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This weekly pillbox helps patients remember when and if
they have taken their medicine.
She took a tongue depressor and said: “open your mouth and say Ah .
Two Medical Tongue Twisters
If one doctor doctors another, does the doctor who
doctors the doctor doctor the doctor the way the doctor
he is doctoring doctors? Or does he doctor the doctor
the way the doctor who doctors doctors ?
The sixth Sheik’s sixth sheep’s surely sick.
The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening
to the internal sounds of an animal or human body. It typically has a small
disc-shaped resonator that is placed against the chest, and two tubes
connected to earpieces. It is often used to listen to lung and heart sounds.
from Greek stēthos ‘breast’ + skopein ‘look at.’
Invented by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec
A small case or container, especially a round or cylindrical one.
a small, soluble case of gelatin containing a dose of medicine, swallowed
whole. Anatomy: a tough sheath or membrane that encloses something in
the body, such as a kidney, a lens, or a synovial joint.
Gelatin capsules, informally called gel caps or gelcaps, are composed of
gelatin manufactured from the collagen of animal skin or bone. Vegetable
capsules are composed of hypromellose, a polymer formulated from
“Slip the thermometer under your tongue and I’ll be back in five minutes”
Normal body temperature or Oral temperature is about 98.6°F or 37°C. This
can vary considerably. In the intestines temperatures may reach 60°C!
In 1881, the first blood pressure device was invented by Samuel Siegfried Karl
Ritter von Basch. It consisted of a rubber bulb that was filled with water to
restrict blood flow in the artery.
On the left is an early Riva-Rocc blood
Modern blood pressure measurement was
not developed until 1905, when Dr. Nikolai
Korotkoff discovered the difference between
systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood
mid 18th century: from French, or from Latin scalpellum, diminutive
of scalprum ‘chisel,’ from scalpere ‘to scratch.’
1560s, gais, from French gaze, conjectured to be from Arabic gazz "raw silk" or
from Gaza, Palestinian city associated with production of this fabric. A bleached,
woven cotton cloth, used for dressings, bandages, and absorbent sponges
“We are going to clean your wound and wrap it in gauze.”
During an ear exam, a tool called an otoscope is used to look at the outer
ear canal and eardrum. The otoscope has a light, a magnifying lens, and a
funnel-shaped viewing piece with a narrow, pointed end called a speculum.
late 16th century: from Latin, ‘tongs, pincers
The obstetric forceps, allowing during birth, the extraction of a living child, was
invented by the eldest son of the Chamberlen family of surgeons. The Chamberlens
were French Huguenots from Normandy origin but working in Paris before they
immigrated to England in 1569 to flee from religious violence perpetrated in France. In
fact, the instrument was kept secret for 150 years by the Chamberlen family, although
there is evidence for its presence as far back as 1634.
Forceps (in childbirth)
Did you know the first hammers weren’t used to test reflexes? They were initially
used for percussion. The first hammer used for percussion was created by a
Scottish physician Sir David Barry in the early 1800’s. In 1870, Wilhelm Heinrich
Erb recognized the diagnostic use of the percussion hammer in the patellar (or
Most of these items would be found inside this:
Doctor’s black bag
Dr. William Hyatt Gordon's article “The Doctor's Bag—What Should Be in
It,” published in the April 1950 issue of GP.
In medicine, a catheter /ˈkæθɪtər/ is a thin tube made from medical grade
materials serving a broad range of functions. Catheters are medical devices that
can be inserted in the body to treat diseases or perform a surgical procedure. By
modifying the material or adjusting the way catheters are manufactured, it is
possible to tailor catheters for cardiovascular, urological, gastrointestinal,
neurovascular, and ophthalmic applications.
The ancient Syrians created catheters from reeds. "Katheter — καθετήρ" originally
referred to any instrument that was inserted, such as a plug. It comes from the
Greek verb "kathiemai — καθίεμαι" meaning "let down", because the catheter
was 'let down' into the body.
Some pertinent sites About the authors:
Chris Yukna works at the
Ecole des Mines,
He has three websites that
he tries to update
Business Emporium (Esl business lessons &
Totally Unorthodox (where he puts everything
Josette Molle is an
amazing ESL & FLE teacher.
She teaches at Atout Savoir
and will be presenting at
TESOL in November 2016
From Professor Yukna:
• 1. Medical Breakthroughs Quiz
• 2. Medcards ICU deck
• 3. Infectious Chronic Inflammatory
• 4. Fortified with Iron quiz
• 5. Do you want to have some pun?
From Josette Molle:
• 1. What's that?
• 2. Qu'est-ce que c'est?