GOVERNANCE INDICATORS:
FROM GOVERNMENT AT A GLANCE TO
BUILDING CIVIL SERVICE CAPACITY
21 June 2017
What are your school’s priorities for the biennium?
National schools of government priorities
• Comparative benchmarking
– How good are we doing?
– Do we need to do more?
• Evidence-based decision-making
– Prioritisa...
COMPARATIVE
BENCHMARKING
SDG 16: Peace , justice and strong institutions
• Target 16.7: ensure responsive, inclusive participatory and representati...
SDGs 16: Peace , justice and strong
institutions
Target 16.6: develop effective, accountable and transparent
institutions ...
7
Serving Citizens – Scorecards
First attempt to compare across sectors!
Top third group.
Middle third group.
Bottom third...
Engaging employees to improve
governance outcomes
8
 Engaged employees are “committed to their
organisation's goals and v...
Data trends from the U.S. Federal
employee viewpoints survey
9
80% 77%
66% 63%
56% 54%
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Employee E...
EVIDENCE BASED
DECISION MAKING
Data and Research: The G@G framework
Extent of the use of performance assessments in
HR decisions in central government, 2016
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Prelim...
Performance budgeting –
A tool for accountability & transparency
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
LAC average
O...
Adopting a culture of evaluation
Adoption of RIA: Formal requirements and practice (2015)
Source: Government at a Glance L...
ARG
BRA
CRI
DOM
SLV
GTM
HTI
HND
JAM
MEX
PAN
PRY
PER
BRB
COL
ECU
CHL
Between 6 and 10 years
17.6%
Between 11 and 30 years
5...
Risk governance and communication –
Policy design, evaluation and engagement
Existence of a national
strategy with an all ...
Collection of HR administrative data in
central government, 2016
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Preliminary findings
OECD OURdata Index: Open, Useful, Reusable Data
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
COL URY MEX BRA CHL PER ARG CRI DOM ...
INSPIRATION
The Observatory of Public Sector
Innovation
19-Oct-2016 OECD Observatory of Public Sector Innovation: Horizon 2020 update ...
Public sector innovation included in...
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Employee surveys
Promotion criteria
Wo...
Is there an award to promote public
sector innovation in the civil service?
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM
Yes
22
No
13
0
5
10
1...
ARE THERE ANY INNOVATION NETWORKS ACROSS THE
CIVIL SERVICE?
23
Yes
22
No
13
The networks are mainly supported by:
• Centra...
Many OECD countries are investing in
leadership
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Preliminary findings
Use of separate HRM practi...
Source: OECD (2016) SHRM
What kind of leaders are they looking
for?
Competencies valued in the Recruitment and development...
SIX CORE SKILLS AREAS FOR
PUBLIC SECTOR INNOVATION
26
Iteration
Data literacy
User centred
Curiosity
Storytelling
Insurgen...
Innovation skills in Chile’s public sector
Iteration
Data literacy
User centricity
Curiosity
Storytelling
Insurgency
Perce...
Objectives of the OECD Network
of Schools of Government
Supporting countries in securing long-term sustainability of publi...
Key findings: Learning arrangements in the
civil service
Is there a single institution responsible for co-ordinating, prom...
Type of institutions
Key findings: learning arrangements in the
civil service
Key findings: alignment between the top
ranked learning areas and gaps in skills
Key findings: Modes and methods of evaluation of
national schools of government activities
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
...
G@G 2017 – Table of Contents
Inputs
2. Public finance &
economics
3. Public employment
& compensation
Processes
4. Institu...
 Second edition, 2014 and 2017
 Joint effort between the OECD and IDB
 Based on the OECD methodology
 Comparative pers...
Thank you!
www.oecd.org/gov/govataglance.htm
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Edwin Lau e Daniel Gerson - Indicadores de governança: do governo em relance para a construção de capacidade no Serviço Público

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Edwin Lau e Daniel Gerson - Indicadores de governança: do governo em relance para a construção de capacidade no Serviço Público

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Edwin Lau e Daniel Gerson - Indicadores de governança: do governo em relance para a construção de capacidade no Serviço Público

  1. 1. GOVERNANCE INDICATORS: FROM GOVERNMENT AT A GLANCE TO BUILDING CIVIL SERVICE CAPACITY 21 June 2017
  2. 2. What are your school’s priorities for the biennium? National schools of government priorities
  3. 3. • Comparative benchmarking – How good are we doing? – Do we need to do more? • Evidence-based decision-making – Prioritisation – Allocation – What requires more attention? – What works? • Inspiration – How could things be done differently? – Operationalising governance principles – Understanding the implications of the data What evidence do leaders need?
  4. 4. COMPARATIVE BENCHMARKING
  5. 5. SDG 16: Peace , justice and strong institutions • Target 16.7: ensure responsive, inclusive participatory and representative decision-making at all levels : “Proportion of positions ( by sex ….) in public institutions compared to national distribution” 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Senior Management Middle Management Professionals Source: OECD (2016) Survey on the Composition of Employees in Central/Federal Governments Share of women in selected central government positions, 2015
  6. 6. SDGs 16: Peace , justice and strong institutions Target 16.6: develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels : Proportion of population satisfied with last experience of public services OECD Serving Citizens framework: ACCESS RESPONSIVENESS RELIABILITY/QUALITY Affordability Citizen centred approach (courtesy, treatment and integrated services) Effective delivery of services and outcomes Geographic proximity Match of services to special needs Consistency in service delivery and outcomes Accessibility of information Timeliness Security ( safety) In key public sectors including in the latest edition health care, education, and justice.
  7. 7. 7 Serving Citizens – Scorecards First attempt to compare across sectors! Top third group. Middle third group. Bottom third group. Note: Countries are listed in alphabetical order. The number in the cell indicates the position of each country among all countries for which data are available. The arrows indicate whether the situation is improving (), staying the same () or worsening () in absolute terms (i.e. not relative to other countries). Years of reference for each indicator are specified in the figure notes. No symbol means no trend data available. For detailed description of the indicators see "Chapter 14: Serving Citizens" Indicator Mortality rate - Acute Myocardial infaction (heart attack) Mortality rate - Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) Breast cancer mortality in women PISA mean score in science PISA mean score in mathematics PISA mean score in reading Effective enforcement of civil justice Civil justice is free from improper government influence People do not use violence to redress personal grievances Austria 20 9 19 20 15 25 5 10 6 Belgium 14 12 31 14 10 17 11 12 13 Canada 18 3 15 4 5 1 13 6 5 Denmark 10 18 35 15 7 15 8 3 3 Finland 29 22 7 3 8 2 6 7 2 France 1 1 23 21 19 16 15 19 22 Hungary 31 33 30 28 28 30 25 26 10 Italy 11 24 20 27 23 26 27 20 26 Japan 2 17 4 1 1 6 4 15 7 Korea 5 25 1 5 2 5 9 17 19 Mexico 35 19 3 35 35 35 28 27 27 Netherlands 9 13 28 11 6 12 7 1 16 Norway 23 11 9 18 14 7 1 2 8 Sweden 25 14 8 22 17 14 2 8 1 United Kingdom 17 15 26 9 20 19 12 9 15 United States 16 5 13 19 31 20 17 18 18 Health care (including prevention and care) Education Justice Pillar 3: Quality of Services
  8. 8. Engaging employees to improve governance outcomes 8  Engaged employees are “committed to their organisation's goals and values, motivated to contribute to organisational success, and are able at the same time to enhance their own sense of well-being”.  Research (mostly private sector) suggests that employee engagement supports:  Profit: higher net income, operating margins, revenue growth, and shareholder value.  Customer satisfaction: more satisfied & loyal clients, who actively promote service or product within their personal network.  Productivity: higher job performance, efficiency, employee retention and wellbeing.  Innovation: show more personal initiative, contribute more creativity to their work.
  9. 9. Data trends from the U.S. Federal employee viewpoints survey 9 80% 77% 66% 63% 56% 54% 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Employee Engagement Index High Department Score Governmentwide Low Department Score 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Employee Engagement Index 66 67 65 64 63 Leaders Lead 55 56 54 53 50 Supervisors 71 72 71 70 71 Intrinsic Work Experience 72 72 71 69 68
  10. 10. EVIDENCE BASED DECISION MAKING
  11. 11. Data and Research: The G@G framework
  12. 12. Extent of the use of performance assessments in HR decisions in central government, 2016 Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Preliminary findings
  13. 13. Performance budgeting – A tool for accountability & transparency 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 LAC average OECD average Use of performance budgeting practices at the central level of government (2013) Source: OECD (2014) Government at a Glance Latin America and the Caribbean
  14. 14. Adopting a culture of evaluation Adoption of RIA: Formal requirements and practice (2015) Source: Government at a Glance Latin America and the Caribbean 2017 Source: OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG) for Latin America 2016; OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance (iREG) 2015, www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/indicators-regulatory-policy-and-governance.htm 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 Peru Chile Colombia Ecuador Brazil Costa Rica Mexico LAC OECD Written guidance Outside body reviews quality Done in practice Requirement to conduct
  15. 15. ARG BRA CRI DOM SLV GTM HTI HND JAM MEX PAN PRY PER BRB COL ECU CHL Between 6 and 10 years 17.6% Between 11 and 30 years 5.9% Up to 5 years 76.4% Time spam of long-term fiscal budgetary projections (2013) Source: Government at a Glance Latin America and the Caribbean 2017  Better coordination  Discussion of a broader policy agenda  Identify probable future challenges that could affect economic conditions in the future Adopting a longer term perspective in budgeting
  16. 16. Risk governance and communication – Policy design, evaluation and engagement Existence of a national strategy with an all hazards approach for the management of critical risks, 2016 Source: OECD (2016), Survey on the Governance of Critical Risks DenmarkNorway Portugal Chile Estonia Japan Turkey Australia Austria Canada Finland France Germany Greece IcelandIrelandItaly Korea Latvia Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Poland Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Yes and all-hazards approach : 77% Yes but no all hazards approach: 13% No: 10% Average number of disasters per year across OECD countries, 1980-2016
  17. 17. Collection of HR administrative data in central government, 2016 Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Preliminary findings
  18. 18. OECD OURdata Index: Open, Useful, Reusable Data 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 COL URY MEX BRA CHL PER ARG CRI DOM GTM PAN SLV OECD LAC Data availability Data accessibility Government support to the re-use
  19. 19. INSPIRATION
  20. 20. The Observatory of Public Sector Innovation 19-Oct-2016 OECD Observatory of Public Sector Innovation: Horizon 2020 update meeting 20 Source of information  More than 400 case studies of public sector innovation projects  Developing partnerships with EPSA, ENAP (Brazil) and Harvard Kennedy School to bring hundreds more in 2017 Advisory unit  Practical advice on how to make innovation work in the public sector  Latest research in innovation knowledge and practice  Important innovation events, resources, and publications Practitioner community  Bringing together public sector innovation experts from across OECD member and partner countries  Sharing experiences and collaborating on new approaches and ventures, peer support to work through challenges
  21. 21. Public sector innovation included in... Source: OECD (2016) SHRM 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Employee surveys Promotion criteria Workforce development strategy Recruitment strategy / guidelines Performance assessment Competence framework Leadership development Training and development Government-wide strategic objectives Number of OECD countries
  22. 22. Is there an award to promote public sector innovation in the civil service? Source: OECD (2016) SHRM Yes 22 No 13 0 5 10 15 20 25 Shared publicly Held in a data-base Transformed into case studies for learning material Replicated in other public institutions Other Winning innovations Shortlisted innovations If yes, how are the innovations used?
  23. 23. ARE THERE ANY INNOVATION NETWORKS ACROSS THE CIVIL SERVICE? 23 Yes 22 No 13 The networks are mainly supported by: • Central HRM Unit (6) • Central innovation institution (3) • National School of Government (3) • Informal network/ supported independently (10) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Experience sharing among members Capacity building activities Regular meetings Specific innovation projects Online community building Advice and guidance to ministries / public agencies Main activities of innovation networks
  24. 24. Many OECD countries are investing in leadership Source: OECD (2016) SHRM – Preliminary findings Use of separate HRM practices for senior civil servants in central government, 2016
  25. 25. Source: OECD (2016) SHRM What kind of leaders are they looking for? Competencies valued in the Recruitment and development of Senior Management (2016) 25
  26. 26. SIX CORE SKILLS AREAS FOR PUBLIC SECTOR INNOVATION 26 Iteration Data literacy User centred Curiosity Storytelling Insurgency  Rapid and incremental development  Developing and refining prototypes  Experimentation and testing  Basing decisions on data and evidence  Building systems that collect the right data  Communicating data effectively  Identifying new ideas, ways of working  Adapting approaches used elsewhere  Reframing problems and perspectives  Using narratives to explain 'the journey'  Including 'user stories' to outline benefits  Progressing the story as situations change  Challenging the usual way of doing things  Working with unusual/ different partners  Building alliances for change  Policies and services solve user needs  Considering users at every stage  Users that say: "I would do that again"
  27. 27. Innovation skills in Chile’s public sector Iteration Data literacy User centricity Curiosity Storytelling Insurgency Perception of self Perception of manager Perception of organisation IT-1 IT-2 IT-3 IT-4 DL-1 DL-2 DL-3 DL-4 DL-5 UC-1 UC-2 UC-3 UC-4 UC-5 CU-1 CU-2 CU-3 CU-4 ST-1 ST-2 ST-3 ST-4 ST-5 IN-1 IN-2 IN-3 IN-4 IN-5 Perception of self Perception of manager Perception of organisation
  28. 28. Objectives of the OECD Network of Schools of Government Supporting countries in securing long-term sustainability of public sector reforms through: •Strengthening the link between international policy dialogue and national public service capacity-building efforts; •Informing the OECD policy dialogue with lessons and good practices on implementation on the ground; and •Supporting exchange among national schools of government on current policy priorities and capacity-building, policy implementation and research needs. •“National Schools of government: Building Civil Service Capacity” (2016 Report) • Objective: to support policy dialogue across OECD and partner countries on the role of the Schools of Government in 1) shaping and supporting the implementation of the governmental agenda ; 2) developing necessary skills of public servants to respond to government priorities and citizen expectations.
  29. 29. Key findings: Learning arrangements in the civil service Is there a single institution responsible for co-ordinating, promoting and administering learning for civil servants in your country at the central/federal level of government?
  30. 30. Type of institutions Key findings: learning arrangements in the civil service
  31. 31. Key findings: alignment between the top ranked learning areas and gaps in skills
  32. 32. Key findings: Modes and methods of evaluation of national schools of government activities 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Performance indicators Satisfaction surveys Feedback cardsRegular evaluations In-depth impact studies Training future civil servants Training current civil servants Training for senior managers Online programmes As your school monitors and evaluates its activities, how does it monitor and evaluate their impact?
  33. 33. G@G 2017 – Table of Contents Inputs 2. Public finance & economics 3. Public employment & compensation Processes 4. Institutions 5. Budget practices & procedures 6. Human Resource Management 7. Public sector integrity 8. Regulatory governance 9. Public procurement 10. Open government 11. Public sector innovation and digital government 12. Risk management & communication Outputs and outcomes 13. Core government results 14. Serving Citizens
  34. 34.  Second edition, 2014 and 2017  Joint effort between the OECD and IDB  Based on the OECD methodology  Comparative perspective (within the region and to the OECD)  It includes on average 15 LAC countries  Contributed to the creation of policy networks in the region Government at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2017 Policy chapter (the effects of fiscal policy in equity) Public finances and economics Public employment Centres of Government (CoG) Budget practices and procedures (health budgeting) Human resources management Regulatory policy and governance Open and digital government Public procurement
  35. 35. Thank you! www.oecd.org/gov/govataglance.htm

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