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The progress and challenge of OpenStreetMap in East Asia

I talk in Hong Kong Open Source Conference 2017, a brief introduction of OpenStreetMap, and the Challenge of localization, especially in East Asia.

我在香港開源年會簡介開放街圖,以及在地化的挑戰,特別是在東亞這一帶。

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The progress and challenge of OpenStreetMap in East Asia

  1. 1. The Progress and Challenges of Mapping in Taiwan HK Open Source Conference, 2017, Hong Kong Cyberport Dennis Raylin Chen
  2. 2. ● OSM ID: Supaplex ● Work in Tech media TechNews in Taiwan ● Wikipedian, Supervisor of Wikimedia Taiwan ● Board member of OpenStreetMap Taiwan Organization ● Taipei Meetup host, translator of OSM related project Dennis
  3. 3. What is OpenStreetMap ● OSM, osm.org ● Founded in 2004 ● Community editing web map ● Wikipedia version Map ● Website using OSM : Foursquare, Apple Photo, USAtoday, Facebook
  4. 4. Founder ● British Guy Steve Coast ● GIS Student ● He complained that English OS Geodata is too Expensive ● So He launch a Web Map Project like Wikipedia, Everybody can Countribute https://www.hpematter.com/issue-no-4-spring-2015/peoples-map-meet-most-comprehensive-map-planet
  5. 5. Mapping Edit List
  6. 6. Detect data error tools
  7. 7. Gamify of Small Editing
  8. 8. Wikipedia Vs OpenStreetMap ● License: CC-BY-SA and ODbL ● OpenStreetMap data is structure data ● OpenStreetMap does not have Wikipedia Notability Guideline, if it is exist then It can be mapped ● Crowds Matters, Both Needs Contributors
  9. 9. Database Size : 57G https://planet.osm.org/planet/
  10. 10. Users growth curve http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Stats
  11. 11. Infrustructure
  12. 12. Extreme dense of OpenStreetMap data: Berlin
  13. 13. A database, varies map style
  14. 14. Standard Layer: Mapnik http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=14/22.2939/114.1789
  15. 15. Cycle Map http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=14/22.2913/114.1783&layers=C
  16. 16. Transport Map http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=14/22.2913/114.1783&layers=T
  17. 17. Humanitarian http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=14/22.2895/114.1774&layers=H
  18. 18. Ya, you could use artist style
  19. 19. Crayon drawing style http://crayonmap.herokuapp.com/#map=17/22.285930/114.157954
  20. 20. Advantage 3D Buildings • http://maps.cloudmade.com/editor
  21. 21. Public Transport
  22. 22. Advantage Power Tower useasreferecewhen hiking • Power line in Northern Taiwan Openstreetmap Taiwan Supaplex 24
  23. 23. Apps
  24. 24. 2012 - Mapping Haiti after the Earthquake
  25. 25. https://twitter.com/billgates/status/595461719897538561
  26. 26. India Palace
  27. 27. Multi-language name label map - India ttp://openstreetmap.in/demo.html#3.9/23.10/81.00
  28. 28. Getting data from OSM ● Planet ● 3rd Party Extract, ex: Geofabrik ● API: OpenStreetMap API , Overpass API ● Use Case: For use in GIS tools, like QGIS analysis
  29. 29. OpenStreetMap API Retrieving map data by bounding box ● GET /api/0.6/map?bbox=left,bottom,right,top
  30. 30. Getting List of Hong Kong Road Names By Overpass API http://overpass-turbo.eu/?Q=%5Bout%3Acsv%28%22name%22%3Bfalse%29%5D%3B%0Aarea %5Bname%3D%22Troisdorf%22%5D%3B%0Away%28area%29%5Bhighway%5D%5Bname%5D%3B %0Aout%3B
  31. 31. Use by 3rd -Party
  32. 32. Foursquare Map
  33. 33. Facebook!
  34. 34. 2015 Screenshot https://www.flickr.com/photos/dongpo/19572434280/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/dongpo/19572450978//
  35. 35. Map Errors Report from Facebook https://www.flickr.com/photos/dongpo/19138103974
  36. 36. Sudden change of map, means there are the furious users ● Not aware of the feedback is public accessible, and the map is maintain by communities (Nobody, 沒有人 )
  37. 37. https://twitter.com/mappingmashups/status/756996185437511681
  38. 38. Facebook use in East Asia ● In the forum post, Facebook Staff mention using OpenStreetMap in landmark page in Japan, South Korean ● However doesn't mention China, Taiwan, Vietnam ● Facebook works with DigitalGlobe, using AI to trace the road network on the satellite image
  39. 39. Multi-language Map made by Facebook
  40. 40. Taiwan Topo Map ● Already using OpenStreetMap ● Some hikers also adding trail to OpenStreetmap ● Combining the DTM data from the government, the map rending is more useful for climbing mountain https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10154544537337138&set=gm.676811479141135&type=3&theat http://sea.tokyo.idv.tw/?p=3004
  41. 41. Hiking Map data
  42. 42. Program ● Drinking Water Map • http://drinking.teia.tw/ Openstreetmap Taiwan Supaplex 85 More information: http://beta.hackfoldr.org/drinking-water
  43. 43. Drinking water map ● Work with local Environment group: Taiwan Environment Information Center ● Host several meetups ● Use Overpass API
  44. 44. https://github.com/teia- tw/drinking_water
  45. 45. Overpass Related Code
  46. 46. Fortune Teller App
  47. 47. https://github.com/OsmHackTW/Geom ancer
  48. 48. Activities in Taiwan ● Taipei Meetup ● Kaohsiung Wikimedia X OpenStreetMap ● State of the Map Taiwan
  49. 49. 社群活動
  50. 50. OSM tile server in Taiwan https://2015.rmll.info/IMG/pdf/lsm2015-osm-v1.pdf
  51. 51. Serving 22 countries/regions https://2015.rmll.info/IMG/pdf/lsm2015-osm-v1.pdf
  52. 52. State of the Map Asia 2016 in Manila
  53. 53. Coming Soon State of the Map 2017 in Aizu- Wakamatsu, Japan
  54. 54. Problem and Challenge ● Localization – Chinese Text ● Lack of East Asia Specific Tagging Standard – Religions
  55. 55. App Could Easily Switch to Another Language But not on the main site
  56. 56. Chinese witch one: Traditional or Simplified? ● 中國 / 中国 ● 臺灣 / 台湾 ● 南韓 / 韩国
  57. 57. Different Chinese Characters ● 正體 / 简体 ● Traditional Chinese / Simplified Chinese ● China and Taiwan use different set of Chinese characters ● Name:zh Chinese name field is not enough
  58. 58. Difference Writing in Chinese ● zh-hant/zh-hans or zh-tw/zh-cn/zh-hk/zh-mo
  59. 59. Terms used in different writing system ● Cannes (Where the Cannes File Festival hold) – 戛纳 – 坎城 – 康城 ● Mindanao (The Philippine) – 棉兰老 – 民答那峨 – 棉蘭老
  60. 60. Name tag use in Taiwan (proposed) Including Language/Dialogue https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1d0ahZTEuu9B8Ud7CJOFYi5fBSoI_s1iOo8QZoKkrA5E/edit#gid= 0
  61. 61. Name tag use in Taiwan (proposed) Taiwanese Aboriginal Tribe
  62. 62. ●Polytheism and apotheosis of historical figures
  63. 63. Even Christian Is a Problem ● True Jesus Church ( 真耶穌教會 ) is just number 2 in Taiwan compare to Presbyterianism – Original from China during the Three-Self Patriotic Movement ( 三自運動 ) ● Bread and Soul ( 靈糧堂 ) is very popular in Taiwan (Also Controversies) ● How to Tag These Denomination?
  64. 64. The way to tag deities and religious (proposed) Tsihua Temple Queen Mother of the West Tiandiism
  65. 65. Further Readings ● My Talk about Taiwan Related Localizated Tagging Scheme Proposed and the Experience of State of the Map Asia https://www.openstreetmap.org/user/Supaplex/diary/399 ●
  66. 66. Any Question ● Facebook Group : OpenStreetMap Taiwan https://www.facebook.com/groups/OpenStreetMap.TW/ ● Taiwan Community Site : http://www.openstreetmap.tw

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