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A Tool to AssessHydropowerSustainabilityPerformanceDoug Smith,S u s ta i n a b i l i t yS p e c i a l i st , I H A8 December 2011
Proportion of hydropower developed 75% ~50% 22% 7% ~70% 33% 2008 hydro production: ~ 3200 TWh/y Realistic potential production: ~ 9000 TWh/y 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy (Sources: EIA 2010 and IHA 2010, CHA, 2011)
Hydropower in Sustainable Development Negative impacts can arise from environmental changes, including inHydropower offers energy, water, cases resettlement and loss ofpoverty alleviation, greenhouse gas livelihoods, heritage, biodiversity,reduction, proven technology, long fisheries…life span, flexibility, reliability, localeconomic stimulation... 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
The Protocol• A framework for assessing the sustainability of hydropower projects• Distils hydropower sustainability into over 20 clearly-defined topics• Consistent, globally-applicable methodology• Governed by a multistakeholder Council and terms and conditionsRecognised by leading organisations (including WWF, TheNature Conservancy, Transparency International) as a“valuable tool to measure and improve the sustainabilityof hydropower projects” 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
EvolutionResults from a rigorous and informed multi-stakeholder process,including WWF, Transparency International, Banks and Governments.2000 World Commission on Dams Final Report2003 IHA Sustainability Guidelines2006 Initial Sustainability Assessment Protocol2008-10 Multi-stakeholder Forum refines the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol2011 Official launch at the IHA World Congress, and establishment of the CouncilPolicies taken into account included: World Commission on Dams’ Criteriaand Guidelines; World Bank Safeguard Policies; IFC Performance Standards;and Equator Principles . 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Protocol topicsCommunications and Financial Viability Cultural HeritageConsultationGovernance Project Benefits Public HealthDemonstrated Need and Biodiversity and Invasive Economic ViabilityStrategic Fit SpeciesSiting and Design Procurement Erosion and SedimentationEnvironmental and Social Project Affected Communities Water QualityIssues Management and LivelihoodsIntegrated Project Resettlement Waste, noise and air qualityManagement Reservoir Planning andHydrological Resource Indigenous Peoples Management Labour and WorkingAsset reliability and efficiency Downstream Flow Regimes Conditions 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and EnergyInfrastructure Safety
A Protocol tool for each stage ofdevelopmentBackground document:Four methodology documents for four stages of development: Early stage Preparation Implementation Operation 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Quality control• Governance Committee and IHA are instigating a controlled system to ensure objective, comparable results• A body of accredited assessors will be formed, and assessors will be required to qualify from a training course, and be regularly appraised• Training course will concern auditing best practice as well as Protocol details 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Quality control using accredited assessordelivers:• Evidence-based objective assessment of a project’s performance (an official assessment)• A score of 1 to 5 for each topic area, related to basic good practice and proven best practice• An assessment report according to a standard format, automatically saved in IHA’s assessment database• Synthesis of information on complex facilities into a concise and presentable report• Option to make results public• Easily communicable spider diagram of results 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
A Protocol Assessment does not:• Deliver a ‘certified sustainable’ result for any project or provide any ‘stamp of approval’• Replace national or local regulatory requirements• Replace an EIA or ESIA that is required to meet regulations or international lender’s demands 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Benefits of using the ProtocolIdentification of practical recommendations to improve sustainability performanceTargeting of recommendations on areas of weaker performanceStrengthened understanding of sustainability amongst developers and operatorsAssurance to government and non-government on performanceA neutral platform for dialogue between industry and affected parties on specific issuesInforms international lenders and provides key information and recommendationsAssurance to purchasing utilitiesA signal to the public of commitment to sustainabilityAllows presentation of results for portfolios of facilities as part of corporate reporting 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Hydropower Sustainability AssessmentCouncil• Established to ensure multi-stakeholder input and confidence in the Protocol content and application• Made up of seven representative chambers: • Environmental NGOs • Social/Rights-based NGOs • Developed country governments • Developing country governments • Financial institutions • Hydropower operators/developers • Hydropower consultants/suppliers 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Governance CommitteeDeveloping Countries Hydropower SectorP ro fe s s o r G u o q i n g S h i , N a t i o n a l Re s e a rc h D r Re fa a t A b d e l - M a l e k , P r e s i d e n t ,C e n t r e fo r Re s e tt l e m e n t , H o h a i U n i ve rs i t y, I n te r n a t i o n a l H yd ro p o we r A s s o c i a t i o nChina M s Ka r i n S e e l o s , V i c e - P r e s i d e n t , Po we r G e n e ra t i o n – I n te r n a t i o n a l A f fa i r s , S tat k ra f tDeveloped CountriesM r To r M o r te n S n e v e , S e n i o r A d v i s e r, NGOs - Environmental AspectsDepartment of Economic Development, M r D av i d H a r r i s o n , S e n i o r A d v i s o r, G l o b a lE n e r g y, G e n d e r a n d G o v e r n a n c e , N o ra d , F r e s h wa te r Te a m , T h e N at u re C o n s e r v a n c yN o r way Dr Joerg Hartmann, WWF Dams InitiativeM s A n a B a c h u ro va , A d v i s e r, G I Z , G e r m a ny L e a d e r, W W F I n te r n a t i o n a l ( C h a i r )M r F r i e d r i c h H e t ze l , A d v i s e r, B M Z , G e r m a n y M r J i a n h u a M e n g , S u sta i n a b l e H y d ro p o we r, WWF GermanyFinance SectorM s C o u r t n e y L o w ra n c e , V i c e P r e s i d e n t , NGOs - Social AspectsE nv i ro n m e n t a l a n d S o c i a l R i s k M a n a g e m e n t , D r D o n a l O ’ L e a r y, S e n i o r A d v i s o r,C i t i I n s t i t u t i o n a l C l i e n t s G ro u p Tra n s p a re n c y I n te r n a t i o n a lM s Gwe n Te r ra s , E nv i ro n m e n t a l S p e c i a l i s t ,S o c i ét é G é n é ra l eM r R i ka r d L i d e n , S e n i o r H y d ro p o w e rS p e c i a l i s t , Wo r l d B a n k ( o b s e r v e r ) 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Where to from here?• Call to participate in the Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Council• Development of training programmes for the accreditation of assessors• Hydro4LIFE • A European Commission-funded, €1.2 million project to implement the Protocol within the European Union• Sustainability Partnerships • IHA has partnered with 10 leading hydropower organisations (with more on the way!) to implement the Protocol and engage stakeholders in training 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Sustainability Partners• IHA has developed a Sustainability Partner model• Partners engage with IHA to commit to applying the Protocol• Sustainability Partners receive invaluable experience in the use of the Protocol, and the option to disclose sustainability perfor mance at the earliest opportunity• Each partnership includes: training; two Protocol assessments, one carri ed out by an accredited assessor; raised profile as a Sustainability Partner• Ten partners signed up as of July 2011 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
www.hydrosustainability.org 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
International Hydropower Association• Mission: to advance sustainable hydropower• Non-profit organisation founded in 1995 under the auspices of UNESCO• Central office: London, UK• National office: China• Regional office: Brazil 8 December 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy