2. Meaning of TQM
Total Quality management is defined as a continuous
effort by the management as well as employees of a
particular organization to ensure long term customer
loyalty and customer satisfaction.
Total quality management ensures that every single
employee is working towards the improvement of
work culture, processes, services, systems and so on
to ensure long term success.
4. Planning Phase
• In this phase employees have to come up with their
problems and queries which need to be addressed.
• Employees are required to do necessary research and
collect relevant data which would help them find
solutions to all the problems.
• Employees develop a solution for the problems defined
in planning phase.
• Strategies are devised and implemented to overcome
the challenges faced by employees. The effectiveness
of solutions and strategies is also measured in this
5. • Checking Phase
Checking phase is the stage where people actually do
a comparison analysis of before and after data to
confirm the effectiveness of the processes and
measure the results.
• Acting Phase
In this phase employees document their results and
prepare themselves to address other problems.
6. Elements of TQM
The success of total quality management depends on
• Building Bricks
• Binding Mortar
10. Trust - Trust improves relationship among employees
and eventually helps in better decision making which
further helps in implementing total quality management
11. Bricks include:
Training-Managers need to make their fellow workers aware of the
benefits of total quality management and how would it make a
difference in their product quality and eventually yield profits for
12. Teamwork-Team work is a crucial element of total quality
management. Rather than working individually,
employees need to work in teams.
14. Binding Motar includes:
• Communication : upward, downward, sideways-
Communication binds employees and extracts the best out of
them. Information needs to be passed on from the sender to the
recipient in its desired form.
Recognition- Recognition is the most
important factor which acts as a
catalyst and drives employees to
work hard as a team and deliver
their lever best.
Every individual is hungry for
appreciation and recognition.
16. BENEFITS OF TQM
Advantages unique to TQM
1.It makes a company a leader and not follower.
2.TQM creates goal direction connection between
customer, management and workers. Everyone is
motivated to contribute.
3.It makes the company more sensitive to customer
20. Involves designing products or services that meet or
exceed the customer's expectations.
This involves the product itself, its functionality,
attributes, convenience and even the means by which
the information about a product is received by a
Focus on the
21. Have a strategic
Processes are developed and tested to ensure the
product or service's quality.
This also involves making sure suppliers offer
quality supplies needed to produce products.
Always analyzing the way work is being
performed to determine if more effective or
efficient ways are possible, making
improvements and striving for excellence all
23. Encourage mutual respect and
Important because it fosters a single-organizational
culture of excellence by knowing that every
employee from top to bottom of the hierarchy holds
the same core principles at heart.
27. What Is• Six Sigma at
simply means a
strives for near
Six Sigma is a
28. 6 Sigma
• Improve Customer Satisfaction
• Standardize Business Development
• Ensure Industry and Government Compliance
• Develop Career Growth Opportunities
29. 6 Sigma Methodology
Six Sigma has 3 key methodologies:
• DMAIC: It refers to a data-driven strategy for
improving processes. This methodology is used
to improve an existing business process.
• DMADV: Data-driven strategy for designing
products & processes. This methodology is used
to create new product designs or process designs
• DFSS: Design For Six Sigma. DFSS is a data-driven
strategy for designing or redesigning a product or
service from the ground up.
• Up to 50% process cost reduction
• Cycle-time improvement
• Less waste of materials
• A better understanding of customer
requirements, increased customer
• More reliable products and services
companies that practice Six Sigma.
41. It is acknowledged that Six Sigma can be
costly to implement and can take several
years before a company begins to see
bottom-line results. Texas Instruments,
Scientific-Atlanta, General Electric, and
Allied Signal are a few of the