2. Software is categorized into two types:
1. SYSTEM SOFTWARE
consist of programs that control the operations of the computer
and its devices. It serves as the interface between the user, the
application software, and the hardware.
2. OPERATING SOFTWARE
is one of the type of system software which contains
instructions that coordinate all of the activities of the computer
3. Figure 5.I- System Software serves as the interface between the user, hardware, and applicatin software
4. The Different Operating Systems
This is a complete operating system that works on desktop computer, notebook computer, or mobile
Windows: Microsoft Windows is the most known operating system. Many versions had been out in the
market to help users perform computer-based tasks with more convenience.
MAC OS X: This operating system is only available for computers which any manufactured by Apple.
2.Embedded Operating System
This kind of operating system resides in an internal chip rather than a hard drive and used to on
mobile devices and other consumer electronics.
5. iOS: is previously known as iPhone OS and an operating system that was developed by
Apple and used on the iPad Touch, iPhone, and Apple TV.
Google Android: Google Android operating system for mobile devices.
Blackberry OS: This operating system was developed by Research In Motion for
Blackberry’s line of smartphones.
3.Emerging Operating Systems
The emerging operating system like that of Google’s Chrome OS has the potential to
6. • Application software
Application software or application programs allow users to perform specific tasks like writing
document, making project presentation, video recording and many others.
• As a productive or business tool
• Create graphics and multimedia projects
• Support school and professional activities
• Help individuals with home and personal activities
• Facilitate communication
7. Upon booting up the computer unit, the operating system
Starts to work.
Select a specific application program to work on
(e.g.MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, Notepad,
Paint, etc…)from the start menu.
Create a document using the selected application
Software .Opening an existing file,editing,copying,
8. Types of Software Applications Used in Schools
Instructional software – Are intended to teach skills or information though
demonstrations,examples,explanation,or problem solving.
Tutorial software – A software that teaches the users about new concepts.
Drill and Practice Software – Provides exercises in which students work on
Items one at a time and receive feedback on their correctness.
Simulations – Provide a life-like or world-like scenario or system that students
may experience though the computer.
Instructional Games – Primarily used to motivate learners in learning a
concept or topic. It also allows learners to practice their skills in a more
9. Problem Solving – Focuses on fostering skills in problem solving.
Special Needs Software – Designed Specifically for students with learning
disabilities to assist them in carrying out school task.
Is designed to help teachers and student in creating their reports,
computing of grades,communicating,developing of materials and
keeping of record effectively and efficiently.
Word Processing Software – This is one of the most widely used
10. Electronic Spreadsheet Software
Allows the user to organize numeric data in rows and columns. This software is normally
used doing budgets, grade computations and accomplish mathematical problems.
Spreadsheets are composed of thousands of rows and columns.
Is designed to communicate and display information including text, images, audio and video
elements in a slide show format. Presentation programs are typically used in schools during
lectures, presentation of reports, motivational games, and the like.
11. Graphics and Multimedia Software
Allows professionals like engineers, architects, publishers, and graphic artists to design
work that is intended for their own field of specialization.