. Early example of Program distribution and open/enclosed spaces Diagrammatic study models Of the beginnings of a plan PLAN process sketches HOTEL GALLERY OPENINGS THROUGH THE BUILDING CENTRAL AXIS DESIGNPHASE|PLAN
  37. 37. Top: Site Plan Bottom: Elevation from South Entrance foot bridge
  38. 38. BUSINESS SINGLES SPA CONFERENCE MARKET RESTAURANT RETAIL EXHIBIION GALLERY
  39. 39. Entry gate from the south bridge
  40. 40. 11 B B 121212 10 11 121212 0 20 40 80 LEVEL 1 1. CHANGING EXHIBITION 2. GALLERY LOGGIA 3. GALLERY ENTRY 4. GATE 5. HOTEL ENTRY 6. RETAIL 7. BAR 8. RESTAURAUNT SEATING 9. KITCHEN 10. SPA 11. OPEN MARKET 12. GINSENG GARDEN 1 A A 1'-0" = 1/8" PLAN level oneDESIGNPHASE|PLAN
  41. 41. TION GALLERYY  A A 0 20 40 80 PLAN 1A CLOSE UP PLAN 1A CLOSE UPOSE UP PLAN 1B CLOSE UP Top: Second Level Plan of Museum, Hotel rooms, Conference halls, and Spa Top Right: Enlarged Level 2 Plans at bay (orange represents the floor surface pattern for balcony bridge, and hallways) Bottom: Interior Perspectives (from L to R) - View from the second level hotel hallway -View from bridge connecting hotel rooms and conference center LEVEL 2 1_PERMANENT COLLECTION GALLERY 2_BUSINESS SINGLE 3_LOUNGE/STUDY 4_TWO BEDROM SUITE 5_CONFERENCE ROOM 6_SPA PLAN level two DESIGNPHASE|PLAN
  42. 42. - Diagrams of cross section, ink and watercolor - Site section of the water, storefront, hotel, market, water and ginseng garden.
  43. 43. July 21 December 21
  44. 44. July 21 December 21
  45. 45. - Diagram of a bay portion of the southern facade - Elevation of south gate entry
  46. 46. Single Pattern/ Single Curvature 1_DIVIDE Single Surface vs. Assemblage 2_WEAVE Interlocking for strength and form 3_SHAPE Orientation of the pattern directs form Mirrored Pattern/ Reverse Curve Alternating Pattern/ Double Reverse Curves Series of light study for the roof lattice system during design phase.
  47. 47. lattice column roof beams columns pavilion prototype unit structure Clockwise from top left corner: - Diagram of a bay portion of the southern facade - Composite exploded sections of the roof components and materials. - Exploded axon model of a bay segment and single bay unit axon - Elevation of south gate entry cover
  48. 48. modus vivendi protoarchitecture for the future korean dmz wooden steel beam steel frame steel frame wooden cover wooden steel column bolts wooden lattice wooden frame glass panels steel mullions skylight frame

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