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  1. PRESENTED BY: Charlene Quezon Role Of International Financial Institutions
  2. INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS: International financial institutions (IFIs) are financial institutions that have been established by more than one country, and hence are subjects of international laws. Their owners or shareholders are generally national governments, although other international institutions and other organizations occasionally figure as shareholders. The most prominent IFIs are creations of multiple nations, although some bilateral financial institutions exist and are technically IFIs. Many of these are multilateral development banks (MDB).
  3. WHAT ARE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (IFI’S) World Bank Group (WBG): International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) International Development Association (IDA) International Finance Corporation (IFC) Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) International Monetary Fund (IMF) Regional development banks, such as: African Development Bank (AFDB) Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  4. CONTINUED….. Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) Bank of the South European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Other regional financial institutions e.g. European Investment Bank (EIB) Export Credit Agencies of individual country governments, such as: US Export Import Bank (EXIM) Japan External Trade Organization Hermes Kreditversicherungs (Germany)
  5. INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS: Their common goal……. to reduce global poverty and improve people's living conditions and standards to support sustainable economic, social and institutional development to promote regional cooperation and integration.
  6. PLANS LED BY G-20 SUMMIT IN WASHINGTON D.C: 1. World Bank Group (WBG) 2. International Monetary Fund (IMF) 3. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 4. Asian Development Bank (ADB) 5. African Development Bank (AFDB) 6. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) G20 leaders and delegates attend the Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy Saturday at the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C. on November 15, 2008.
  7. WORLD BANK GROUP: The term "World Bank" generally refersto just the IBRD and IDA The World Bank's activities are focused on developing countries, in fields such as human development, agriculture and rural development, environmental protection, infrastructure, and governance. It isconcernedwith assistingits member countriesto achieve sustainedeconomic growth. It functionsasan intermediary for the transfer of financial resourcesfrom the more developed to the lessdeveloped countries. WORLD BANK Formation- 27 December 1945 Type- International organization Legal status- Treaty Purpose/focus- Economic development, poverty elimination Membership- 187countries President- Robert Zoellick Jim Yong Kim (Elect) Main organ- Board ofDirectors Website-
  9. INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMET (IBRD): 1.The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development was established in 1945. 2. It had 184 members. 3. The IBRD is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by World War II. 4. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means of financing states. 5. Cumulative lending: $394 billion 6. Fiscal 2004 lending: $11 billion for 87 new operations in 33 countries
  10. INTERNA TIONA L DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (IDA): 1.The International Development Association was established in September 24, 1960. 2. 165 Members is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries. 3. IDA is responsible for providing long-term, interest-free loans to the world's 80 poorest countries, 39 of which are in Africa. 4. Fiscal 2004 commitments: $9 billion for 158 new operations in 62 countries
  11. MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT AND GUARENTEE AGENCY (MIGA): 1. The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency was established in 1988. 2. It had165 members. 3. Cumulative guarantees issued: $13.5 billion (Amounts include funds leveraged through the Cooperative Underwriting Program). 4. Fiscal 2004 guarantees issued: $1.1 billion
  12. INTERNA TIONA L FINANCE CORPORA TION (IFC): 1.The International Finance Corporation was established in 1956. 2. It had 176 members. 3. Committed portfolio: $23.5 billion (includes $5.5 billion in syndicated loans). 4. It promotes sustainable private sector investment in developing countries as a way to reduce poverty and improve people's lives. 5. Fiscal 2004 commitments: $4.8 billion for 217 projects in 65 countries.
  13. INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR THE SETTLEMENT OF INVESTMENT DISPUTES (ICSID): 1. The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes was established in 1966. 2. It had 143 members. 3. Total cases registered: 159 4. It provides facilities for the conciliation and arbitration of investment disputes between member countries and individual investors. 5. Fiscal 2004 cases registered: 30
  14. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF): The International Monetary Fund was created in 1944, with a goal to stabilize exchange rates and supervise the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system. 1 Promote international monetary cooperation. 2Shorten the duration and lessen the degree of disequilibrium in the international balances of payments of members. 3Facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade. 4Promote Exchange stability and maintain orderly exchange arrangements among members. 5Assist in establishing a multilateral system of payments. The IMF provides financial assistanceto members to help them to correct balance of payments problems in a manner that promotes sustained growth. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Formation- Adopted: July 22, 1944 (67 years ago) Entered intoforce: December 27, 1945 Type- International Economic Organization Headquarters- Washington, D.C. Membership- 1nation (founding);188 nations (to date) Official languages- English, French,and Spanish Managing Director- Christine Lagarde Main organ- Board ofGovernors Website-
  16. BENEFITS TO INDIA BY IMF: Freedom to Rupee Membership of the World bank Importance of India in internationalfield Technical advice and training
  17. EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT (EBRD): EBRD provide project financing for banks, industries and businesses, both new ventures and investments in existing companies. We also work with publicly owned companies. Founded in 1991 1 Financial institution investing in public and private sectors 2 Multinational shareholding: 60 countries, EIB and EU 3 Operates in 27 countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union) 4 Institution with broader mandate: foster transition to market economy
  18. ROLE OF EUROPEAN BANKS FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT: Structuring the financing of municipal infrastructure, equipment and services Promote commercialization and corporatization of services Development of regulatory structures Promotion of appropriate private sectorinvolvement Environmental improvement Facilitate EU grant andcommercial loan co-financing EBRD assists in developing municipal creditworthiness and improving budgetary and fiscal practice EBRD mobilizes financing for municipal advisory services Support in project appraisal and transaction structuring Provide most appropriate financing structure from a wide array of financial instruments Mobilization of co-financing and syndication
  19. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (ADB): The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established to facilitate economic development of countries inAsia. ITS STATED GOALS: 1-Promoting economic growth 2.Reducing poverty 3.Developing human resources 4.Improving the status ofwomen 5.Protecting the environment The Bank's operations cover a wide spectrum of activities and have been classified according to the following sectors: 1.Agriculture and natural resources 2.Transport and communications 3.Energy 4.Industry and non-fuelminerals 5.Finance 6.Socialinfrastructure Asian Development Bank Motto- Fighting poverty inAsia and the Pacific Formation- 22 August 1966 Type- Regional organization Legal status- Treaty Purpose/focus- Crediting Headquarters- Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila, Philippines Region served- Asia-Pacific Membership- 67 countries President- Haruhiko Kuroda Main organ- Board ofDirectors Staff- 2,500+ Website-
  20. ROLE OF ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK: 1 Provides loans and equity investments to its developing member countries 2 Provides technical assistance for the planning and execution of development projects and programs and for advisory services 3 Promotes and facilitates investment of public and private capital for development 4 Assists in coordinating development policies and plans of its DMCs
  21. AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (AFDB): Established in 1964 with a mandate to promote economic and social development in Africa, the African Development Bank is a regional multilateral development finance institution comprising the African Development Bank, the African Development Fund, and the Nigeria Trust Fund. The opacity of its operations andits emphasis on major regionalinfrastructure projects have generated concern among African and international civilsociety. AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Formation August 4, 1963 Type International organization Legal status Treaty Purpose/focus Regional development Membership 78 countries President Donald Kaberuk Main organ Board of Executive Directors Website http://www.afdb
  22. ROLE OF AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK: The main role of the African Development Bank is to help the development of countries in Africa by making loans and equity investments in various projects and programs. African Development Bank also provides technical assistance on development projects. African Development Bank helps in coordinating the development projects of the various countries involved.
  23. INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (IDB): The Inter-American Development Bankwas founded in 1959. The IDB has 48 member countries, including 26 Latin American and Caribbean borrowing members. The bank supports efforts by Latin America and the Caribbean countries to reduce Poverty and Inequality and is the largest source of development financing in this area, besides loans, grants are provided as well as technical assistance and do research. The IDB has a strong commitment to achieve measurable results, increased integrity, transparency and accountability. Inter-American Development Bank Type International organization Headquarters Washington, DC Membership 48 countries Official language s English, Spanish, French, Portuguese President Luis Alberto M Main organ Board of Governors Staff About 2,000 Website
  24. ROLE OF INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK: 1 Using its lending operations, regional initiatives, research and knowledge dissemination activities, institutes, and programs, the IDB helps to foster sustainable economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean. 2 Through its financing, the Bank prioritizes poverty reduction and social equity, environmentally sustainable growth, modernization of the state, and regional integration. 3 IDB has the following mainareas of action: Reducing poverty and social inequalities; Addressing the needs of small and vulnerable countries; Fostering development through the private sector; Addressing climate change, renewable energy and environmental sustainability; and Promoting regional cooperation andintegration.