Luiz de Mello - Governança Pública na OCDE

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Luiz de Mello - Governança Pública na OCDE

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Luiz de Mello - Governança Pública na OCDE

  1. 1. PUBLIC GOVERNANCE AT THE OECD HIGHLIGHTS AND INSIGHTS FOR BRAZIL AND LAC Rio de Janeiro, 21 June 2017 Luiz de Mello Deputy Director Public Governance
  2. 2. • A primer on the OECD – Key facts and numbers • Why does public governance matter? – How we support policymakers • How do we support policymakers? – Our tools and lines of work Roadmap
  3. 3. THE OECD: KEY FACTS AND NUMBERS
  4. 4. 1961 1974 1994 2007 2008 2013/15 2014 More than just “developed countries”, …
  5. 5. 5 35 €370 Million (2016) … and a large presence in the world
  6. 6. Brazil and the OECD: A growing and mutually beneficial cooperation 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 NumberofPartnerships China Indonesia -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Numberoflegalinstruments Brazil South Africa India
  7. 7. WHY DOES PUBLIC GOVERNANCE MATTER?
  8. 8. Government accounts for a large share of the economy, not only in terms of production, … 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 DNK NOR SWE FIN FRA CAN GRC ISL EST BEL PRT HUN SVN AUT LVA ESP CZE ITA SVK ISR POL USA OECDWA NLD NZL LUX GBR CHE KOR CHL DEU JPN IRL MEX ZAF CRI RUS LTU COL CHN Source: OECD National Accounts and Government at a Glance databases.
  9. 9. … but also employment in most countries 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 NOR DNK LVA SWE HUN FIN SVK EST POL IRL GBR SVN GRC BEL OECD FRA CAN AUS ITA ESP PRT CHE MEX CHL JPN KOR DEU CRI BRA 2014 2009% Source: International Labour Organization (ILO) ILOSTAT (database). Employment in public sector as a percentage of total employment
  10. 10. Quality, not only the level, of spending affects performance Slovak Republic Czech Republic Estonia Israel Poland Korea Portugal New Zealand Canada Germany Spain France Italy Singapore Finland Japan Slovenia Ireland Iceland Netherlands Sweden Belgium United Kingdom Australia Denmark United States Austria Norway Switzerland Luxembourg Viet Nam Jordan Peru Thailand Malaysia Uruguay Turkey Colombia Tunisia Mexico Montenegro Brazil Bulgaria Chile Croatia Lithuania Latvia Hungary Shanghai-China R² = 0.01 R² = 0.37 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 0 20 000 40 000 60 000 80 000 100 000 120 000 140 000 160 000 180 000 200 000 Mathematicsperformance(scorepoints) Average cumulative spending per student from the age of 6 to 15 (USD, PPPs) Student performance and average spending per student Source: PISA 2012 Results: What makes schools successful? Resources, policies and practices, Volume IV.
  11. 11. Regulation is a powerful tool, but few countries systematically evaluate its impacts Note: The vertical axis represents the total aggregate score across the four separate categories of the composite indicators. The maximum score for each category is one, and the maximum aggregate score for the composite indicator is four. The EU average is for the 21 EU member countries that were also members of the OECD at the time of survey in 2015. Source: OECD (2015), OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015, http://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/indicators-regulatory-policy-and-governance.htm. EU average OECD average
  12. 12. Integrity matters not only for confidence in government and institutions, … 2104
  13. 13. … but also for economic performance AUS AUTBEL CAN CHL CZE DNK EST FIN FRA DEU GRC HUN ISL IRL ISR ITA JPN KORLUX MEX NLD NZL NOR POL PRT SVK SVNESP SWE CHE TUR GBR USA R² = 0.5823 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70Corruption (inversed CPI ) Innovation Index (WEF) Source: Data available from WEF and Gallup World Poll.
  14. 14. A few challenges remain; productivity growth has been slower than in the past, and …
  15. 15. … there has been a decline in confidence in government since the global crisis Confidence in national governments
  16. 16. HOW DO WE SUPPORT POLICYMAKERS?
  17. 17. Budgeting and public expenditure Public employment and management Promoting integrity and fighting corruption Regulatory policy Digital Government Strategic policymaking and coordination Public sector innovation Some of our areas of work
  18. 18. • Committees, Working Parties and Networks, Conferences Communities • Principles and Recommendations to CouncilOECD instruments • Surveys, thematic reports, Government at a Glance Data and research • Online platforms, OPSI, comparative studies Sharing practices and experience • Peer Reviews, Thematic reviews, Regional reviewsTailored advice Key pillars of our engagement
  19. 19. Policy communities • Committees and Working Parties for policymakers: – Regulation, Public Governance • Networks of senior officials: – Centres of Government, Senior Budget Officials, Regulators, regional networks • Conferences and symposia: – Integrity Forum, Open Government, etc. 19
  20. 20. OECD instruments: recommendations adopted over the last 5 years on public governance Quality, Integrity & Independence International Open Data Charter * (2015) Recommendation on the governance of critical risk (2014) Recommendation on digital government strategies (2014) Recommendation on budgetary governance (2015) Recommendation on gender equality in public life (2015) Recommendation on effective public investment across levels of government (2014) Recommendation on regulatory policy and governance (2012) Recommendation on Principles for Transparency & Integrity in Lobbying (2010) Recommendation on Principles for Public Governance of Public- Private Partnerships (2012) Recommendation on Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement (2012) *developed with participation of OECD
  21. 21. • Biennial publication: 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2017 • 50+ indicators covering the entire “production chain” of government activity • Output and outcome data; efficiency and effectiveness indicators • Includes all member and partner countries Data and Research: Government at a Glance
  22. 22. Data and Research: Regulatory Policy Outlook • First evidence-based cross-country analysis of OECD countries’ progress to improve the way they regulate • Based on the 2015 Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iReg) • In-depth review of 3 key tools of regulatory policy: RIA, stakeholder engagement, ex post evaluation • Forward looking agenda for regulatory policy
  23. 23. Sharing good practices: The case of OPSI oe.cd/opsi An interactive platform to share and collaborate Designed by policy makers from 33 countries More than 120 projects Innovations from health, education, environment, social protection, public safety
  24. 24. Actionable recommenda- tions (+ imple- mentation support) In-depth analysis 360° diagnostic Tailored advice: The case of Public Governance Reviews Leadership and co-ordination by the Centre of Government Strategic planning and budgeting Performance management, policy evaluation Multilevel governance Public sector integrity Public sector procurement Human resources management Digital governance Regulatory reform Overarching themes:
  25. 25. Thank you! www.oecd.org/gov

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