James Perry - Challenges in Public Administration Research

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Apresentação de James Perry (editor-chefe da Public Administration Review) na mesa-redonda "A produção acadêmica em Administração Publica", integrante do evento "Desafios no Campo da Administração Pública: Ensino, Profissionalização e Pesquisa".

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  • Peci (2017) Editorial: Considering that Brazil now has more than 100 academic journals — a number that is proof of the unbridled search for publishing papers — we need to focus more on quality than on quantity. (This comment speaks directly to the incentives that may be counterproductive.)
  • Perry, J. L. (2016), Building Global Public Administration Knowledge. Public Admin Rev, 76: 533–534. doi:10.1111/puar.12588

    Perry, J. L. (2012), How Can We Improve Our Science to Generate More Usable Knowledge for Public Professionals?. Public Administration Review, 72: 479–482. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6210.2012.02607.x

    Perry, J. L. (2017), Practicing What We Preach! Public Administration Review Promotes Transparency and Openness. Public Admin Rev, 77: 5–6. doi:10.1111/puar.12705

    WHAT’S NOT, BUT SHOULD BE: WHAT IMPORTANT IS MISSING?
    Corruption
    Public Professionalism
    Ethics

    Theory and scholarship about public administration has not kept pace with the challenges of public service
    As an interdisciplinary field, public administration has cut itself off from the disciplines
    Some lines of research (e.g., turnover, collaborative governance) have been marginally useful, especially for the ultimate goal of executing complex policies and programs

    The disciplines have been bystanders, bounded from public administration by the wrong mix of incentives and disinterested in problem-centered research

    Interdisciplinary silos, where research agendas are driven by the “interdiscipline,” create barriers to knowledge advancement
    Disciplinary balkanization, where research agendas are driven by concepts inwardly focused on the discipline, further limit knowledge advancement
  • Perry, J. L. (2017), Amplifying the Voices of Practitioners in PAR . Public Admin Rev, 77: 157–158.

    Perry, J.L. (2017), Where Have You Gone Harold Seidman.

    Perry, J. L. (2016), Is Public Administration Vanishing?. Public Admin Rev, 76: 211–212. doi:10.1111/puar.12534

    Perry, J. L. (2013), Reflections about Relevance. Public Admin Rev, 73: 386–387. doi:10.1111/puar.12055
  • Perry, J. L. (2015), Forging Practitioner–Scholar Partnerships. Public Admin Rev, 75: 343–344. doi:10.1111/puar.12376

    Perry, J. L. (2016), Public Administration Needs to Become a Player in the Ratings and Rankings Business. Public Admin Rev, 76: 697–698. doi:10.1111/puar.12628

    Perry, J. L. (2015), Revisiting the Core of Our Good Government Ethos. Public Admin Rev, 75: 186–187. doi:10.1111/puar.12350
  • Duncan J. Watts (2017). Should social science be more solution-oriented? Nature Human Behaviour 1,
    doi:10.1038/s41562-016-0015

    WHERE SHOULD PA BE GOING NOW?: WHAT WILL HELP MEET THE RESEARCH CHALLENGES?

    Synthesis
    Comparative
    Middle-Range Theory
    Relevant
    High-Quality Methods

    Perry, “Strategies for Building Public Administration Theory” (1991, Research in Public Administration)
    Theories of the middle-range (Robert Merton)
    Guide empirical inquiry
    Systematize theoretical information
    Five areas
    Administrative responsiveness
    Public accountability
    Administrative performance
    Policy implementation
    Public purpose

  • James Perry - Challenges in Public Administration Research

    1. 1. James L. Perry, Indiana University, Bloomington OECD Government Schools Network 2017 Organized by National School of Public Administration (ENAP) and Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV) June 20, 2017 Challenges in Public Administration Research
    2. 2. CONGRATULATIONS! • 50th anniversary of RAP • RAP’s bilingual status  Revista de Administração Pública  Brazilian Journal of Public Administration
    3. 3. PREVIEW • Brief comment about my evidence related to the research challenges • Research challenges • Meeting the challenges
    4. 4. FOUNDATIONS FOR MY EVIDENCE • Research career dating to 1970s • Experiences as an university administrator on three campuses • Six years as Public Administration Review Editor in Chief
    5. 5. FACTS ABOUT PAR • Nearing 77 years of publication (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.111 1/(ISSN)1540-6210) • Owned by American Society for Public Administration (ASPA), published by Wiley/Blackwell • 19 Editors in Chief since 1940 • Almost 6000 institutional subscribers globally • About 1 million downloads annually since 2015 • Two-year impact factor of 3.47
    6. 6. RESEARCH CHALLENGES Public administration should be seeking three results simultaneously: 1. Quality 2. Relevance 3. Influence
    7. 7. SOME REALITIES BEHIND THE CHALLENGES • Disposed to chase the latest fads • Short-term behaviors precipitated by reward systems, university rankings, pressures to publish in SSCI journals • Uncertain human and financial resources for high-quality research • Diversity of subjects, languages and cultures
    8. 8. QUALITY Rigor Attention Persuasiveness Perry, J.L. (2012). How Can We Improve Our Science to Generate More Usable Knowledge for Public Professionals? PAR
    9. 9. RELEVANCE Generating usable knowledge for people who are trying to improve what administrative institutions do in the public sphere Perry, J. L. (2013). Reflections about Relevance. PAR
    10. 10. INFLUENCE Translating scholarship from publication to impact • Perry, J. L. (2015). Revisiting the Core of Our Good Government Ethos. PAR • Perry, J. L. (2016) Public Administration Needs to Become a Player in the Ratings and Rankings Business. PAR
    11. 11. MEETING THE CHALLENGES • Defining research broadly as discovery, integration, application • Finding ways to address known knowledge gaps  Editors must commissioning critical content • Mitigating the scourge of specialization Structure/motivation for our scholarship • Less exclusively problem-driven research in PA • More attention to questions of practical importance in disciplinary journals (Watts 2017)
    12. 12. MEETING THE CHALLENGES: CROSSOVERS TO DISCIPLINES • Systematic reviews • PA scholarship must become much less insular • Perry, J. L. (2016). Is Public Administration Vanishing? PAR
    13. 13. ELEVATING EXPECTATIONS FOR NORMS OF QUALITY Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) extends quality norms from the journal to the research community • Data sharing • Replication Perry, J. L. (2017). Practicing What We Preach! Public Administration Review Promotes Transparency and Openness. PAR
    14. 14. BUILDING AND STRENGTHENING PRACTITIONER—RESEARCHER TIES • Research programs that generate shared interest • Creation of forums that advance mutual interests between practitioners and scholars • Developing integrative social media strategies Perry, J. L. (2015). Forging Practitioner–Scholar Partnerships. PAR Perry, J. L. (2017). Amplifying the Voices of Practitioners in PAR. PAR

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